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Author: Brian Smith

This book is reproduced here with the kind permission of the family of the author. It is offered with additional information sourced from Ossett Through The Ages (OTTA)

Anne-Marie Fawcett October 2022


Of course, everyone knows that pubs were just drinking dives, where the drinkers drank to excess and came out singing wildly or staggering in the gutter. Well, there were a few like that, but mostly they were quickly closed down by the police and the Licensing Authorities.

For the most part, pubs were meeting places where men (few women in days gone by) could get a drink of beer and meet socially with their workmates and the older, retired men. They could smoke their pipes and perhaps play dominoes – for fun only – because if the landlord found that they had staked 2d. for the winner, he would throw them out for gambling on his licensed premises.

However, there was much more to pubs than that. Just think about it. They were generally much larger than the nearby housing, because they usually had one large room downstairs and a number of smaller rooms, whilst upstairs they had their own accommodation plus a number of bedrooms available for visitors and travellers. They had facilities for catering for their guests, or for providing meals for large groups – for example – on Easter Monday 1870 about 100 persons sat down for an excellent dinner at the Royal Hotel.

In ancient times The King used to travel the country and held Court to right any wrongs, or to inquire into unusual happenings. Later the King appointed “Crowners” to act for him as if he were present, to make enquiries into such circumstances. The Crowner was a very important person, and this importance stayed even though his name transformed over time to “Coroner”. He was required to travel to the locality of any unusual death, where (depending upon the distance) he stayed at a local hotel or at a pub if those were the largest premises available. He also made use of the large downstairs room for the Inquest, whilst at breaks in the proceedings there was food and drink on hand for witnesses, etc.

The large room was also used when sales or auctions of property took place. In a political sense it would have been used for a meeting of the Dewsbury Working Mens Conservative Association held at the Cooper’s Arms in 1867. Following the formation of a Liberal Registration Association in Ossett, it held its first meeting at the Cock & Bottle in March 1869. The fortnightly meetings of the Board of Surveyors were held in the Cock & Bottle Inn in 1867. When Ossett adopted the Local Government Act in 1870 the Local Board held its meetings at the Cooper’s Arms, whilst the Board of Health meetings were held at the Royal Hotel.

Some of the local hostelries had stabling for a dozen horses, some of which were available for hire. However, I have been unable to find any true “Coaching Inns” locally. These were situated in larger towns like Leeds, Wakefield and Halifax. An Inn in Wakefield claimed it had stabling for 200 horses. As early as 1866 Gamwell Cudworth was advertising the availability of a Cab at a moments notice from the Bull’s Head Inn.

As you can see, there was rather more going on in pubs than just drinking the acceptable local beverage.

Brian Smith


The site of the Beehive, Gawthorpe
Photo: Anne-Marie 2017

At the century-old Beehive Inn situated in Gawthorpe the following incident took place one day in 1963. Reggie Sedgewick and Amos Clapham, a local coal merchant and president of the Maypole Committee, were enjoying some well-earned liquid refreshment whilst standing at the bar lost in their own thoughts. Suddenly in burst Lewis Hartley in a somewhat exuberant mood. On seeing the other two he slapped Reggie heartily on the back and said: ”Ba gum lad tha’ looks buggered!”

Whether because of the force of the blow or because of the words that accompanied it, Reggie was just a little put out.‘ ’ Ah’m as fit as thee’’ he told Lewis, ‘’an’ if tha’ dun’t believe me gerra a bagga coil on thi back an ‘ah’ll get one on mine an ‘ah’ll race thee to t’ top o’ t’ wood !’’ ( Coil, let me explain is Yorkshire speak for coal ).

While Lewis digested the implications of this challenge Fred Hirst, Secretary of the Gawthorpe Maypole Committee ( and not a man to let a good idea go to waste) raised a cautioning hand. ” ‘Owd on a minute,’’ said Fred – and there was something in his voice that made them all listen. ‘Aven’t we been looking fer some’at to do on Easter Monday? If we’re gonna ‘ave a race let’s ‘ave it then. Let’s ‘ave a coil race from Barracks t’ Maypole.’’( The Barracks being the more common name given by the locals to The Royal Oak Public House )Thus was born The World Coal Carrying Championships!

Gawthorpe Maypole Committee


The Boot & Shoe c1900 courtesy of Julie Guilfoyle
Photo: Anne-Marie Fawcett 2019

Dating back to at least 1866, The Boot & Shoe was originally a beer house. What’s the difference between a Beer House and a Public House? Fully licensed pubs were regulated by local magistrates, who had the power to grant or revoke licenses. Beer houses were controlled by the excise department.

Legal beer houses and beer shops were introduced by the 1830 Beer Act, which was introduced by the government who were keen to promote the drinking of beer instead of spirits. Especially gin which was, originally, the drink of sailors. The craze for gin swept across much of England during the first half of the 18th century. Prior to the Act, beer was taxed – despite the fact that it was safer to drink than water! The Act abolished the beer tax.

Many shopkeepers sold beer alongside their shop wares. Imagine going to the butchers for your shinned beef and being able to buy a jug of warm beer to drink with it. Hmm …

In 1869, control of beer house licensing was given to magistrates and they set about closing as many as they could. Many were closed due to their poor facilities, some having started as just a room or two in a house or shop. But beer houses didn’t disappear overnight. It actually took more than 100 years to close them all. In 1910 almost a third of pubs were beer houses. By 1950 it was a fifth. A few hundred still remained by the time they were abolished in 1980.

In 1961 landlady, Kate Mugglestone, successfully applied for an All Liquors Licence and The Boot & Shoe became a fully licensed Public House.

Anne-Marie Fawcett


At Healey there was a large mill complex which utilised the water power available from the River Calder. After weaving, the woollen cloth had to be “fulled” or “milled”. This entailed pounding the wet cloth with water powered wooden hammers, a skilled job. The cloth was then attached to tenter frames by tenter- hooks. Suspended on these frames the cloth dried and shrinkage was controlled. John Gawthorp, a Cloth Miller, born at Horbury Bridge, moved to Healey in the early-1840’s with his wife and 4 children, and took over a beerhouse (Miller’s Arms). The 1851 census lists John Gawthorp (40), Sarah (39), born at Healey, John (20), William (17), Sarah (15), Ann (12), Joseph (8), Caroline (5), Squire (2) and Catherine (1 month). On the 1861 census John Gawthorpe is shown as an Innkeeper (Miller’s Arms), whilst his son John is a Cloth Fuller employing 5 men. William has become the licensee of the Victoria Hotel in Manor Road. In 1871 John Snr is back as a Cloth Fuller and John Jnr has taken over the Miller’s Arms. Then in 1872 William left the Victoria and went to live in Wakefield. In 1873 John Snr died and Sarah, his widow, became both the owner and licensee of the Victoria, but only for one year. In the 1881 census Sarah is living in Greatfield Road with John Henry (15), her grandson, a solicitor’s clerk. By 1877 John Jnr had died and his widow, Jane Gawthorpe, had taken the license of the Miller’s Arms. This Inn was subsequently sold in 1881, and John Duffin became the licensee.

Brian Smith

Photos of the Miller’s Arms at Healey, late summer 1985. Clark’s Brewery bought this and reopened it in early November 1985 as Boon’s End (the brewery held a competition to find a name for it). The first landlord of Boons End was Ben Cooper, who moved across from Henry Boons in Wakefield.

Neville Ashby
The Brewers Pride.
Photo: Neville Ashby 2019

The Duffin family came to Ossett in 1880 as itinerant licensees. The census of 1881 records John Duffin (36), Innkeeper, born Wintersett, Ann (31) born Barnsley, whilst their children had been born at Woolley, Brampton and Dewsbury. Living with them were two of Ann’s brothers, named Waterton from Barnsley, and a servant from Doncaster. They stayed at the Miller’s Arms for 10 years, and then in 1890 moved to the Cross Keys, which at that time was in Alverthorpe with Thornes. John Duffin stayed there until 1903. On the 1881 census the children were only given initials, but on the 1891 census for Alverthorpe cum Thornes the whole family is detailed – and note the different birthplaces. John Duffin (46), Innkeeper and Farmer, born at Wragby, Ann Selina (41), Barnsley, William Henry (20), Woolley, Ann Selina (16) Wath on Dearne, George William (14) Rawmarsh, John William (14) Rawmarsh, Edwin Scholey (12) Dewsbury and Percy (3) Ossett. With them were Ann Waterton (76), Mother-in-Law, and George (43) her son, both from Barnsley. In 1897 Ann Selina Duffin took over the Commercial, Dewsbury Road, and stayed there for 12 years. Is this the mother, who would be 47, or the daughter who would be 22? William Henry took over the Cross Keys from his father in 1903, but only stayed for one year. In 1933 Edwin Scholey Duffin moved to the Commercial, until 1935.

Brian Smith
Published: Friday 14 August 1874
Newspaper: Huddersfield Chronicle

The case was resumed and a verdict was given for the plaintiff on all the issues. I can’t help wonder if Squire Gawthorpe received his extra £50! (Anne-Marie)

A detailed biography of the life and tragically premature death of Reginald Earnshaw is available here



Since Brian produced his book I’ve discovered evidence that proves his theory was correct. The British Oak was indeed renamed The Station Hotel. He was only a few years out – the name changed on March 7 1898.AMF 2022



The name George Pawson first appears in the records of The Bull’s Head (Town), (“Town” being the former name of Bank Street), as the licensee from 1842 to 1850. On the 1851 Census it shows that he was born at Mirfield and is aged 37. His wife Elizabeth aged 34 was born in Ossett and they have two children living with them, Sarah 14, and Emma 6. Their son, Thomas, was a visitor staying with his grandmother Sarah Illingworth, widow, aged 61, a rag sorter, living at Town. From 1853 Mrs Illingworth was known to be the proprietor of a beerhouse called The Globe (Town), on the opposite side to the Bull’s Head. In the 1861 Census she was aged 71 years and when she retired in 1867 she would be 77. By 1851 George Pawson had moved from the Bull’s Head to take over The George (Town) and remained there until 1854. In the 1853 White’s Trade Directory he is listed as a Rag Dealer and Publican. In the 1861 Census his family had increased and there was now Thomas (22), Emma (16), Mary Elizabeth (9), John D (6) and Benjamin (2). In the 1861 Kelly’s Trade Directory Thomas is listed as a Rag Dealer. As shown in the 1871 Census the family has moved to The New Inn on Back Lane (subsequently Prospect Road) and only John and Benjamin remain at home. George Pawson had built this Inn, but Station Road was not to be developed until 1888. Vehicular access to the railway station was via New Street, and the New Inn was hoping to attract trade from this source. Perhaps initially the trade did not come up to expectations, and his wife is working as a Cloth Burler. Son Thomas is a lodger at the Hare & Hounds. By 1881 both George and his wife are dead. Thomas Pawson (42) had been widowed and is living in Jubb’s Yard (to the rear of the New Inn), and is a General Dealer. With him is Benjamin (22) who is a General Carrier. In 1891 Thomas is a Wagonette Proprietor living at Quarry House, Leeds Road End (Gawthorpe), with his nephews and nieces, the Wilson’s. Benjamin (32) has married Mary (31) and they have 5 children, George William (7), Bernard (5), Lillian (3), Roland (2) and Clara (1).

In 1894 he became licensee of the Cock and Bottle, followed by his wife from 1915 to 1917. The Pawsons were the first people in town to acquire a horse drawn Hansom Cab and later a motor taxi cab. They kept a number of horses in their livery stables at this Inn and catered for funerals, weddings and other events requiring transport. They also had a butchery business in Bank Street. Benjamin’s son Roland acquired and began to operate a taxi before 1914, but disposed of it when the War broke out. His other son Bernard became the licensee of the Globe from 1920 to 1922, transferring to the Horse and Jockey and remaining there until 1948.

Brian Smith


Photo: Steve Mitchell
View from Ventnor Way 2016



Mr. Jacob Clay, landlord of the Old Carpenters’ Arms, Ossett, applied to the Bench to allow him to make an alteration in his premises, which he said were in the centre of the village. At present they were not large enough to accommodate his customers, and he wished to add a large dining room, which would be done by breaking a door through one of his present rooms.— The Justices thought no objection could be taken to the application made by Mr. Clay, but they thought it would be advisable for Superintendent Airton to view the place before the request was granted.

Dewsbury Chronicle and West Riding Advertiser
Saturday 28 August 1869
AMF 2023
Published: Saturday 06 September 1879
Newspaper: Ossett Observer
AMF 2023
The cottages are visible in the background of an Ossett Carnival from 1920

Over the door to The Carpenter’s Arms
Photo: Anne-Marie Fawcett 2020

It is widely believed that the inscription says “HIM 1768”. But what does that mean? It was common practice for builders, or the owners of a building, to have their names inscribed above the door.
So, who was “MH”? Who was “IH”?

Photo: Anne-Marie Fawcett 2020

“MH” is quite straightforward. Martha Land was born on August 31 1718. On March 29 1741 she married John Harrop. MH = Martha Harrop.

John Harrop, born on February 1 1707, built the pub in 1768. So it must say “JH” and not “IH” as initially believed. Initially!

The alphabet is one of the first things we learn. The 26 letter alphabet that we know today first started to take shape in the 16th century but it wasn’t until the end of the 18th century that the alphabet we recognise actually began to be more commonly used. And, whilst “Z” may be the last letter alphabetically, the last letter added to our alphabet was actually “J”.

Script designed by the Romans was widely recognised and used throughout the medieval period and into the early 18th century. If you think about it, there are still Roman fonts in use today. The Roman alphabet looked pretty similar to our modern one, but had no “J” or “U”. Instead their places were filled by “I” and “V” respectively.

Therefore “IH” = “JH” = John Harrop. John was a carpenter which is how the pub got its original name of The Carpenters Arms. We know it now as Bistro 42.

In 2020 a Blue Plaque was commissioned for this pub (financed by one of the then owners Simon Oakes) and I admit that I don’t know why it hasn’t yet been installed. Maybe one day it will be …

Anne-Marie Fawcett

On January 1 1945 John Smith’s Tadcaster Brewery, who then owned The Old Carpenters Arms, gave permission to the licensee Tom Ellis to install an advertising board, measuring 21ft ×12ft, on the wall of the adjoining shop.  The board can be seen in these photos from the 1960s. Photographer unknown.


The Edwardian era at the start of the 20th century was just about the heyday of the public house. There were more of them throughout the country than there had ever been. They were open for long hours, some only closing for 3 or 4 hours during the night. Men could get a pint of “breakfast” on their way to work, or on coming out of work at lunchtime. This could have been a help for those working in dry, dusty mills, or in foundries, or doing other hot and heavy work.

However, with the coming of War in 1914 there was the realisation that matters had to be tightened-up.

More machinery was in use than ever before – with the risk of injury if the morning beer affected ones responses. Additionally, particularly for those on munitions work, a fuddled mistake could mean the death of many workers.

Consequently, in 1915, the hours for the sale of intoxicating liquor were drastically reduced. Additionally, “treating” was immediately prohibited, no one could buy a drink for anyone else – except where a meal was involved and a drink was paid for within the bill. The “long pull” was also prohibited, not more than the quantity of liquor asked for must be supplied There was also provision made for the further dilution of spirits – whisky, brandy, rum to be 35 degrees underproof, and gin 45 degrees underproof.

There had already been restrictions on Sunday opening, but the “bona fide” (good faith i.e.genuine) traveller could get liquid refreshment at appropriate hostelries, so a long journey was catered for. However, some looseness had crept unto the system, and a person travelling from Gawthorpe to Horbury could claim to be a “bona fide” traveller as he passed through Ossett, hopefully getting a drink or two in Ossett. Restrictions were brought in which strictly applied to the “bona fide” traveller – so severe that in effect he now disappeared altogether.

Every licensed premises or club was obliged to exhibit the restricting Order.

Brian Smith


Gamwell Cudworth

The 1851 census tells us that Gamwell Cudworth (16) is the second of nine children belonging to John (47) and Mary (46), living at the top end of Wesley Street. Gamwell is a Factory Boy, whilst his father is a Wool Slubber. In the 1861 census Gamwell (26) is now a Woollen Spinner married to Hannah (24), living at Streetside and they have two children, Mary E. (4) and John W. (1). By 1865 he was at the Bull’s Head (Town) where he remains until he takes over the Commercial on Dewsbury Road, near the bottom of Dale Street. The 1871 census tells us that there is now another child – Emma (4). At the Commercial there was considerable stabling, which no doubt was well used because the Inn was on the main route from Wakefield to Halifax, which developed on a similar course to the Roman Road at Streetside – (“Street” often being given to a Roman Road, e.g. “Watling Street”). The stabling at the Commercial was not demolished until the 1980’s, to make room for a children’s playground.

By the time of the 1881 census Gamwell (46) is widowed and listed as a Cab Proprietor. His daughter Emma (14) is still at home, and he has three domestic servants, Ann Huby (23), Martha Huby (21) and Ann Senior (11), all from Darrington. There is also Charles Austwick (19) a Cab Driver from Riccall. Mary E. (24), his eldest daughter has married Sam Mitchell (28) a Rag Merchant and they are living in Ellis Yard. With them is John W. (21) her brother who is a Painter.

The business of Cab Proprietor appears to be thriving and he inserts an advertisment in the Ossett Observer of 9th October 1886:-

IMPORTANT NOTICE CABS, WAGONETTES AND OPEN CARRIAGES For long and short journeys are always to be had at the Undersigned Also, HEARSES AND MOURNING COACHES Funeral Orders attended to with Promptness and Punctuality GAMWELL CUDWORTH COMMERCIAL HOTEL, OSSETT

When the Railway first came to Ossett, the station was accessed from New Street. As the Township became prosperous in the 1880’s through the Rag Trade and the development of Mungo and Shoddy, Ossett felt it was worthy of a larger station building. The Great Northern Railway Company agreed to erect the station and the bridge, but the Local Board had to construct the new access road, which would be parallel to New Street.

Joseph Brook, a Mill Owner with entrepreneurial skills, decided that the road should have handsome buildings and he set about acquiring land to carry out his vision. In 1885 he purchased from Charles Wheatley the Cock and Bottle, occupied by Mary Fisher, and 2700 sq yards of land stretching from the Market Place to Prospect Road. He only wanted the land, so in 1890 he sold the Cock and Bottle to Gamwell Cudworth through a mortgage. Soon after this deal was completed Gamwell Cudworth died. In 1891 the mortgage was transferred to Ann Huby – his Executrix – and was then repossessed by Joseph Brook. Had Gamwell, aged 56, had ideas to transfer his business to a more central position in the Market Place? Ann Huby took over the Commercial from 1890 until 1891.

Brian Smith


According to an old Ossett Observer Samuel Hartley was the last landlord of the Traveller’s and the first landlord of the ADJACENT Commercial. The 1861 Census records Samuel Hartley aged 48, at the Traveller’s Inn, not only as landlord but also as a brick and tile maker employing five men and two boys. Samuel, said to be a gigantic fellow, lived here with his wife, Ann 49, and their five daughters – Mary Ann 26 a dressmaker, Charlotte 24 and Elizabeth 17 both burlers (one that removes loose threads, knots and other imperfections from cloth), Susannah 15 and Emma 10 both at school – and their grandson, four year old Samuel Hartley. Sadly, another daughter, Rose Ann, died the previous year at the age of 18. Two more children, Henry and Ellen, had left home in 1855 when they each married.

In 1863 Samuel Hartley ordered this “loving cup” to be made. Eight inches tall and five and a half inches in diameter, with an immaculate finish, the cup was a deep blue and white. Nobody appears to know why he had it made. The cup was passed down through the family and in 1931, just before his marriage to Jessie Lunn, it was given to Mr Samuel Hartley Longbottom, the great grandson of Samuel Hartley. Samuel and Jessie lived at Glenallen, 105 Dale Street and for more than fifty years, it stood on a shelf in the hallway of their home. Notice the errors on the cup? “Travellars”. Though he offered no theory, Mr Longbottom was convinced this was deliberate, that the inn was in fact The Travellars. Another error, “Ossitt”. His explanation for this? “Who doesn’t pronounce it that way?!” Fair enough! So, were there ever two pubs adjacent to each other – The Traveller’s Rest /The Travellars and The Commercial. Or are they one and the same? Also … what happened to the cup?

Anne-Marie Fawcett
The former Commercial, Dewsbury Road is now apartments.
Photo: Steve Wilson 2017


The Commercial, Horbury Road can be seen on the far right.
This blended image was created for Ossett Through The Ages (OTTA) by Julian Gallagher.


This photo by Neville Ashby, taken in 2012, shows how The Coopers looked beneath the render.
Anne-Marie captured this image of the converted pub in 2017.
Robert Fereday Lumb married Gertrude Gibson in 1929.
They were the licensees of The Coopers Arms.
Photo courtesy of Robert Harrison, their grandson.




Up to the mid-1700’s in Ossett, as in most small towns and villages throughout the country, the production of beer for the family was women’s work. They were evidently well qualified for this task with their work of cleanliness in looking after the house or farm; watching over the hens and chickens, which often had barley strewn to them; cooking; and the baking of bread both of which require heating in their process, and the bread required a knowledge of yeast. Because of the heating (and indeed boiling) process in the production of beer, it was found to be a safer drink than either water or milk – which were the other main drinks, especially for women and children.

The beer produced had a relatively short ‘life’, i.e. up to about a fortnight, so it became a routine continuing process, with the yeast being carried forward brew to brew. The other ingredients were local grown barley, which was started germinating, then heated (malted) and crushed, and then covered with boiling water. When this liquid (the wort) cooled then the yeast could be added. This yeast fed off the natural sugar in the barley to produce the alcohol content of the beer. Extra water was added to produce a second fermentation of “small” beer – usually for women and children, or for the breakfast drink.

A later refinement was the purchase of ready malted barley, available in Ossett from the end of Dearden Street where there was a farm house and malt kiln, the latter being kept by Dicky Walshaw who tried to beat his competitors – selling 22 lbs per stroke, for 5/-, instead of the usual 20 lbs. The beer was stored in Barrels (strictly in casks – because a barrel is just one size of cask, holding 36 gallons of beer – 288 pints). Other cask sizes were the Pin (4½ gals – 36 pints); the Firkin (9 gals – 72 pints); the Kilderkin (18 gals – 144 pints); and the Hogshead (54 gals – 432 pints).

Whilst “home brew” could continue to be made untaxed, the government found that it could raise funds by licensing certain premises for the production and sale of beer, together with the sale of food, and some of the earliest pubs in Ossett had brew-houses within their premises. Licenced Victuallers only could sell this beer and food. The “Carpenter’s Arms” (1768) and the “Cock and Bottle” (1771) were in the right position for early development, being close to the Church, whilst nearby in Little Townend another old pub was the “Cooper’s Arms” (1818, or a bit earlier). Good food was provided, the various premises becoming food and drink meeting places for the conduct of business, inquests, parties, and the development of Ossett when the Local Board had to use various pub premises for its meetings.

Many of Ossett’s pubs started as “beerhouses” after 1830, when householders could start selling beer and cider for a licence fee of only two guineas (£2. 2s. 0d or £2.10p). This was mainly as a result of the government of the day attempting to reduce the great consumption of gin. Certainly in London it was no exaggeration that on gin one could be “Drunk for a penny, dead drunk for twopence”. The specialist brewers, like Tetley in Leeds, were supplying their local areas from the 1770’s, and had started adding hops to the beer to extend its life. Subsequently, they bought out many of the “houses” which they were supplying, and these became ‘tied’ houses for that beer only. However, in Ossett, most of the “houses” were independent, and local beer brewing continued right up to the 1890’s. More varieties of beer became readily available – Pale Ale, Barley Wine, Porter, although Lager (which was available in the 1880’s) did not catch the public palate until the 1950’s – and only then perhaps because the Military Services had been drinking it on the Continent at the end of the War.

Brian Smith


Bagatelle coin from Neville Ashby’s collection.

It was dusk when we came out of the Fleece – lighting up time (do they still say that?). We took a few photos – ‘someone’ picked some of the daffodils that were growing through the fence of a factory nearby, and we sauntered along Spa Street to The Little Bull where we had a few more pints… then we all set off again, past where Pigeon Harry used to live…. down past where Chinaman used to shout at us when we were kids… we walked under the Motorway, up Bellyache Hill beside where the Burning Mountain once stood, and home …

By: Vyvyan Green




Photo: Anne-Marie Fawcett 2020

Photos: Julie Rooney courtesy of Ossett Through The Ages (OTTA)


Janet Marshall donated this original photo of her great, great grandmother
Jane Hallas and family outside The George.


The first mention of William Hallas, a miner (22) comes in the 1821 census, and he has a wife Mary (24). By the next available census in 1841 William (43) is listed as a Publican and Coal Miner, along with his wife Mary (43) and their servant Jane Smith (23). In 1851 he describes himself as a Gentleman and ex- Coal Master. The public house at which he was licensee from 1837 to before 1851 was the George (Town), and William and Mary retired to a house on the opposite side of the George yard, and are still alive at the time of the 1861 census. Replacing him was George Pawson (who transferred from the Bull’s Head) and remained at the George until 1866. Also on the 1861 census appears another William Hallas (35) coal miner, with a wife Jane (43), both born in Ossett, and a daughter Mary Elizabeth (8), born at Stanley, all now living at Back Lane (Ventnor Way). Is this William and Mary’s son? He was born in 1826 so does not appear on the 1821 census, and would have been 15 by the 1841 census, yet he was not living in Ossett at that time. Had he become too interested in their servant Jane Smith and been sent away? Neither was he in Ossett for the 1851 census. Had they been in exile at Stanley? In 1866 William became licensee of the George, and in 1872 is known to be the Owner, but he dies at an early age. From his tombstone in Ossett Parish Church graveyard we know that he died on the 6th May 1873, aged 47 years, and it reads:-

He was a tender father and a husband kind

Great is the loss to those who are left behind.

This toilsome world I’ve left behind

A glorious crown I hope to find

Farewell dear wife and children dear I am not dead, but sleeping here.

As I am now, so you must be

Therefore prepare to follow me.

In 1873 Jane Hallas became both the Owner and Licensee of the George. About this time her daughter Mary married Joseph Hellawell, a Millwright, who was born at the Bull’s Head. They had a daughter, Ann, born 1875, and another Mary Jane Hallas (Hellawell) in 1877, whose mother Mary Hellawell died as a result of giving birth to this daughter. Joseph and the two girls moved into the George so that Jane could help looking after the children. In 1879 Joseph became manager of the Inn, but only for 6 months. The Hallas’s owned the strip of land from Dale Street (previously Town) through to Back Lane. Behind the Inn was a building which the Pawson’s had used for a Rag Warehouse, and outside the back door of the Inn was a large well. Jane Hallas converted the ground floor to a Wash House with large wooden mangles where people took their washing. The upstairs room was used for meetings, and regularly for Band Rehearsals. Jane Hallas survived her husband by 20 years and died 1st February 1893, aged 74 years. Joseph Hellawell took over the George until 1898. His daughter Ann married Ezra Firth of Fawcett and Firth, Healey Mills, whilst Mary Jane Hallas Hellawell married Thomas W. Wilson, later to become the Town Clerk of Ossett. The latter built a brick house, fronting on to Back Lane, and named it Ventnor House. It was demolished when the Ring Road was created and Back Lane became Ventnor Way.

Brian Smith

Photos c1960: Ray Smith courtesy of Ossett Through The Ages (OTTA)

Are you able to identify anyone? Get in touch if you are!


Looking at the Town Hall in the distance I think the first photo is from around 1905/6. The Town Hall was officially opened in 1908 and it looks to still be under construction in this photo. The second photo is thought to be from 1950s.

From 1888-1895 The Globe was owned by the executors of William Gartside. In 1839 he was the owner of the land upon which The Globe stood. The following is a little about Wiliam Gartside and the mystery of Healey House.

Healey House was built for William Gartside who was a drysalter and, at one time, was the owner of a colliery and many acres of land in Ossett. A drysalter dealt in chemicals such as glue, varnish and dye. William’s business was highly successful and concentrated on producing dyes for wool. The land on which the pinfold now stands had also belonged to William Gartside. On April 17 1871 Ossett Board of Health agreed to exchange the original pinfold of 144 square yards for William Gartside’s plot adjacent to the West Well (120 square yards). It was agreed that he would pay £50 towards the building of a new pinfold – it was to be 3 yards high with pitch faced walls.The census returns of 1851, 1861 and 1871 record William as being resident at Dewsbury Lane. Prior to this, the road was called Oxley Lane. By 1876 it had been given the name that we’re more familiar with:- Wesley Street.

Wesley House was built in the early 1870s for William Gartside but he only lived there briefly. Probably because he had another house built. Ossett mungo manufacturer and Ossett’s first mayor, Edward Clay purchased the Wesley House estate and the Clay family have now lived there for over 100 years.

It wasn’t only the road which had several changes of name. The house did too. Whilst we know it now as ”Dundalk House”(or ”Dundalk Court”), before this it was called ”Dunkeld”. As you might know, Dundalk is in Ireland, whilst Dunkeld is in Scotland. When William Gartside lived there, he gave his new home the name:- ”Healey House”. There are those who believe that this house was actually at Healey and I can see why as, in 1864, William had built his extensive dyeworks on the site of Healey new canal. But I wasnt convinced so I did a little more research.

William Gartside died in November 1876 and was buried at Holy Trinity Churchyard. On the burial register his address was ”Healey House”. William’s obituary in the Ossett Observer stated that he died at home on Wesley Street. At Healey House then?

But why Dunkeld?

By 1881(and possibly earlier) Healey House was a doctor’s surgery occupied by 35 year old Dr John Greaves Wiseman. Dr Wiseman, whose father William Wood Wiseman, was also a doctor, was admitted to the Royal College of Surgeons in 1867 and appears to have begun his career at Guy’s Hospital in London. The 1871 census records him at Dearden Street. This would then imply that the doctor’s practice was established at Dunkeld between 1871 and 1881. Using the electoral role I learned that, in 1891, keeping his surgery on Wesley Street, Dr Wiseman moved to Wakefield Road, not far from The Red Lion. This move was no doubt prompted by the arrival that year of Dr George Symers Mill who came to Ossett as an assistant to Dr Wiseman.

Dr Mill was born in 1865 in Arbroath in Scotland, just a few miles away from Dunkeld which is on the north bank of the River Tay. I suspect it was a favourite place of Dr Mill; described as the “Gateway to the Highlands”, I can’t fault him. Dr Mill moved into Healey House. He married Alice Mary Harrop of Green House, The Green at Holy Trinity Church in September 1897 and their only child, Constance, was born the following year.

When Dr Wiseman retired, Dr Symers succeeded him and, by 1905, the house had been renamed Dunkeld. Dr Wiseman died in 1934. He was 88. His address on his probate record is “Stranraer”, St Peter’s Road, Middlesex. Seems he too dreamed of Scotland. Dr Mill became the first School Medical Officer in Ossett, and for 26 years was on the honorary medical staff at Dewsbury and District Hospital. He served, with the rank of major, in the 4th battalion King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry and was associated with the Territorials for many years. He also conducted classes for the St John Ambulance Association which was founded in 1877. During WW1, at the age of 51, Dr Mill served in France with the Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC). Wounded, he returned home and later took charge of the medical division of Staincliffe War Hospital. When he died, at the age of 59 in January 1925, his funeral was held at Holy Trinity Church. It was filled to capacity by the general public, which his obituary stated “was a striking testament to the esteem and respect in which the doctor was held”.

Five months after the death of her father, Constance married Dr William Simpson. Dr Simpson had qualified in 1923 and, after a brief spell in Obstetrics at the Royal Maternity and Women’s Hospital in Glasgow, he moved to Ossett to work with Constance’s father at Dunkeld. Following in his father in law’s footsteps, Dr Simpson became the School Medical Officer for Ossett and was involved with the St John Ambulance Association. Like his father in law, he also held a position at Dewsbury and District Hospital. By 1927 Dr Simpson was joined at Dunkeld by the newly qualified Dr William Donald Mitton. By 1939 the Simpsons had left Ossett for Preston where Dr Simpson worked as an obstetric surgeon. Dr Mitton was by this time running the practice at Dunkeld.

During WW2 Dr Simpson joined the RAMC (just like his father in law had done in WW1). In 1944 he died from a heart attack which he suffered whilst on active service in Jamaica. He is one of 47 Commonwealth service personnel, who lost their lives in WW2, buried at Kingston (Up Park Camp) Military Cemetery, Jamaica.

Dr Mitton continued to work at Dunkeld until his death, in Switzerland in 1964, at the age of 62. Dr Mitton’s wife, Helen, died in early 1998 and, in that same year, an application was submitted to WMDC for development of the house and land. What became of the house in those intervening years? I believe Dr Mitton had a partner, Dr Cole. Did he continue to practice out of Dunkeld? As for Dundalk … Would you believe it is thought to have been a simple administrative error! A misinterpretation? A typo? I wonder if that’s correct … Could be. Or maybe someone was dreaming of Ireland. Who knows … At least four generations of doctors passed through this house.

Anne-Marie Fawcett October 2020


Saturday 28 August 1869

Saturday 23 April 1870


The Hammer and Stithy Public House, Wakefield Road, Streetside in the 1950s.
Painted by Douglas Brammer.


Keepers of Ale houses did their own brewing and water had to be fetched from the well in barrels. Jack Berry regularly took his barrel to the West Well to fill and nearly as often as he did so he had to return home – explaining that he had left ‘t bung ‘oil at home.

Jack Berry
Hare & Hounds
1847 – 1871

Also known as The Old Hare and Hounds

I found this in the Leeds Intelligencer dated Monday 15 January 1816 AMF
I found this in the Huddersfield Daily Chronicle dated Tuesday 25 August 1874 – AMF


Photo: Neville Ashby 1987
Photo: Anne-Marie Fawcett 2022

The census taken in 1931 was destroyed during World War Two and no census was carried out in 1941 due to the ongoing conflict. The 1939 Register was taken on September 29, due to the onset of the war, with the purpose of producing National Identity Cards.

Union Street wraps around The Horse & Jockey and I was recently inspired to use the 1939 Register to take a look at some of the former residents of this area of Dale Street. Union Street still exists today but has changed beyond almost all recognition. Let’s have a walk around and see who was there in 1939.

At number 1 Union Street we meet Agnes Murray and her husband Joseph, a dyer’s labourer. Agnes had lived at Radley Street, another place which no longer exists as it was demolished in the ’50s for the Dimple Well development. Joseph grew up just over the road, on Victoria Street which was also demolished. Agnes and Joseph married in 1920 and the first of their two children was named after Agnes’s mother, Annie Dews, who also lived with them in 1939. At the age of 18 their daughter Annie Murray was a rag sorter, something else she had in common with her grandmother, and also her mother.

At number 2 Union Street we find George William Wrigley. In 1902 George, aged 28, married 34 year old Lydia Ann Dews at Holy Trinity Church. For many years George Wrigley was employed in the textile mills as a rag carboniser, using the gas from sulphuric acid to clean dirty rags. Lydia, whose father Benjamin Dews was a blacksmith at Great Field, had been a rag sorter since she was old enough to work and she continued to work after her marriage. Shop assistant Mary Hepworth lived with the Wrigleys in 1939, but moved to Barnsley the following year when she married Lister Douglas. Lydia Wrigley died in the same year. George stayed at Union Street until he died in 1948.

Number 3 Union Street was the home of the Kilburn family. Elizabeth Wilburn and George Kilburn married in 1897 in Dewsbury and lived at Batley in the early years of their marriage. By 1911 they were living at Binks’ Yard, Dale Street with their two children, Marion and Cecil. In 1939 Marion was 25 and working as a blanket weaver, described as “heavy work”. Marion never married and eventually moved to Dewsbury. However, when she died in 1979 she was returned to Ossett and buried at Holy Trinity Church. The 1939 Register records 23 year old Cecil Vincent Kilburn as a “public service operator” and a volunteer Air Raid Warden. By 1951, still living at 3 Union Street, Cecil owned a taxi business. At the time of his death in 1986, Cecil was living at 122 Towngate and his home on Union Street was long gone.

In 1939 number 4 Union Street was home to David and Mary Moss. They married in 1901 and in 1902 their daughter Gertrude was born. David had worked underground in a Morley coal mine but by 1939 his occupation is described as “general clerk in a cotton cutting machine men’s ? – government work”. A bit of a far cry from the coal face but what could it mean and where could it have been?The next house recorded on the register is number 8, where Fred and Louisa Farnhill lived. Fred was a timekeeper at a builder’s, responsible for keeping a record of the starting and finishing times of the labourers. After their marriage in 1901, they lived at Wheatroyd Terrace and Fred worked as a warehouseman. As a younger man he lived on Dale Street and was a firework maker, probably at the nearby Riley’s Firework factory. It’s not too difficult to imagine that this could be where Fred and Louisa met as the 1901 census states that Louisa lived on Dale Street and was employed as a “pyrotechnic”. Fancier title, same job. I went back a little further to 1891 and found that Louisa, with her family the Jacksons, was then resident at Dale Street, next to the Horse & Jockey. Next to the Jacksons in 1891 is Frederick Spurr and his family and their address is Printing Office Yard, Dale Street. I think this could be where the Ossett Observer had its printing office. I’m dead chuffed as we’ve been trying to work out its location for a few years! On the other side of the pub is Ellis’s Yard with Spurr’s Yard just around the corner.

Back to the 1939 Register and next up is The Horse & Jockey itself and the innkeeper is Bernard Pawson. His wife Annie (Lightfoot), from Thornhill, lost THREE brothers during WW1 – Ernest 1916, Arthur 1917 and Arnold 1917 and her sister, Elizabeth, also died in 1917. Bernard Pawson, aged 53, was an experienced innkeeper, having kept The Globe which was on Bank Street. When the licence for The Globe expired in December 1922, it was transferred to The Horse & Jockey where Bernard and Annie stayed until 1948.

Number 5 Union Street is next on the register. Here we have widowed Mary Ann Gawtrey (Tinker) and her son 17 year old Leonard who is employed as an errand boy at a hardware store. On Christmas Day 1916 Mary Ann, aged 35, had married 33 year old miner William Gawtrey at St Peter’s Church in Horbury. Sounds romantic doesnt it? Yet, in reality, it was most likely one of the few days off that they both had. When William was 12 his mother, Kezia Gawtrey, died at Wakefield Lunatic Hospital (later Stanley Royd) having been admitted in 1896 for threatening to kill her husband and children. Looking back through the census returns I learned that, prior to her marriage, Mary Ann Tinker had worked in a rag mill. I also learned that she was one of 15 children. Tragically 11 of her siblings didn’t survive childhood. Mary Ann was to suffer her own tragedy with the death of her first child, William, whose birth and subsequent death were both registered in January 1918. A second son, Cyril, was born the following year and Leonard arrived in 1922. Life is all too often cruel though and Cyril died at the age of six. More tragedy awaited Mary Ann with the death of her husband William in 1935.

At number 6 we have Rebecca Baines (Law), her husband Harry and their son 26 year old Donald. Harry spent his working life down one pit or another and, in 1939, both he and Donald were employed at a local colliery, probably Northfield. The 1911 census tells us that they are another couple who lost a child in infancy. Sadly that wasn’t the end of their troubles as their son, Stanley, died in 1928, aged just 16. He worked for Northfield Colliery Co and had been off work for six weeks after bumping his head several times on the low ceiling of the pit. Dr La Touche diagnosed middle ear disease and he was admitted to Dewsbury Hospital and died there. However, it was discovered that the cause of Stanley’s death was an abscess on his brain, due to the disease, and was not caused by bumping his head at work.

The final house on Union Street is number 7 and living here in 1939 are Emma and Albert Rawson. In March 1905 Emma Clapham married miner Walter Rawson at St Andrew’s Church in Wakefield. Emma was born on December 23 1884 – the same day I had my daughter (though much later of course!) and I couldn’t help thinking about how different those two births would be. Emma’s first child, May was born in March 1904, and Walter Joseph arrived in 1910. As you might suspect there was a child born between May and Walter Joseph, but he/she didn’t survive. Albert was born in 1924 and the gap in ages between the two boys makes me wonder if there were more children who died in infancy. The family first lived at Dragon Yard which was at Kirkgate in Wakefield but by 1939 they were divided. May married Thomas Hartley in 1929 and in 1939 they were living on the relatively new estate at Lupset. Walter Joseph married Ida Tolson in 1930 and by 1939 he was making a living as a motor driver and living, with Ida, at 99 Wakefield Road, in the Cross Keys area of Flushdyke. But where was Emma’s husband, Walter? It would seem that Walter was living at 49 Belle Vue Road, Agbrigg with widowed Alice Butterworth and her 17 year old son Raymond.

I took a walk around Union Street. I’d have loved to have called into the Horse & Jockey and asked the regulars what they remember of it before it was mostly demolished. It,was closed so instead I just stood a while and tried to imagine it as it must have been in 1939.

Anne-Marie Fawcett 2021


Have you ever noticed this gravestone?

It lays in the churchyard at Holy Trinity. I’ve always been intrigued by the date of Martha’s death. February 31st 1898?? I was also curious about the presence of three people with three different surnames. So I set about trying to satisfy my curiosity. Let’s begin with Dan Craven.

Dan Craven was born at Armley and was the brother of Martha Godley. In 1871, at the age of 27, Dan was living on Dale Street and was employed as a woollen spinner. He was recorded as “unmarried”. Living with him, recorded as a lodger, was 34 year old Elizabeth Milner and her two children; George, aged 10 and Mary, aged four. Elizabeth was recorded as “married”. Dan and Elizabeth married in 1874 and in 1881 they were still at Dale Street. George has the surname “Milner” whilst his sister Mary is “Craven”. What of Elizabeth’s previous husband? In 1853 18 year old Elizabeth Smith, the daughter of stone mason Richard Smith, married Eli Milner, a clothier, at All Saint’s Church, Dewsbury. In 1853 they had a daughter, Mary Jane. Their son George was born in 1860. According to the records, Elizabeth Smith and Elizabeth Milner are the same person. During my research over the years I’ve come across many families where children have been given the same/similar name. The death of a child might be one of the reasons. Less common, might be remarriage and the birth of another child. So then, could this be the case here? Complicated isn’t it?Dan Craven died on April 6th 1913.

Daniel Overend was born at Ossett Streetside in October 1837, the youngest child of John and Hannah née Spurr. In case you want to check if they’re “your” Spurrs, Hannah’s parents were William Spurr and Ann Bedford. John’s parents were Isaac Overend and Mary Speight. Familiar local names. John and Hannah had five other children besides Daniel; Sarah (1823-1897) who married Seth Squires in July 1849 and lived at Greaves Mill Yard; Samuel (1825-1874) who married Emma Wood in May 1847 and they also lived at Greaves Mill Yard (Samuel was a stone mason) ; Mary Ann (1830-1915) who married John Howroyd in March 1854 and lived at Streetside (John was a weaver) ; Mahlah (1833-1867) who never married and lived with her parents; Isaac (1835-1878) who married Anne Mitchell on Christmas Day 1862 and lived on Owl Lane (Isaac was a warehouseman). John, Hannah and most of their children, were buried in the graveyard of Holy Trinity Church.

Daniel Overend married Martha Craven on July 22 1860 at All Saint’s Church, Dewsbury. After their marriage they lived with Martha’s family on Pildacre Lane. The census actually records their address as Pildacre Acre. Was this the error of a distracted enumerator or is there such a place? With the exception of Maria, Martha’s mother who had the job of looking after her family of ten, Daniel and the Cravens were all employed in a local woollen mill. Less than five years after their marriage, Daniel died. He was 27. Martha married for the second time on July 15th 1869 at All Saint’s Church, Dewsbury. Her second husband, Richard Godley (b June 1844), was one of 14 children born to William and Sarah (née Heaton). In 1851 the family were living at 103 Storrs Hill. William was a mason and the older children were all employed in the local mills. Sarah died in 1855 when her youngest child, Heaton, was only four. She and William had been married for 27 years. William married twice more. In January 1858, at the age of 54, he married 53 year old Mary Blakebrough at St James’s, Thornes. Mary died in October 1861. At this time William Godley was still a stone mason and was also the licensee of The Quiet Woman at 28 Storrs Hill Road. In March 1862 William married widow, Lydia Townsend née Glover. In August 1850, at the age of 18, Lydia had married her first husband, George Townsend. They had a daughter together; Ann, born in June 1854. In 1872 Lydia and William had a son together – Arthur. Arthur’s son, Thomas Pyrah Godley, is one of the Ossett Fallen. You can read his biography here.

As we can see from her gravestone, Martha Godley (was Overend née Craven) died in 1898. But the date on the stone says February 31st. How could this have happened? Her husband, Richard Godley was a master stone mason! Was it an error? Or was it deliberate? By the time of Martha’s death, she and Richard had been married for almost 30 years. Perhaps it was a way for Richard to cope with his grief? If the date of Martha’s death didn’t exist then how could it be remembered? I don’t suppose we’ll ever know. Martha actually died on February 28 1898 from “carcinoma of stomach”. Stomach cancer. Cancer treatment in the 19th century consisted of diet, bloodletting and laxatives. Surgery was also used to treat cancer but was extremely painful and had a poor prognosis. One can hardly imagine Martha’s suffering; and that of those closest to her. By 1901 Richard Godley was a boarder in the Rotherham home of iron turner, Charles Bagshaw and his wife Elizabeth. Maybe Richard had moved here with the hope of leaving behind his sad memories of Ossett. I’ve found no further trace of Richard Godley, husband of Martha. One mystery solved and another one created? What could have become of him?

Anne-Marie Fawcett


Extract from details held at the W.Y.A.S. Registry of Deeds, Wakefield. 1.1874 706 269 301

A Memorial of a certain Indenture made the first day of January One thousand eight hundred and seventy four Between Joseph Ashton of Flush Dyke in the Parish of Dewsbury in the said County of York Machine Maker and Broker of the one part and Robert Charles Whitworth and Joseph Whitworth of Heckmondwike in the parish of Birstall in the said County Common Brewers of the other part Of and concerning All those three cottages or dwellinghouses (one of which Cottages is occupied as an Inn and formerly known by the sign of the “Colliers Arms” afterwards by the sign of the “King William the fourth” but now called the “Little Bull” Brewhouse Stable and outbuildings thereto belonging with the garden or parcel of enclosed Ground thereto adjoining and parcel of allotted land sometime since laid thereto situate and being at or on Ossett Common in the Township of Ossett in the parish of Dewsbury aforesaid containing altogether by survey three roods and nineteen perches be the same more or less bounded by the Road there called Teal Town Road etc. etc.

Brian Smith


This image by Julian Gallagher was created for Ossett Through The Ages (OTTA),using two images from two different eras (1960s and 2010s). The Mason’s is now The Tap and the bridge across the road was demolished c1967.

Tombstone tourist, cemetery enthusiast, cemetery tourist, grave hunter, graver, taphophile. All words used to describe an individual who has a passion for graveyards, cemeteries, epitaphs, gravestone rubbing, photography, and the history of deaths. Some say William Shakespeare and Edgar Allen Poe were taphophiles. It would seem I’m in good company then.

This is one of my favourite gravestones at Trinity Church. Saying that, I have many favourites! See Joan’s plan of this graveyard, along with photos of ALL the headstones, here

Before becoming the landlord of the Mason’s Arms in 1920, Arthur Beck had been a miner. A coal hewer in fact; a digger. A tough job! One of ten children, he lived at Howroyd’s Yard, Gawthorpe. Neighbours of the family were Alfred Howroyd, John Cudworth, David Broadhead, Edwin Wormald, Sarah Casson, Benjamin Cooper, Martha Sharpe, and Henry Wilby.

When he was 24 Arthur married 20 year old Annie Ibbottson on July 7 1888 at Holy Trinity Church. Annie was born at Sandy Lane, Horbury Bridge. Her father Richard was also a miner. Perhaps that’s how she and Arthur met. At the beginning of their marriage they lived with Annie’s family on Wakefield Road. There were ten of them in total. They went on to have four children together. Later, they moved to Church Street. As their family grew, they moved again, this time to Intake Lane.

When Arthur died in 1923 Annie became the licensee of the Mason’s Arms. There appears to be no further record of Annie except that she was relieved as licensee in 1926 by William Tafferton Fozzard. Mary Flower was the licensee at the Mason’s 1930-33.

Anne-Marie Fawcett


Outside the Old Malt Shovel, Haggs Hill c1923. The man in the derby hat and a watch chain, in the centre of the group of men, is Bertie Percy Dickens.

Bertie Percy Dickens (seen in the photo above) was 48 years old when he enlisted in the Royal Engineers with service number 600713 in September 1918. That year, during the last months of the war, the Military Service Act raised the age limit to 51; prior to this Act only men aged between 18 and 41 could become soldiers.

Before the war Bertie worked for the General Post Office (GPO)as a telegraphist. The GPO made a significantly important contribution to the British defence and military programmes and the Signals Service of the Royal Engineers was recruited heavily from GPO staff, growing from around 6,000 men in 1914 to upward of 70,000 by 1918. Almost 9,000 of the GPO staff who had joined up never returned home.

However, Bertie did return to his family and his home at Roundwood. His eldest son 22 year old Percy, a miner at Roundwood Colliery, sadly did not. Private Percy Dickens 51262 7th East Yorkshire Regiment, died of wounds on October 25 1918. Sixteen days before the Armistice was signed. He is buried at Mont Huon Military Cemetery Le Treport. The personal inscription on his CWGC headstone was chosen by his father and reads: ONLY THOSE WHO HAVE LOVED AND LOST CAN UNDERSTAND WAR’S BITTER COST. In 1920 Private Percy Dickens’ Service medals were delivered to his father at Eastwood’s Buildings.

On September 27 1941 the Ossett Observer carried a report about the death of Bertie Percy Dickens while on active service during WW2 as a fire-watcher:



At Ossett Town Hall on Thursday, Mr. C.J. Haworth (coroner) investigated the circumstances attending the death of Bertie Percy Dickens (70), 3 Eastwood Buildings, Wakefield Road, Ossett, who passed away suddenly on Monday night.

Charles Dickens, 4 Eastwood Buildings, screen foreman at Roundwood Colliery, said his father, who was a healthy man, had been a fire-watcher at the colliery for the past nine months. He went to his fire-watching duties as normal at 8:45 on Monday night and at about 9:20 he (witness) was fetched to the colliery by the engineer, and found his father lying against the engine house corner. He was alive, but did not speak. He was carried into the fire-watchers’ hut, and Dr. Coad was sent for. On the doctor’s advice he was conveyed to his home, which was nearby, and passed away at 11:30 that same night.


John Arthur Dickenson, 22, Hope Street, Ossett, winding engineman at Roundwood Colliery, said that about 8:50 p.m. on Monday, he saw Dickens coming to his work as a fire-watcher, and noticed him stopping to examine the office windows with his lamp before clocking in. He asked if Dickens was keeping well, and he replied “middling”, but the impression given to him by his tone of voice was that he was not quite normal. Witness went across to the other engine room, and when returning, about 15 minutes later, he found Dickens lying on the ground, apparently in a state of collapse. Being unable to rouse him, he sent for Dickens’s son, and the old man was moved into the hut.

Dr. Coad said he arrived at the hut shortly before 10 p.m., and after examining the man, decided that he should be removed home. He was unconscious and his breathing was heavy and stertorous. He had since made a post-mortem examination and found cerebral haemorrhage. There were slight abrasions on the temple, and each shin, but these had nothing to do with the cause of death, which was purely natural. The other organs of the body were very healthy.


A member of the family raised a point as to the face abrasion, and Dickenson recalled, stated in reply to the coroner that Dickens would no doubt scrape the wall as he fell on to the ground. In answer to the coroner, Dr. Coad said he was quite of the opinion that the fall was due to the haemorrhage and not the haemorrhage to the fall. It was probable that the tone of speech of speech referred to by Dickenson was premonitory to the seizure. A verdict that he died from a cerebral haemorrhage or natural causes was recorded.

Mr. Dickens, who had lived at Roundwood for 35 years, was very well known and much respected. A native of Burton-on-Trent, he came to this district as a telephone fitter in the Wakefield area of the General Post Office, retiring about ten years ago. For the past nine months he had been employed as a fire-watcher at Roundwood Colliery. He leaves a widow, two sons and three daughters, with whom much sympathy is felt. The funeral took place at Alverthorpe Church yesterday.

Percy Dickens and Bertie Percy Dickens died as a result of their service to their country. Neither of them are remembered at The Ossett War Memorial and have been denied their place there by the Ossett War Memorial Group which is a self elected group comprising of the three Ward 11 councillors.

There’s a biography of these men here



Photos from Brendan Hughes.



Extract from details held at the W.Y.A.S. Registry of Deeds, Wakefield. 2.10.1893 32 920 438

Registered at 1.30 in the afternoon 2.10.1893 A Conveyance dated the 2nd day of October 1893 Parties George Morris of 24 Hanson Terrace Primrose Hill Wakefield Post Office Clerk James Blakey of Mark Street Wakefield Tailor Clothier and Alice Walton the wife of John Walton of Berners Street Wakefield of the one part and Beverley Brothers Limited (being a company incorporated under the Companies Acts 1862 and 1886 and carrying on business in Wakefield as Common Brewers and Wines & Spirits Merchants) of the other.

All that plot of land situate at Ossett Low Common in the said City extending in length 13 yards and 2 feet and in breadth 11 yards and containing in the whole 150 1/9 superficial square yards or thereabouts and bounded Westward by the Public Road leading to Ossett aforesaid Southward by land formerly belonging to John Mitchell but now or late to Joseph Thornes and Eastward and Northward by property now or late belonging to Joshua Wilby and also all that building standing on the said plot of land or some part thereof formerly used as a chapel or Meeting House and School Room but many years ago converted into a Beerhouse and called or commonly known by the name or sign of the Prince of Wales and now in the occupation of the Company or their under tenant.

Brian Smith


Harry Cudworth was a Gawthorpe lad, born in 1870 and raised in the village. Throughout his formative years, Harry and his family lived at Howroyd’s Yard, Pepper Alley and High Street. Whilst still at school, Harry began his working life in the mills but later worked underground in a local coal mine. In June 1902 he married Emma Fitton at Wakefield Cathedral and their daughter was born later that year. Emma had been a servant at The Mount, the home of widowed Ellen Hanson and her daughter Julia. Ellen was the widow of George Hanson, the Mayor of Ossett 1892-93.

Harry, Emma and their daughter lived at Bridle Lane and then, in 1924, Harry became the licensee of The Railway Hotel at Flushdyke. The pub was originally named The Old Halfway House but in 1861 Joseph Ashton became the licensee and set about refurbishing it from a beer house into a splendid hotel. Flushdyke Railway opened in 1862 so what better name for Joseph’s “new” hostelry than The Railway Hotel. By 1941 the station at Flushdyke had closed and with it went a lot of the pub’s trade. By 1948 the once smart hotel was in a sorry state, being propped up by stout wooden beams.

The winter of 1947 was particularly harsh and the severe weather caused extensive damage to the hotel when the land around it began to subside. A huge crack appeared in its front wall and travelled the full length of all three storeys. The inside wall between the kitchen and the tap room became twisted and cracked in many places, none of the doors fit properly and customers often struggled to get in or out as the door to the street was practically impossible to open. The sitting room on the first floor was situated over the tap room and some of the cracks between the windows and walls were so wide that daylight could be seen through them. The walls of the staircase were also badly cracked and one side was held together by a large nail.

Living in this almost derelict state was the 84 year old licensee: Harry Cudworth and his wife Emma. Not surprisingly, the conditions were making them ill and Harry was desperate to give up the pub and move to a private house.

In 1954 the licensee was Edwin Tomlinson and on February 14th of that year he was fined when his wife Minnie sold beer to Horace Dews outside of licensing hours. Perhaps Horace was hoping to woo his wife, Joan. It was Valentine’s Day after all. Horace and Joan lived at Phillip’s Hill. I’ve never heard of Phillip’s Hill before but according to the 1939 Register it was on Wakefield Road, next door to the Railway Hotel. Rachel

In 1941, Horace Dews had been awarded the George Medal. Horace’s niece, Pauline, says that it was only at his funeral that his friends learned of Horace’s bravery and his medal when they heard that Horace had “GC” after his name. It would seem then that Horace wasn’t awarded the George Medal but the George Cross. The George Cross is granted when the degree of risk of death is over 90%. NINETY PERCENT. Let that sink in. I’m still trying to comprehend it.

There was a succession of six more licensees after Harry which would indicate that the Railway Hotel limped on for another 14 years. The licence was eventually forfeited in 1962 when the owners gave notice to cease trading. Also in 1962 Harry Cudworth passed away only six months after his wife. His dream of a home had come true and he and Emma lived their final years at 22 Denholm Drive. Harry died at the age of 92 and was buried at Holy Trinity Churchyard with his Emma.

Anne-Marie Fawcett


Walker’s Mill in 1928. You can see Church Street to the top and the Red Lion to the bottom.
Source: Britain from Above


2017. Photo: Anne-Marie Fawcett



Where was the ‘Saw Inn’?
This photo shows the grave stone of John Kay in the yard of Dewsbury parish church. In 1823 he was an inn keeper in Ossett.
On 8th July 1824 there was an auction at the Cooper’s Arms (the house of John Kay) of another un-named public house.
The 1851 census shows the Coopers Arms as being on Back Lane (the old name for Prospect Road, one of two back lanes in the town). The previous census had the address as Kaye Lane. Kaye Lane is an older name for Intake Lane.
At some point in its history the Coopers Arms was rebuilt next to the original inn’s premises, which was an old cottage.
The ‘Saw Inn’ is listed in Baines’ Directory Of The West Riding in 1822, with John Kay as landlord.
I’m looking for evidence to support the theory that the Saw Inn was at the top of Intake Lane, next to the pub we remember as the Coopers Arms. The map is dated 1850.

Neville Ashby



In September 1911 the Ossett Observer reported that property at The Spa was up for auction. Unfortunately there was little interest and all lots were withdrawn from sale.

For a grass field of just under four acres, only £55 was offered. For The Spa Inn and two cottages, the total rental of which was £45, the only bid was £400. For a dwelling house and shop with five cottages on Spa Road, total rental £40 and four cottages with vacant land, let at £21 there were no bids at all.

Anne-Marie Fawcett


I discovered a snippet in an old newspaper which told of the death of Newman Summerscales of Westgate, Wakefield. The headline declared him to be a “Wakefield War Victim”. I was intrigued. So I did a little digging.

Born in 1877 and baptised at St Michael and All Angels, Thornhill on December 8 1877, Newman Summerscales was the eldest son of Lee and his wife Emma (Pye) who had married at Darton Parish Church on April 16 1876. The 1881 census tells us that, at the age of four, Newman lived at Edge Road in Thornhill. His dad, 28 year old Lee, was a coal miner and his mum, 25 year old Emma, stayed at home to look after her husband and their children. Newman had an older sister; Annie born in 1874 – and baptised with Newman in 1877, and two younger siblings; Lily, born in 1879 and Charles, born in 1880.

When the 1891 census was taken, the family were living at Top Row, Woolley where Lee Summerscales was an under manager at a local colliery. Newman, aged 14, was a pit boy. From this census we can see that Newman’s sister, eight year old Eunice, was the first of six Summerscales children to be born in Woolley – George was born in 1884, Violet in 1887, Thomas Gilbert in 1888 (died in 1891) and Ralph in 1890. Another son, Tom Horace, was born in Woolley in 1892. From this information, we might conclude that the family had moved there in around 1883. By 1897 the family had moved to Calder Grove, Crigglestone.

Emma Summerscales was 16 when she gave birth to her first child; she was 42 when she gave birth to her last. Herbert was born at Calder Grove on August 9 1899 and he was little more than a year old when Emma died in the winter of 1900. In 1901 Lee Summerscales was still living at Calder Grove with seven of his children – his daughter Annie had left home when she married Cliff Chappel in October 1897. Newman left the following year when he married Alice Robinson of Horbury. Annie and Newman didn’t move far – they both set up home at Calder Grove.

In 1902, Lee Summerscales married widow Sarah Ann Green and together they had a son, Archie, who was born in Ossett in 1903 and baptised the following year. The address entered on Archie’s baptism record is “Ossett Spa”. In 1910 Lee became a publican and, with his second wife Sarah and their family, lived at The Little Bull on Teale Street.

Lee died on April 12 1911 and Sarah took over as licensee until 1914. At the time of her death, 30 years later, Sarah lived at Moxon Place on the relatively new Lupset estate.

The Spa Inn was only a short walk from The Little Bull and this is where, in 1911, Newman and his wife Alice lived with their children Ernest, born at Calder Grove in February 1901, and Marion, born in Mapplewell in July 1906. Newman is recorded as a “miner and innkeeper”.

In May 1913 Newman Summerscales moved on from Ossett and became the licensee of The White Hart at Westgate End, Wakefield. Tragedy struck only weeks later when Alice Summerscales died after she fell down the stairs and fractured her skull. A verdict of “accidental death” was returned at the inquest. In November Charles Summerscales, Newman’s brother, took over as the licensee. The pub stayed in the Summerscales family until 1943.

In October 1914, just weeks after Britain declared war on Germany, 37 year old Newman Summerscales volunteered and joined the 4th Btn King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (KOYLI). On August 15 1915 Corporal N Summerscales 3067 embarked for France as a part of the British Expeditionary Force. As far as I can tell, Newman’s service record hasn’t survived. Almost 60% of all British service records were destroyed by the Luftwaffe during WWll. His medal card still survives and from this we know his regiment, his rank, when he embarked for France and the medals he was awarded. Newman received the Victory & British medals and the 1915 Star. The card also tells us that Newman was later transferred to the Notts & Derby Regiment and held the rank of Lance Sergeant with the service number 203187. A lance sergeant was paid the same as a corporal but wore the insignia of a sergeant. This was how corporals were tested for possible promotion. Newman later became Acting Sergeant.

In 1917 Newman was injured in battle and was discharged from service on September 20 1918. He was 41 years old.

Newman married Charlotte Scarth Ashton in the winter of 1920. Charlotte, who was baptised at the Wellhouse Chapel, Mirfield on November 10 1872, was the daughter of William Ashton and his wife Charlotte (Clayton). By 1901 the Ashton’s were running a grocer’s shop near to The White Hart at Westgate Common. The shop had been in Charlotte Clayton’s family since at least 1851 as this is where she lived with her maternal aunt Charlotte and her husband, William Scarth, who was a flour dealer. The 1911 census gives us a little more detailed information and tells us that William Ashton was by now a widower, living at 53 Westgate End, just a few doors away from The White Hart. His occupation was that of sub postmaster and news vendor. I think we might easily conclude that William was still in the same house and shop as he was in 1901.

On the 1911 census, Charlotte Scarth Ashton is recorded elsewhere. At this time, at the age of 38, she lived alone at 1 Ashton’s Yard, Westgate End and worked as an assistant to her father.

In 1927 Newman’s daughter, Marion, married Harry Mills, a grocer from Sharlston. The address given by Marion, and recorded in the marriage registry, was: The White Hart Inn. Newman’s occupation is recorded as “miner (retired)”.

On December 29 1933 a short announcement was made in the Leeds Mercury. WAKEFIELD WAR VICTIM “Death from cerebral hemorrhage following atheroma, accelerated by war service” was the verdict at a Leeds inquest on Newman Summerscales (56), of Westgate, Wakefield, who died at the Ministry of Pensions Hospital, Leeds, on Friday.

The hospital was established in WW1 to care for the many limbless service personnel who returned from the trenches. Newman’s wounds received in battle had subsequently meant the amputation of his right leg. Newman’s brother, 34 year old George Summerscales, died on May 27 1918 in a German hospital whilst a prisoner of war. He is remembered at the War Memorial in Ossett’s Market Place. Newman Summerscales did not die in battle, nor as a captive in enemy hands. But, according to the inquest held in 1933, his death was “accelerated by war service”.

The Ossett War Memorial Group has denied Newman Summerscales a place at the Ossett War Memorial. He is one of eight men who meet the criteria for inclusion yet have been rejected by this self elected group made up of three Ossett Ward 11 councillors. Their rejection is based on information supplied to them by one advisor who, historically, has been known to make errors when researching the Ossett Fallen.

Anne-Marie Fawcett



Ossett Observer, Aug 8th 1964: The licensee of the Station Hotel, Mr Sutcliffe, has renamed it ‘The Tawny Owl’. There is no significance in the name, he says “I just made it up”. He was also responsible earlier for the Great Northern Hotel changing its name to The Thorn Tree.

Neville Ashby

The story of Luke Greenwood, Yorkshire county cricketer and pub landlord of Ossett.

Luke Greenwood was a renowned cricketer in the Yorkshire County team in the 1860s and 70s. He later became a publican in Ossett, first at the New Inn (Tawny Owl) and then at the Carpenters Arms.

He was born on June 13 1834 at Cowms, Lepton, and baptised on 8th June 1835 at Kirkheaton. He was the son of Richard Greenwood, a fancy weaver, and his wife Grace
In 1841 he was living at Chapel Row, Lepton, with his parents and siblings Sarah, Job and John Thomas. It appears that their father Richard taught them the trade of ‘fancy weaving’. This would be done by someone skilled enough to weave complex patterns as opposed to a plain weaver who wove only plain cloth. In 1851 the family were all still living at Chapel Row, and now Luke (16), Sarah (27) and John Thomas (18) are all ‘fancy weavers’. Unfortunately their father had died early in 1850.

In 1861 The family were living at Cowms in the parish of Kirkheaton, still fancy weavers but Luke was also following his cricketing interests. (Now living next door to him was his brother Job. Their son Andrew, who was 13 in 1861,would go on to play for Yorkshire from 1869 until 1880.)

In an interview in around 1897, Luke described how he had entered the world of professional cricket: “I saw an advertisement in the papers, that a young man was wanted as a bowler by the Duke Of Sutherland in Staffordshire. I answered the advertisement, and got the appointment. That was in 1858, and I remained there for four seasons. I then went to Lord Lichfield’s, about 18 miles further away, and subsequently to Broughton, Manchester, the latter engagement being the result of my play in a match against the Broughton club. Roger Iddison was engaged at Broughton at the same time, and I was there when he went to Australia. Being drafted into county and English cricket, I did not take club engagements afterwards, but fulfilled coaching appointments in the Spring of each year at Winchester, Rugby, Stoneyhurst, Dublin University and so on.”

On 28th May 1866 Luke Greenwood was a member of the All England Eleven team which came to Ossett to play a three day match in a field adjoining the railway line. The team they played against was made up of 22 local cricketers, and it may have been this match where Luke first came to Ossett and gained an affection for the place after staying a couple of nights. A few weeks later he was married to Amelia Jessop at Kirkheaton parish church on 25th June 1866. Amelia was also from Lepton, the daughter of coal miner John Jessop.

In 1871 Luke and Amelia had their own home at Common End, Lepton, and two children, John Herbert (2) and Polly (9 months). Amelia had now also taken up the occupation of fancy weaving. However Luke’s cricketing career was soon to take second place, as by around 1877 they had taken the New Inn, Ossett. (Later re-named the Station Hotel, then the Tawny Owl.) They also had another daughter, 7 year old Grace.

By August 1887 Luke was at the Carpenters Arms. Apart from being a publican he had maintained his interest in cricket as well as having other passions. He often exhibited his smooth haired collie at dog shows, and in1888 he and a few friends started an annual horse show in Ossett. In 1896 he was still at the Carpenters Arms when he was declared bankrupt.

On Tuesday 3rd November 1896 he appeared before the Dewsbury bankruptcy court. He told the court he had been a professional cricketer before becoming a publican. All had been fine until 10th May 1886 when the Carpenters Arms was sold to Fernandes Brewery, Wakefield, after which date he had to take his ale from them. He blamed his failure on having to pay too much for the beer he sold, and not receiving a discount on the spirits. He believed his business had gone downhill over the past two or three years after the quality of the brewery’s beer had deteriorated. He said that to support him and his family the pub would have to take around £1000 annually. In 1894 it took £745, and since then the takings had dropped dramatically. During his time as a publican he claimed to have never once had a glass of intoxicating drink.
The local press threw their full support behind him. The Yorkshire Post claimed that he had been thrown without resources upon the charity of his relatives who were not ‘well to do’. They said that it would be a good thing for him to be employed by a cricket club as a groundsman to help him out.

In an interview with the press later in November he said he had been in the Carpenters for the last 15 or 16 years. Local cricketers had sometimes gathered there to hear something of the battles of the giants in the early days of county cricket.
In December 1896 a subscription had been raised in Huddersfield in support of Luke, and a fund had been started in Ossett. On the 12th of that month he received a purse of gold at the annual dinner of the Brighouse Cricket, Bowling & Cycling Club. In April 1897 Charles Bradley, a renowned Huddersfield athlete, raised with the help of the press £26-5-9 for him. The Yorkshire County Cricket team voted to give him a winter allowance, which he received up until his death.

In around 1899 he moved to Fountain Street in Morley, where he worked as the groundsman for Morley Cricket Club, possibly as a result of the suggestion by the Yorkshire Post earlier. His children came with him, with John Herbert finding work as a labourer in a stone quarry.

While he was living in Morley he was a familiar face at many Yorkshire cricket club matches. He walked as far as Bradford, Leeds and Huddersfield to see the team play, and when the game was over he would walk back home.

He died just after midnight on 2nd November 1909. He had a heart condition and his eyesight was failing, and he had been confined to his bed for the two weeks leading up to his death. He was buried in Kirkheaton parish churchyard, a short distance from where he grew up and developed an interest in the game which would see him remembered by many, and which would see his funeral reported in newspapers around the country.

He learned the game at Lascelles Hall, a renowned cricket nursery near his birthplace, after developing an affection from the game he played in the lanes of his childhood. Lascelles Hall Cricket Club still exists today and was founded in 1825. It is one of the oldest cricket clubs in England, and certainly the oldest in the Kirklees area.

During his cricketing career he was described as an excellent batsman and a hard hitter, as well as a straight round armed bowler. Between 1861 and 1875 he played 51 matches for Yorkshire, scoring 1006 runs, and took 85 wickets. His highest innings was 83 against Surrey in 1875 on the Bramall Lane ground in Sheffield. In 1874 Yorkshire won ten of the fourteen matches played, and Luke was the team captain. He only bowled one ‘wide’ during his whole career, and that was after a thunderstorm at The Oval. When practicing at home he had a basin full of soil buried so just the rim was showing. The object was to try and pitch the ball so it bounced within the circle of the rim.

He had many tales to tell about his career with Yorkshire. One day he was bowling against another well respected cricketer of the day, W. G. Grace. He sent the ball down towards the wicket, and Grace caught it well with his bat, sending it out of the field. There was a custom at the time that anyone finding a lost ball during a match was paid a shilling. An old lady found the ball and went across the pitch to Luke, but he said ‘nah, yon’s him that hit it, yo mun go to him for t’ brass’. She crossed over to Grace and gave him the ball, much to his amusement. He paid her the shilling.
Apart from playing with and captaining the Yorkshire team, he also played at times for Marlborough, Winchester and Rugby public schools. After his time as an active player Luke went on to umpire many matches, including the first three visits to England by the Australian team.

Neville Ashby for Ossett Through The Ages (OTTA)

An Ossett Grammar School reunion c.1975 at the Tawny Owl.
L to R Kathleen Smith, Sylvia Robinson, Marina Bentley, Jean Davis, Joyce Pickard, Alice Fielden, Nancy Richardson, Sylvia Hunter & teacher Mr Tom Clark.

Thanks to Joyce Petty (Pickard) for the photo.


The Thorn Tree probably dates back to the Beer Act of 1830 when it was a beerhouse called “The Thorn”, where the licensee brewed his or her own ale on the premises with water drawn from the town’s wells. The Fligg family were the licensees through to 1877.

No stringent or strictly applied licensing laws restricted the sale of alcoholic beverages and anyone who cared to pay excise duties could keep a beerhouse. As a result, there were many beerhouses and “stiff-shackle” shops in Ossett, the latter establishments at which “stiff-shackle”, a sort of light beer was sold at three halfpence per quart.

A popular drink, especially with women and children was called “small beer”. This beverage was made from a second brewing of the malt and hops, which had already been used once in the making of ale and, consequently, small beer was even cheaper, at three pence for a bucketful. All these varieties of beer were considerably safer to drink than much of the well water in Ossett that they had been made from. Because of the need to boil the “mash” of water, malt and hops in the process of brewing the various types of beers, any bacteria lurking in Ossett’s usually polluted well water was killed off.

In September 1874, the railway came to Ossett and the name of the Thorn was changed to the far grander “Great Northern Hotel”, presumably after the railway company. The Great Northern Hotel advertised “wines and spirits of the finest quality, billiards and good stabling”. The Great Northern Hotel was not granted a Publicans (Full) Licence until August 1878, and only then because the fully licensed house, The Hare and Hounds had ceased trading in 1873 and had been demolished in 1875. Cock fighting, prize fighting, bull baiting and dog fights were all popular pastimes in Ossett before they were prohibited by law. The Hare and Hounds in Queen Street was a centre for these “sporting” activities, although cock fighting and dog fighting were common at every public house in Ossett during the summer months. At the old Hare and Hounds, bare fist prize fighting was popular, particularly among patrons.

During WW2, the cellars of the Great Northern Hotel were designated for use as air raid shelters “for those persons caught out in the street during an air raid.” Luckily, for the residents of Ossett, apart from one air raid on September 21 1940, when a German bomber jettisoned ten high explosive bombs and a few incendiaries, the town escaped any further damage.

In April 1961, the Great Northern Hotel was renamed “The Thorn Tree Inn” after being bought out by Scottish and Newcastle Breweries.

Steve Wilson

According to Ethel Tetley, 34 The Green, which was originally known as Thorn Tree Cottage, was where some of the first cloth in Ossett was woven and then carried to Leeds on the weaver’s back. In April 1950 the Ossett Observer spoke to Mrs Tetley and she told them how the bedroom and kitchen of the almost 300 year old cottage were destroyed during a storm. At 10pm 80mph gales first tore down a lean to shed which then caused the rest to collapse. Situated in a narrow entry, the cottage was earmarked for demolition before the war. Mr Tetley, a railway shunter, was working the night shift and knew nothing of the event until he returned home. Neighbours, Mrs Vickers and Mr Dickinson were there to rescue the lady from the wreckage.

Anne-Marie Fawcett
Thorn Tree Cottage after the storm.

At the house of John Taylor, the Great Northern Hotel, Ossett cum Gawthorpe, on Friday the 7th day of July 1882 on view of the body of David Pickard, deceased.

Anne, the wife of Benjamin Illingworth of Green Mount, The Green, Ossett, overlooker in a woollen mill, says: We have been living with deceased and his sister. His wife died 5 or 6 years ago. He has been strong and healthy. He went to Leeds on Tuesday and Wednesday. He returned to dinner and then set off to the mill. He got home at night about a quarter past 8 o’clock and then had tea and smoked as usual. About ½ past 11 o’clock he came into the kitchen and talked to his sister and me. He had a glass of whisky according to his regular custom. He seemed to be cheerful and well. He was generally called up about ½ past 8 o’clock in the morning. I was with my husband when the servants said they could not wake him. My husband had gone to bed before 11 o’clock last Wednesday night and had got up about 6 o’clock yesterday morning and had come in to his breakfast about a quarter past 8 o’clock. His son, George Pickard who is 11 years old had been to deceased’s room and said that his father was fast asleep. The said Benjamin Illingworth says:I have been deceased’s foreman for the last 15 years. He was 52 years old and a woollen cloth manufacturer. About 10 o’clock last Wednesday night he walked through the kitchen and appeared to be in good health and spirits. His mill is at Horbury Bridge and his shop’s at Ossett. While I was getting my breakfast about ½ past eight o’clock yesterday morning I heard the servant calling to deceased that it was time to get up. She came into the kitchen and sent his son up to him. When he came downstairs again I went up to deceased’s room and after speaking twice I went in. Deceased was lying on his left side and straight out in bed and apparently asleep. I touched him to wake him up and then found he was dead but not cold. I did not observe that anything was disturbed. He was very industrious and had a very good business. Martha, the wife of Seth Heald of The Green, cloth handloom weaver, says:Deceased was a strong and active man. I frequently saw him. Yesternoon I helped to lay out his body which is stout and in good condition. Verdict: Found dead from natural causes.

The mill mentioned was a textile mill at Horbury Bridge, but there was also another mill in Ossett – Manor Mill where David was in partnership with Mark Wilby. Built in 1854, it was used for rag grinding and scribbling and, at one stage, employed over 200 people. When David Pickard died suddenly in July 1882 Mark Wilby carried on the business alone but by 1893 Andrew Pickard had joined him. David and Andrew were the brothers of Hannah Pickard of Green Mount, The Green, Ossett.

Anne-Marie Fawcett


In July 1962, a public notice was circulated in the town and the Ossett Observer reported that an application had been made to build a new public house at the junction of Queen’s Drive and Towngate in Ossett. The new pub was to be named The Yorkshire Hussar. However, the grant of a licence was conditional on the surrender of the existing licence for The Commercial in South Ossett (often referred to as “Jinny’s”).

The new pub was opened nearly ten years later in April 1971 and Tony Nicholson, the Yorkshire cricketer, was guest speaker at the opening. However, the pub was not named The Yorkshire Hussar, but instead The Two Brewers.

After the closure of the Two Brewers, Ben and Benjie Marshall took over the former pub and opened Malagor Fine Thai Cuisine in 2011.

The pub that never was. Early 1960s drawing of the intended ‘Yorkshire Hussar’ pub in Queens Drive. The plan was shelved and the Two Brewers was built instead. Thanks to Neville Ashby.



©️ Dave Guilfoyle 2010



SUNDRY NOTES re PUBS (from the Ossett Observer)

6 Aug 1864 Drunk & disorderly. William Kilburn was apprehended on last Thursday night by P.C. Slater for being drunk and creating a disturbance at the “Quiet Woman” public house, South Ossett.

3 Sep 1864 An inquest was held on Monday at the Old Cooper’s Arms, by T. Taylor Esq. coroner, on view of the body of James Dews. Deceased was 86 years of age, and had attempted to commit suicide the previous Thursday by cutting his throat. The jury found a verdict of “Attempt to commit suicide in a state of dotage”.

10 Sep 1864 At the Victoria Inn – a miscellaneous concert was given. The proprietor, Mr H. Smith of the Three Tuns Music Hall, Wakefield, had engaged some very good talent for the purpose.

17 Dec 1864 An interesting lecture was delivered last Saturday evening in the Lodge Rooms of the Victoria Inn, South Ossett, by Mr. T. Wood of Dewsbury, who spoke on “Robin Hood”.

25 Feb 1865 An accident of a very serious nature occurred to Mr. Walker, landlord of the Flying Horse on Saturday the 18th inst. In returning from Wakefield in his conveyance he was thrown out on to a heap of dross and very much injured about the head.

4 Mar 1865 The Conquering Heroes Club. On Tuesday the 20th anniversary of this Club was celebrated by what our informant designated (and he ought to know because he participated in the enjoyment) a most sumptuous dinner at the Cooper’s Arms Inn, provided by the worthy host Mr. Benjamin Brook. Everyone, we are informed, was delighted by the report read by the Secretary, Mr. Jonethan Clafton. It transpired that in 20 years they have only lost 4 members and that they have in hand about £110, the securities of which are held by Mr. Joseph Ellis, bookseller. Mr. George Boocock is Treasurer.

11 Mar 1865 Transfer of licence. Application was made by Mrs Jagger, widow of the late John Jagger, Royal Hotel, Ossett, for the transfer of her husband’s licence to her. Granted.

5 Aug 1865 [Printing quite faint]. The Local Government Act for Ossett. A public meeting was held on Monday at the Cock & Bottle Inn, at which a goodly number of gentlemen were present. The object of the meeting was to get up a requisition to the Church Wardens, desiring them to call a special meeting of ratepayers for the purpose of determining whether or not the town of Ossett should enjoy such advantage as other towns by the adoption of the Local Government Act, &c.

5 Aug 1865 A sale by auction at the premises of Mr. Gamwell Cudworth at the Bull’s Head Inn, Ossett, of valuable Sizeing Plant, recently the property of Mr. Simon Schofield. &c.

12 Aug 1865 At Dewsbury Court House. Transfer of licence. William Hallas applied to
the Bench to have the licence transferred from George Pawson to himself.
The magistrates asked the usual questions, which were satisfactorily
answered – and renewed the licence.

12 Aug 1865 Provisional Transfer of licence. Gamwell Cudworth of Ossett applied to the magistrates to have the licence of the Bull’s Head Inn transferred from
Simon Schofield to himself until the Brewster Sessions. Two or three
testimonials were produced by the applicant, which were deemed quite
satisfactory and their worships granted the licence.

2 Sep 1865 Selling drink during prohibited hours. John Cudworth, beerhouse keeper,
Good Samaritan Inn, Ossett Streetside, pleaded guilty to a charge of
selling drink in his house on Sunday the 27th ult., during prohibited hours.
Sgt. Bland said he visited the house at 12.15 (noon) and found several
men drinking. Defendant had been fined 3 times for similar offences in the
past 12 months. The Bench imposed a fine of 40/-+ costs.

23 Sep 1865 Annual Supper. The members of Healey Fire Brigade had their 32nd annual supper on Saturday evening last at John Gawthorpe’s The Miller’s Arms.
After the cloth was withdrawn sacred music was sung by T. Pollard who
was accompanied by his brother on the piano. After spending a pleasant
evening, the party broke up about 11 p.m.

30 Sep 1865 At Dewsbury Court, the adjourned Brewster Session the licence of the
Bull’s Head Inn, Ossett, was transferred to Gamwell Cudworth.

21 Oct 1865 The Annual Supper of the Victoria Cricket Club was held on Monday night
at Mr Jacob Clay’s, &c. (Carpenter’s Arms).

25 Nov 1865 A Special Meeting of the Ossett Board of Surveyors was held on Monday
night at the Cock & Bottle Inn.

13 Jan 1866 Inquest at the Bee Hive Inn on Edward Banks who was accidentally killed
at Low Laithes when, towards the evening, his cousin, James Aliffe discharged a
walking stick gun. Edward Banks was a native of Wiltshire, but had
relations in Ossett.

27 Jan 1866 Inquest at Carpenter’s Arms on Mary Ann Dixon, aged 3 yrs 6 mths,
daughter of Mr Isaac Dixon, who was burned when her clothes caught fire.

3 Feb 1866 An inquest held at the Fleece Inn, Horbury, before Mr T. Taylor, coroner,
on the body of Nathaniel Illingworth of South Ossett, aged 69 years. The
evidence went to show that the deceased had been at the Green Man Inn
between Ossett and Horbury sometime on Monday night, and left about
half past nine with the intention of returning home. It would seem however,
that instead of turning to the right when he left the public house, he turned
to the left and thus got on the wrong track. When he had gone a few
hundred yards from the Green Man it is supposed that he had fallen and
was unable to rise, and expired from the cold.
The Green Man became the Halfway House (Horbury).

10 Feb 1866 A sale of property took place at the Carpenter’s Arms last Monday night.

19 May 1866 On Monday, at the Police Court, Dewsbury, Andrew Wilby of Ossett Spa, ap peared for permitting gambling in his house. He was fined 20/- & costs. (Spa Inn).

18 Aug 1866 Licence to keep drunken men. At the Dewsbury Police Court on Monday, before Mr J.S. Hurst, J.H. Greenwood and W. Carr Esq,, Andrew Wilby, beerhouse keeper, Spa Inn, Ossett, was charged with permitting drunkenness in his house. &c.

1 Sep 1866 Isaac Westerman, who keeps the King William Inn, Ossett, sought at the Brewster Sessions, Dewsbury, on Monday, to get the new licence for a new and more commodious house to which he had just moved. He intended to give up the old licence.

8 Sep 1866 A cab for hire. Anyone in Ossett requiring a Cab may have one at a moment’s notice at the Bull’s Head Inn. Proprietor Mr Gamwell Cudworth.

20 Oct 1866 Nuisance Inspector. On Monday evening, Mr Thomas Harrop, late innkeeper, was elected to the office of Nuisance Inspector by the Custodians of the Poor, meeting at the Royal Hotel.

3 Nov 1866 Miners meeting. Miners on strike held a meeting at Gawthorpe on Wednesday evening at the Shoulder of Mutton Inn, at which Mr Thomas Lonsdale presided.

17 Nov 1866 The Annual Supper given by the Healey Old Mill Co. was served up at the Cooper’s Arms Inn on Saturday evening last. &c.

19 Jan 1867 Yesterday afternoon, John Wilby (54), blind basketmaker, choked himself whilst eating bread and meat at the Carpenter’s Arms. He was intoxicated at the time. Dr Frame was immediately sent for (details &c) but could not save him.

2 Feb 1867 The Railway employees supper. The servants in the employ of the Great Northern Railway Company had their annual supper on the 25th ult., at the Carpenter’s Arms Inn, to which they invited a few townsmen. A good supper was provided by Mr Jacob Clay. &c.

16 Feb 1867 Death of a child from burning. An inquest was held on Monday evening at the Weavers Inn, South Ossett, touching the death of Edward Teale, aged 1 year and 11 months, who died on the 9th inst., from injuries received by burning on the previous day.

20 Apr 1867 Ossett Board of Surveyors. The usual fortnightly meeting of this Board was held at the Cock & Bottle Inn on Wednesday night.

27 Apr 1867 The Good Intent Lodge. The Members of the above lodge (Grand United Order of Oddfellows) held their annual feast day on Easter Monday at the Hare & Hounds Inn, Ossett. A fine dinner was provided for upwards of 120 members who did ample justice to the roast beef and mutton so well served up by the host and hostess (Mr & Mrs John Berry), who gave great satisfaction as usual.

27th April 1867 Rose of Sharon Lodge. On Monday last members of the above lodge (Ancient Shepherds, Ashton Unity) celebrated their fifteenth anniversary at the house of Mr Samuel Hartley, Travellers Rest Inn, Ossett.

4 May 1867 Lecture on Sign Boards. A lecture was delivered in the Zion Room, Gawthorpe, on Monday night by the Rev. James Hall of Ossett, on public house signboards. Mr J.R. Beckett presided. The lecturer classified the different signboards under the heads of – the ludicrous, the wonderful, the terrible, and the instructive. The lecture was of both an amusing and serious character, and was listened to by the audience, which was pretty large, with marked attendance. The usual votes of thanks were passed, and at the close of the meeting a petition for the closing of public houses on Sunday was numerously signed.

4 May 1867 Report of the Gawthorpe Temperance Society.

29 Jun 1867 Dewsbury Working Mens Conservative Association. A meeting in connection with this association will be held at the house of Mr Benjamin Brooke, the Cooper’s Arms Inn, Ossett, on Thursday the 4th July next, 8 pm.

4 Jul 1867 A public house quarrel. Some few weeks ago a quarrel took place at the George Inn, Ossett, between Thomas Dews and Joshua Riley, when the former got his leg broken, and yesterday the parties appeared at the Dewsbury Police Court to have their grievances settled. Mr Breary of Dewsbury appeared for the defendant, and Mr Ibberson of Dewsbury for the complainant. When the case was called on for trial a consultation took place, and it resulted in a compromise by which the defendant was required to pay £3 and costs to the complainant.

2 Nov 1867 Sale of valuable estate at Ossett, came under the hammer at the Cooper’s Arms.

16 Nov 1867 Important to innkeepers and others. It is provided by the County Courts Act, 1868, that no action shall be brought, or be maintainable, in any Court, to recover any debt or sum of money alleged to be due in respect of the sale of any ale, porter, beer, cider or perry, which after the 1st day of January next is consumed on the premises where sold or supplied, or in respect of any money or goods lent or supplied, or of any security given for, in, or towards the obtaining of any such ale, porter, beer, cider or perry.

25 Jan 1868 Annual Supper to John Pepper & Co’s employees. The staff of this firm, together with their friends, held their annual supper on the evening of the 17th. inst. at the George Inn, Ossett.

1 Feb 1868 Various statistics of intemperance, mainly for the years 1856 – 65.

8 Feb 1868 Advert. Sale of property Ossett Street Side. To be sold by auction by Mr Wilkinson at the Flying Horse Inn, Ossett, Street Side, on the 10th day of February 1868 at 6 o’clock in the evening, 2 cottages & dwelling houses.

15 Feb 1868 Beerhouse offence at Ossett. On Monday last, at the Dewsbury Police Court before Messrs Greenwood, Firth, and Carr, Joseph Nightingale, beerhouse keeper, Ossett Spa, was charged with having 2 men in his house drunk and asleep on the 3rd instant. &c. (P.C. Fiddler made charge). [Note – this would be the “Spa Inn”.]

22 Feb 1868 Drunk and refusing to leave. At the Dewsbury Court House yesterday, Samuel Audsley appeared at the investigation of P.C. Fiddler on a charge of being drunk and refusing to leave the “Manor House” public house, South Ossett. Fined 10/- and costs. (Never heard of this one before.)

18 Apr 1868 Transgression of the Law at Ossett. At the Dewsbury Police Court yesterday, before Messrs C.H. Firth, Joshua Ellis and Mr Akroyd, Rufus Goodare was charged at the instance of P. C.’s Fiddler & Barker, with permitting drunkenness in his house, the Railway Tavern, on the 11th inst. Pleaded guilty and was fined 20/- and costs.

7 Jun 1868 A caution to unruly tiplers. On Monday last, at the Dewsbury Police Court, William Batley and Frank Thurlow were charged at the instance of Joseph Nightingale, landlord of the Spa Inn, Ossett, with being drunk and refusing to leave his house when required to do so on the 22nd May last. Batley was acquitted but Thurlow was fined 10/- plus costs.

29 Aug 1868 The Dewsbury Brewster Sessions. These unusual sessions were held on Monday. All the publicans in the district were called up, and those who had been fined in the course of the year were admonished.

12 Sep 1868 Opening a new lodge at Ossett. On Saturday evening last a somewhat unusually gay and grotesque scene was presented in the streets of Ossett by a procession of the Ancient Order of Druids. The members met at the lodge room, George Inn, at 5 o’clock, where a procession was formed which was headed by four men on horseback, and preceded by a brass band. &c. They went on to the Victoria Inn, South Ossett, where they went through the usual ceremony of opening the lodge.

1 Nov 1868 Permitting Sunday drinking at Ossett. Mr Benjamin Fothergill, Ossett Common, was charged yesterday at the Dewsbury Police-court with having his house open on Sunday last against the tenor of his licence. P.C. Fiddler gave the information. He said that he visited the house on the day in question and found four men present with glasses of ale before them. Defendant stated that they had come to pay him for some potatoes and he had given them the ale. In consideration of having kept a house for 18 years, and not being before the Bench in the whole of that time, they only fined him 10/- and costs. [Fleece Inn].

28 Nov 1868 Last night an inquest was held at the Miller’s Inn, Healey, by Mr. T. Taylor, coroner, on view of the body of Joseph Rhodes, aged 47 years. &c. The verdict was “Found drowned without any marks of violence”. 1

9 Dec 1868 Meeting of mill operatives at Ossett. On Saturday night last a meeting of mill operatives was held in the George Inn. A deputation of factory workers from Dewsbury attended to state the object of the movement, &c.

9 Jan 1869 Explosion of gas at the Cooper’s Arms, Ossett. On Thursday morning about 8 o’clock, an explosion of gas took place at Mr B. Brookes. It appears that the tap in the bar had only been partly turned off, and the gas had been escaping all night. One of the servants went in on Thursday morning with a lighted candle to draw some beer, and the gas ignited and exploded. A glass portion of the door was completely blown out, two panes of glass in the windows in the yard were blown out, the window curtains were burned and a sealed door was blown open, somewhat injuring Mr Albert Speight who was sitting upon the back-door step at the time. The girl’s face and shoulders were burned, but a beer machine and a rack of glasses were not dislocated or in any way disturbed.

13 Feb 1869 On Monday last at the Dewsbury Police Court, Rufus Roebuck Goodair, beerhouse keeper, Little Town End, Ossett, appeared on remand charged with permitting drunkenness in his house on Saturday, January 30th. The policeman found about twenty men in the taproom, and others fighting and drunk. The defendant said “Have a pint of beer, and overlook this matter”. I refused to do so. The defendant’s wife then asked me to take a cigar. I said that I did not want either a cigar or beer. Defendant was fined 40/- and the costs. [Note – “Railway Tavern”.]

20 Feb 1869 An inquest was held at the Weaver’s Arms Inn, South Ossett, on Thomas Illingworth, Victoria Street, who had burned himself to death whilst suffering delirium tremens.

27 Feb 1869 Treat to Workpeople. On Saturday night, Messrs Langley & Sons of the Bottom Field Mill, Ossett, gave an excellent treat to their workpeople, about 30 in number. A very sumptuous tea was provided at the “Travellers Inn”, where the hands were entertained, &c. The object of the treat was to celebrate the introduction of power looms into Messrs Langley’s mill.

13 Mar 1869 Formation of a Liberal Registration Association at Ossett. Ever since the General Election a Liberal Registration Association has been in process of formation, and now it is fully organised and met for the first time on Monday night last at the Cock & Bottle Inn, to start its duties. Details of officers are given.

17 Apr 1869 Long Editorial regarding the Permissive Prohibitory Liquor Bill. About a public meeting that has been held in Ossett – various people signing a petition against the Bill going through parliament. It is aimed “.. under the auspices of the United Kingdom Alliance for the supression of the liquor traffic”.

15 May 1869 An inquest was held at the Victoria Inn on Sarah Ann White, aged 17, who died on the 10th instant. It was rumoured that she had taken poison, but this was discounted by the medical examiner.

10 Jul 1869 A drunk and indecent landlord. Yesterday, Rufus Roebuck Goodare of Ossett, landlord of the Railway Tavern, appeared before the magistrates at Dewsbury on a charge of being drunk and indecent at Little Town End on July 2nd. The charge was preferred by P.C. Bartle, who said that when on duty at twenty minutes past eleven on the day in question, he heard a noise and proceeded to “Little Lane” (Lands Fold) when he found the defendant drunk and using indecent language to a woman who was passing at the time. Defendant pleaded guilty and was fined 7/6 and costs.

24 Jul 1869 At the Dewsbury Police Court on Friday week David Dews was charged by P.C. Fiddler with being drunk and refusing to leave the Weavers Inn, South Ossett, on Saturday July 10th. He was fined 7/6 and costs. On the same day William Holdsworth was charged with being drunk and riotous on the 12th July at South Ossett. He was fined 7/6 and costs. George Howgate, landlord of the Good Samaritan beerhouse, was fined 20 shillings and costs for permitting drunkenness in his house on the 11th July.

26 Aug 1869 Dewsbury Brewster Sessions. At the above Sessions held at the West Riding Police Court, Dewsbury on Tuesday last, all the licences for Ossett, both beer and spirits, were renewed with the exception of Henry Smith’s, William Ayliffe’s and Rufus Goodare’s, the latter being deferred to the adjourned Brewster Sessions on Sept. 27th.

18 Sept 1869 On Thursday Mr Taylor, honor and county coroner, held an inquest at the Little Bull Inn, Ossett Common, over the body of a coal miner, 30 years old, named Joseph Crabtree.

6 Nov 1869 Ossett Board of Surveyors had their fortnightly meeting at the Cock & Bottle Inn as usual.

13 Nov 1869 At the Dewsbury Police Court yesterday, Benjamin Siswick, Henry Brown and Edward Archer were charged with being drunk and refusing to leave the Weavers Inn, South Ossett, at two o’clock on the morning of the 6th instant. P.C. Fiddler had to be called in to eject them. They were fined 20/- and costs in each case.

20 Nov 1869 On Tuesday night, Mr T. Taylor, coroner, held an inquest at the Travellers Inn into the sudden death of Honor Mitchell, a poor old lone Irish woman who had lived in Knowles Yard, Streetside, Ossett, and who was found dead in her house on Monday morning last. Verdict of the Jury – “Died from natural causes”.

4 Dec 1869 Mention that Thomas Day was the landlord of the Spinners Arms, Chickenley Heath.

5 Feb 1870 The use of strong drink in hospital. We suppose that no-one will assert that all the strong drink used in hospitals is legitimately employed. The Lancet acknowledges that so much is left to dressers and house surgeons who have but small experience that the great advantage arises from the occasional hints of an experienced and watchful officer. Even the staff frequently continue the use of wines and spirits longer than needful, from simple ineptitude, and occasionally they order them to an extent which a little consideration would reduce. &c.

12 Mar 1870 Ossett Treat to Workpeople. Mr William Gartside’s employees were presented with 2lbs of pork each, and the men to the number of 33 were provided with a supper at the George Inn.

23 Apr 1870 An Ossett man not fit for a license. At the Dewsbury Police Court yesterday, John Briggs, keeper of a beerhouse at Ossett, was told by magistrate, Mr. Greenwood, that he is not fit to have a license, and he would remember him when he came up at Brewster Sessions. [Note – “Weavers Arms”].

23rd April 1870 Sudden death at Ossett. On Wednesday night an inquest was held by Mr T. Taylor at the Shoulder of Mutton Inn, when it was decided that Henry Heptonstall, aged 42, a labourer, died from natural causes.

23rd April 1870 Ossett Lodge Festival. The members of the Grand United Order of Oddfellows of Apollo Lodge No. 83, met on Easter Monday at Mrs Jagger’s, the Royal Hotel Inn, Ossett, to celebrate their 47th anniversary, when about 100 members sat down for an excellent dinner provided by the worthy hostess. &c.

23rd April 1870 United Order of Ancient Druids of Ossett. The fourth anniversary of the Rose of England Lodge, No 456, was celebrated on Easter Monday at the house of Mr Joseph Smith, Fleece Inn, Ossett Common, by a substantial dinner which had been prepared in first-rate style by the host. &c.

23rd April 1870 The Good Samaritan Lodge, Ossett. The annual meeting of the Good Samaritan Lodge of the Independent Order of Oddfellows, Manchester Unity, was held on Monday at the Cock & Bottle Inn, when 97 financial members dined together. &c.

23rd April 1870 Nymph Lodge No 34, United Ancient Order of Druids. The anniversary of this Lodge was held at the George Inn on Monday last, when an excellent dinner was served up by the host and hostess.

23rd April 1870 Ossett landlords beware. Edwin Woodcock, keeper of the Good Samaritan Inn, Ossett Streetside, was charged with violating the law. &c.

14 May 1870 Edwin Woodcock, keeper of the Good Samaritan Inn, Ossett, was yesterday summoned before the West Riding magistrates at Dewsbury for permitting drunkenness in his house on Sunday night last. The case however was adjourned until Monday next.

18 Jun 1870 Transfer of Licence. William Robinson applied to the West Riding magistrates at Dewsbury on Monday last for a transfer of a licence for a beerhouse in Owl Lane, Ossett, recently kept by William Cooper. Application – granted. [Note – “Royal Oak”].

18 Jun 1870 A desperate character. At the Dewsbury Police Court yesterday, William Sir, a labourer of Ossett, was charged with being drunk and disorderly at Ossett on the 14th instant. P.C. Urmston stated that defendant was drunk and disorderly in the street on Tuesday night last, and he ordered him to go away, but he went into the Hare & Hounds Inn, where he created a disturbance.

18 Jun 1870 Selling beer during prohibited hours. At the Dewsbury Police Court yesterday, William Ayliff, beerhouse keeper, Ossett, was charged with selling beer during prohibited hours. [Note – “Railway Tavern”].

30 Jul 1870 The Ossett Board of Surveyors now meet at the George Inn. 6 Aug 1870 At the Dewsbury Police Court on Monday James Hartley, Ossett, applied for a provisional transfer of the Red Lion Inn, from John William Clafton to himself. Granted.

3 Sep 1870 Horbury – “Sportsman” now to be called “Cricketer’s Arms”.

22 Oct 1870 On Monday last at the West Riding Police Court, Dewsbury, John Lockwood, landlord of The Bull Inn, Ossett, was charged with knowingly permitting drunkenness on the 11th inst.

12 Nov 1870 At the W.R. Police Court on Monday last, Joseph Wood asked for, and obtained, a transfer of the licence of the Hammer & Stithy recently kept by Sarah Jagger.

3 Dec 1870 William Birkett, Ossett, summoned for permitting drunkenness in his house, the Horse & Jockey, on the 28th ultimo. &c.

17 Dec 1870 The next General Meeting of the supporters of the Local Government Act will be held at the Royal Hotel on Monday evening next, at 8 o’clock. (Ossett ratepayers have now agreed to take up the Act, and this week are nominating for the 15 members required).

21 Jan 1871 An inquest was held yesterday morning at the Victoria Inn, South Ossett, by T. Taylor Esq on view of the body of William Brook, aged 10 weeks, son of James Brook, Dyer.

21 Jan 1871 The first Meeting of the Board of Health. The summoning officer, Mr John James Mitchell has within the last few days notified to the successful candidates that they will be required to meet on Monday evening next at the Royal Hotel.

11 Mar 1871 A long Editorial about the new Licensing Bill.

1 Apr 1871 The Local Board are going to meet at the Cooper’s Arms again for the next meeting.

1 Apr 1871 Three beggars were apprehended in Ossett, and sent to prison for 14 days from Dewsbury Police Court. One of them had in his possession a poem :-

That there business. On the liquor shop round the corner (- – – – – -) back way to the tap. The Draper and Hosier and Baker and Grocer Throw open their shop to the light of the day And need have no feeling of shame in their dealings Nor smuggle their customers out the back way. But dram shops and beer shops and some other queer shops Must darken their windows or screen with a blind That drunk degradation may shun observation With suitable inlet and outlet behind. A back door or by-door or some kind of sly door A drinking establishment never should lack Where ladies and lasses may toss off their glasses And, licking their lips, gae out at the back. The vulgar and daring whilst neighbours are staring Will bolt in the front door, or out in a crack Whilst folk of all stations who love their potations May slip round the corner and in at the back. Here early on Sundays no less than on Mondays When spies and policemen are out on the track A back door is handy for Gin Beer or Brandy Just whistle a signal and in at the back. Of wine, ale and porter, or anything shorter You need have no trouble in getting your snack If you don’t like the wide door – creep in at the side door Or, what is still better, the door at the back.

Possibly composed in Sunderland, perhaps by a James Holland.

21 Apr 1871 (No doubt the week after Easter)

21 Apr 1871 The United Ancient Order of Druids. The Anniversary of the Rose of England Lodge No. 546 was celebrated on Easter Monday at the house of Mr Joseph Smith, Fleece Inn, Ossett Common. &c.

21 Apr 1871 Lodge festival. The members of the Grand United Order of Oddfellows of Apollo Lodge No. 83 met on Easter Monday at the house of Mr John Lockwood, the Bull’s Head Inn, Ossett, to celebrate their 48th Anniversary. &c.

21 Apr 1871 Nymph Lodge 34 Druids had its annual dinner on Easter Monday at the George Inn, Ossett. It was provided by the landlord, Mr William Hallas, in a most ample manner which gave every satisfaction. &c.

21 Apr 1871 The Good Intent Lodge. The annual meeting of this society was held on Easter Monday at Mr John Berry’s, where 115 members sat down to an excellent repast. &c. May 1871 It looks as though the Ossett Observer has now become part of the Temperance Movement. Very little in about pubs now, and there has just been mention of an inquest at Gawthorpe, but no mention of the house in which it was held.

8 July 1871 At the Dewsbury West Riding Police Court yesterday, Henry Briggs, the landlord of the Weaver’s Arms, was indicted by P.C. Rogers for permitting drunkenness in his house on the first instant. Defendant pleaded guilty and as he was consid ered to have kept a respectable house, he was discharged on payment of costs.

15 July 1871 A houseful of drunkards. At the West Riding Police Court, Dewsbury, yesterday, Joseph Nightingale, a beerhouse keeper at Ossett Spa, was charged by P.C.s Rogers and Hobson with permitting drunkenness on the 8th inst. The officers stated that they found 10 men and 2 women in the defendant’s house, and 10 men and one woman and the landlord were drunk. Defendant was fined 40/- and costs.[Note – Spa Inn].

29 July 1871 A sale of property was held at the Cooper’s Arms in Ossett on Thursday night week.

26 Aug 1871 Dewsbury West Riding Brewster Sessions, (which includes Ossett). Samuel Simms, who had been fined on the 30th June, 50/- and costs, for permitting drunkenness was told that he had better be cautious or his certificate would be taken away. The next person called up was William Hardy of the Spa Inn. He had not been fined, but Joseph Nightingale the previous tenant was mulcted in 40/ – and costs. Superintendent Ayrton said he had observed in an adverse statement that the Spa Inn was to be let the day after Nightingale was convicted. The fact was that as soon as the brewers found that a tenant had been fined they gave him notice to leave and looked for another person to keep the house. The chairman said that if Hardy was not extremely careful the certificate would be withdrawn altogether. It was reported to the bench that John Lockwood of the Bull’s Head Inn, Dale Street, had been fined 10/- and costs on the 7th October for permitting drunkenness. The Superintendent added that it was his first offence. The bench told him that they hoped it would be his last.

2 Sep 1871 Drunk and refusing to quit. At the Dewsbury Police Court on Monday last, Joseph Ramsden of Horbury was fined 10/- and costs for being drunk and refusing to leave the Spa Inn at Ossett Spa on the 27th ult.

14 Oct 1871 Transfer. John Chadwick applied on Friday for a provisional transfer of the Hammer & Stithy, late in the occupation of Joseph Wood. The applicant put in a strong memorial from Leeds people and also one from the Chief of the Police there.

4 Nov 1871 Quoits. Adjoining the Railway Tavern, Ossett, on Saturday last there was a quoits match for £1 a side between Henry Spedding of Ossett and a man from Chickenley. The game was won by Spedding.

7 Dec 1871 Supper of masters and men. On Friday night last the employers of power at the Temperence Mill sat down to a supper at the George Inn, along with their employees. The supper, we are informed, was all that could be desired and the evening was afterwards spent in singing songs and reciting. Mr Richard Megson occupied the chair and Mr Henry Simpson was vice-chair. The health of the host and hostess were drunk, and the company departed well satisfied with the evening’s entertainment.

16 Dec 1871 Colliers Supper. A supper of a substantial kind was provided at the George Inn, Ossett, on Saturday last in connection with the Sick and Accident Club of the colliers employed at Mr Gartside’s colliery. Thirty-six members were present. After the cloth was withdrawn, the health of the host and hostess was drunk, after which Mr Day was voted to the chair. A few appropriate remarks were made by one of the members, amongst which he said they ought all to be thankful that they were there with health and strength. After which the secretary, Mr Henry Brown, read the report, which was very favourable. They had had no accident during the past year, and had only paid £134 for sickness. Great praise was due to the managers of the colliery, Messrs T. Westwood and J. Wilkinson. The next business was the election of officers, the appointment of a committee and review rules, the auditing of the books, after which the agreeable evening was brought to a close.

15 Apr 1939 Property sale at Cock & Bottle (page 5 of th O.O).

29 Apr 1939 70 yrs ago (May 1 1869). The Beerhouses Bill which proposes a system of licensing similar to public houses, etc., passed its 2nd Reading. 6

May 1939 DEATH OF MR LEONARD BROWN, OSSETT. A local Licensee, and well-known county bowler, Mr Leonard Brown of the Millers’ Arms, Healey, Ossett died on Saturday, after a lengthy illness, age 67. He was born at the Cliffe Tree Inn, Wakefield. He came to Ossett at the age of 12 when his stepfather became landlord of the Flying Horse Inn. In 1912 Mr Brown took over the Flying Horse, but in 1914 moved to the Station Hotel, Prospect Road, Ossett, where he remained until 1931. After a short period as landlord of the Robin Hood Inn, Tadcaster, he returned to Ossett, and nine months later took over the license of the Millers’ Arms, Healey, until his death.

10.6.1939 50 yrs ago (15.6.1889). The open space in front of the Carpenter’s Arms, Ossett, was on Whit Monday the scene of a horse show, promoted by the landlord, Mr Luke Greenwood. Seven horses in the carriage class, and 14 in the draught class. Those taking part were entertained to dinner.

12.8.1939 56 years in Australia. Mr Kemp, now 78, belonged to a well-known Gawthorpe family, and his mother kept the Beehive Inn for many years.

28.10.1939 3 columns about late drinking at the Cooper’s Arms, Licensee – Robert Lumb.

2.12.1939 Public Houses – increases in rateable values – Cooper’s Arms £44 to £52; Horse & Jockey £25 to £44; Malt Shovel £122 to £230. 16.12.1939 70 yrs ago (18.12.1869). Mr Oliver Wilby presided over a meeting held at the Royal Hotel, Ossett, on Dec. 14th., at which it was decided to establish a Chamber of Commerce for Ossett. Mr J.R. Beckett was appointed secretary pro tem. 23.12.1939 Increased rateable values. Royal Hotel £60 to £72; Station £35 to £44; Cock & Bottle £45 to £48 27.1.1940 Pub Assessment reduced. Victoria £32 to £25.

Brian Smith

Ossett Pub Inventories & Valuations – Furniture, Fixtures & Fittings and Stock-in-Trade.


Transcribed and input by Debbie Hawke-Wareham from photographs taken by Joan P Smith.

Edited by Joan P Smith and Anne-Marie Fawcett.

September 2022.

WY Archive Ref. WDP 189.

Extracts from the log book 1863 – 1865

Pupil Teachers are given lessons by the Headmaster 8 to 9am before classes began and take quarterly and annual examinations from the Education Board. 

The school year runs from about Dec 1st to November 30th when a new syllabus is set. Pupils join the school as they reach the current school age, not having to wait until the start of the school year as in modern times.

The first entry is that of Joseph Cox, Head Teacher, which refers to his pupil teachers Eli Morton, Sarah Poole, John Teal and Mary Blackburn, going to West Town School, Dewsbury to be examined.

A pupil teacher was just that: a pupil learning his lessons from 6:30am to 8:15am and from 4pm to 5pm or even 6pm; teaching his knowledge from those lessons from 9am to 4pm. Each child attending had to pay two pence weekly and if they could not pay they were sent home. Later some of the children of the very poor were paid for by the town’s guardians. Some children however were part-timers, working part of the day or week and going to school the other half. A situation [often] openly abused by the employer despite the law.

Joseph Cox wrote in a clear hand and was, according to his records, a “born” teacher. Strict in his control of staff, always diligent about their work, caring for his pupils, ensuring they were educated in spite of their background and circumstances and not tolerating any of his staff to physically punish pupils – if that was needed, he would do it. His wife Sarah supervised the needlework in the school, in addition to her housekeeping and bearing thirteen children, three of whom died in infancy.

Chicken Pox, Measles, Small Pox, Scarletina (Scarlet Fever?) were things to fear in 1864. Once a case appeared every family affected expected to lose at least one child, and for a family to rear all their children to teen age was exceptional. Another cause of school absence was wet and snowy days. The children (especially the small ones) had poor footwear, and if they got wet they had no others to change into. So they stayed at home. A sick child was a danger to the whole family.

Mr. Cox’s biggest problem was probably his pupil teachers not learning their lessons, certainly not retaining knowledge gained, arriving late, having time off through sickness, bad presentation to the children, leaving to go into industry, and coming back!

Mrs. Cox in the meantime was having her difficulties with the pupils learning needlework. “Even when the material is supplied to them. One parent persists in sending knitting, stating they must have socks to wear.” Mrs. Cox was required to show the needlework done to Government Inspectors, but the mothers said they could not spare the clothes!

The standard of pupils admitted from other schools was a grumble of Mr. Cox. e.g: “She does not know how many pounds in 1 cwt or how many yards in a furlong. I gave her the following 13 ton x 17 cwt x 47 but she could not work it. !!!!!! Religious knowledge is scanty” with children admitted from an independent school “not knowing the Lord’s Prayer or Ten Commandments”. (Mr. Cox’s parents were Dissenters).

Joseph Cox is the master on the right of this photograph

Extracts from the Log Book 1863 – 1865

1864 Jun 2 ANELAY Ruth admitted
1865 Mar 7 ASHTON George A
ex pupil
wrote to say he had been engaged as a clerk to the Leeds Post Office
1865 Jan 9 AUDAY Ellen
Pupil Teacher
commenced her duties
1865 Jan 18 AUDAY Ellen
Pupil Teacher
commenced activities in teaching
1865 Jul 6 AUDAY Ellen
Pupil Teacher
absent with permission to visit Whitlay Hall
1865 Dec 6 AUDAY Ellen
Pupil Teacher
away from school ill
1865 Sep 25 AUDSLEY Sarah Ellen Eliza
admitted [unsure if one name of 3 children of same surname]
1864 Jul 5 AUELAY Miss
took infant class as pupil teachers at West Town for examinations
1864 Feb 22 AUELAY William admitted
1863 Sep 10 BARFOOT Mr
Master of Alverthorpe National School, plus wife and daughter visited school
1865 Jan 16 BATLEY David admitted
1864 May 20 BATLEY Harry admitted
1863 Sep 14 BEAUMONT Elizabeth Ann admitted
1863 Aug 24 BEAUMONT Henry Newtonadmitted
1863 Oct 19 BEETHAM Thomas admitted
1865 Jul 10 BENTLEY Louisa admitted
1863 Sep 21 BENTLEY Philip Thomas admitted
1863 Sep 14 BENTLEY William admitted
1865 Sep 12 BEVIN? Henry admitted
1865 Jul 17 BINKS admitted
1864 Jun 6 BLACKBURN Annie admitted
1864 Jun 6 BLACKBURN Emily Jane admitted
1863 Jul 1 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
went to west town school to be examined
1863 Oct 1 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
observed during lesson on the offering up of Isaac
1863 Oct 13 BLACKBURN Mary
unwell not at lessons
1863 Nov 19 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
observed master’s lessons on Communion of the Saints
1863 Dec 10 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
remained after school to get lessons up to date
1864 Jan 27 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
absent unwell
1864 Feb 17 BLACKBURN Mary Pupil
late , arrived 9am due to sickness
1864 May 2 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
unwell absent in afternoon
1864 Jun 30 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
gave classes 3 and 4 a lesson on Jacobs visit into Egypt to see Joseph
1864 Sep 20 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
went home ill
1864 Nov 8 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
late to lessons
1864 Dec 15 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
at home ill
1864 Dec 19 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
late and tasks not well learned
1865 Feb 20 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
not at lessons this morning unwell
1865 Mar 17 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
not at school – toothache
1865 Mar 27 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
absent in the afternoon by permission
1865 May 19 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
unwell, not at lessons
1865 Jul 13 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
unwell, not at lessons
1865 Jul 26 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
not at lessons nor teaching, must be ill?
1865 Oct 25 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
not at lessons before school, stayed at night
1865 Nov 17 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
left school ill and is off until 21 Nov
1865 Nov 22 BLACKBURN Mary
Pupil Teacher
delivered a lecture to first class on the politics of Israel
1864 May 2 BOOTHROYD Ada admitted
1864 Apr 18 BOOTHROYD Ellen admitted
1863 Nov 9 BOOTHROYD Stanley admitted
1864 Apr 18 BRADLEY Joseph admitted
1865 Aug 16 BRADLEY Mr
the sweeper
was requested to look into the infants to see if it was fit for the children to be in – no answer
1865 Jan 23 BRADLEY Sarah admitted
1865 Mar 20 BRIGGS Annie admitted
1864 Jun 6 BRIGGS Clara admitted
1864 Feb 23 BRIGGS Edward
allowed to commence painting
1863 Dec 8 BRIGGS John William
commenced colouring his maps
1864 Feb 15 BRIGGS John William
commenced drawing a map of Palestine, illustrative of Old Testament history
1864 Feb 23 BRIGGS John William allowed to commence painting
1864 Mar 9 BRIGGS John William commenced colouring his map of Palestine
1865 Feb 6 BRIGGS John William Readmitted
1865 Oct 30 BROADHEAD Alfred admitted
1865 Oct 30 BROADHEAD Clara admitted
1863 Oct 12 BROOKE Ellen admitted
1863 Oct 12 BROOKE George admitted
1863 Oct 12 BROOKE Hannah admitted
1864 May 20 BROOKE John admitted
1865 Nov 27 BROOKE John admitted
1864 Jun 6 BROWN Benjamin admitted
1864 Oct 25 BULLOCK Tom admitted
1865 Jan 16 BUTTERWORTH Harriet admitted
1864 Jan 25 BUTTERWORTH Maria admitted
evening lecture on Phrenology, children admitted for half price
1865 Aug 10 BUTTERWORTH Mr
answered letter requesting the loan of the school
1864 Jun 27 CAWOOD Mary Ann admitted
1864 May 9 CAWOOD William admitted
1864 Jan 12 CHAPPELL Oswald admitted
1863 Oct 16 CLARKSON Mr of Earlesheaton
looked through the school
1865 May 1 CLEGG Arthur Readmitted
1864 Feb 4 CLEGG Joshua
injured thumb crushed in classroom door by carelessness
1863 Dec 14 COX James
received information on death, was at school on Thursday died Sunday
1864 Jan 28 COX Joseph
late 10 minutes – unwell
1864 Feb 26 COX Joseph
did not attend, unwell
1864 Mar 16 COX Joseph
late to give Pupil teachers lessons due to being deprived of sleep while attending a sick child
1864 Aug 11 COX Joseph
1864 Oct 4 COX Joseph
unwell not much in school for 2 days
1864 Oct 10 COX Joseph
two children of head teacher in scarletina and a third began. Teacher fetched out a child in convulsions
1864 Oct 11 COX Joseph
the third child (Bertram Cox 1863-12 Oct1864) who commenced scarletina is dead
1864 Oct 12 COX Joseph
not in school today, child interred Betram Cox 1863-1864
1864 Oct 18 COX Joseph
Master but a little time in school – with dying child Lizzie Cox 1862-1864
1864 Oct 19 COX Joseph
Child (Lizzie Cox 1862-1864) died, other 2 children began to be ill
1864 Oct 20 COX Joseph
at home – internment of Lizzie Cox 1862-1864
1864 Nov 29 COX Joseph
left school at 3:30pm to attend funeral of a late pupil
1864 Dec 2 COX Joseph
absent in afternoon
1865 May 29 COX Joseph
Principai Teacher
unwell did not meet pupil teachers for lessons
1865 Jul 11 COX Joseph
Principal Teacher
did not attend to give pupil teacher lessons, deprived of rest with a sick child
1865 Aug 1 COX Joseph
Principal Teacher
unwell in morning, didn’t give pupil teacher lessons, took them at night instead
1865 Sep 8 COX Joseph
Principal Teacher
at Leeds, Eli Morton came to assist teachers
1865 Nov 14 COX Mrs
wife of principal teacher
ill, Eli Morton assisting in school
1865 Jul 10 CRAB? Morris admitted
1864 Oct 24 DEWS Fred admitted
1865 Jul 17 DEWS Henry admitted
1864 Apr 18 DEWS John Henry admitted
1865 Apr 11 DEWS Lister
absent from examinations
1864 Apr 18 DEWS Mark Lucas admitted
1865 Feb 16 DEWS Oliver punished
told his mother he had been detained in school 2 hours, which is false, so punished him
1864 Jun 6 DEWS Thomas William admitted
1863 Aug 24 DYSON Annie admitted
1863 Aug 24 DYSON James admitted
1863 Jul 21 EASTWOOD Mr
a teacher from Stalybridge
requested look over school
1864 Apr 18 ELI Mary Emily admitted
1864 Jun 22 ELI Mary Emily
brought to school by sister, she had been sent every day but this was her first attendance
1864 Feb 29 ELLIS Edward jnr admitted
1865 Mar 20 ELLIS Eli admitted
1865 Sep 25 ELLIS Gertrude admitted
1863 Oct 14 ELLIS Joseph
absent absented himself because he was not allowed dinner until his task was learnt
1864 Jan 25 ELLIS William admitted
1865 Nov 24 ELLIS William
does not show satisfactory progress
1865 Jan 17 ELY Emily Mary
running away from school
1865 Apr 25 ELY Walter
annoyed teachers and hindered scholars in the infants
1865 Aug 9 FARRAR Mary
on report for idleness at needlework
1863 Sep 21 FLOWES Henry admitted
1865 Nov 24 FOTHERGILL Armitage
does not show satisfactory progress
1864 Jun 6 FOTHERGILL Benjamin admitted
1865 Jan 16 FOTHERGILL Fred admitted
1865 Sep 4 FOTHERGILL Martha Readmitted
1865 Mar 6 GIGGAL Mary admitted
1864 Mar 24 HAIGH Edward cautioned
monitor and pupil teacher Eli Morton caused a disturbance in playground
1864 Nov 9 HAIGH Edward
commenced a system of book keeping
1865 Aug 10 HAIGH Edward
Trainee pupil teacher sent advertisement to Mercury office for Edward Haigh
1865 Feb 3 HAIGH Edward
Trainee pupil teacher
sets up school fires ready for lessons
1865 Oct 31 HAIGH Edward
commenced sweeping the school
1865 Sep 26 HAIGH Edward
Trainee pupil teacher
had to stay to get lessons
1865 Oct 5 HAIGH Edwin
Trainee pupil teacher
not at lessons and task not well learnt
1865 Oct 11 HAIGH Edwin
Trainee pupil teacher
not at lessons
1863 Oct 13 HAIGH Venus admitted
1864 Feb 1 HAIGH Venus admitted
1863 Oct 13 HAIGH Vincent admitted
1865 Mar 13 HAIGH Walter admitted
1865 Mar 21 HALLATT George William admitted
1864 Feb 16 HALSTEAD Bingley admitted
1863 Jul 17 HANSON William
a boy in first class commenced drawing on paper
1863 Dec 2 HARROP Abram
came into school intoxicated and caused confusion and stoppage of school work
1865 Mar 20 HARROP George admitted
1864 Aug 22 HEALEY Oxley
Parent was sent a note to say owing to irregular attendance of children not admitted until they have been seen
1864 Feb 22 HEATON Alfred admitted
1864 Feb 22 HEATON Eliza Ann admitted
1863 Oct 19 HERBERT Mr
visited to solicit the loan of school for a magic lantern and panoramic entertainment
1864 Feb 24 HEY Joseph admitted
1864 May 2 HIGGS Charlotte admitted
1864 Mar 14 HOLDROYD Francis admitted
could be Francis Holdroyd RICHARDS
1863 Sep 21 HOLDSWORTH Hannah admitted
1865 Apr 11 HOWE Sarah Ann
absent from examinations
1865 Mar 16 HOWE Sarah Ann
punished for arriving late by remaining and copying from her reading for half hour after school
1864 Jun 13 HUNTER Emily admitted
1864 Jun 20 HUTCHINSON John
Parent fetched his children out of school without teachers leave to see equestrian parade in street
1865 Nov 27 HUTCHINSON John admitted
aged 13 and not able to pass standards 1 and 2
1865 Feb 13 ILLINGWORTH Annie admitted
1865 Sep 25 ILLINGWORTH Eliza admitted
1863 Sep 21 ILLINGWORTH Emma admitted
1865 Feb 13 ILLINGWORTH James admitted
1864 Jan 18 ILLINGWORTH Walter admitted
1864 May 2 JACKSON Alfred admitted
1864 Nov 28 JACKSON Joseph admitted
8 years old has never been to school
1864 May 20 KOOLS ? Arthur admitted
[hard to read]
1864 May 20 KOOLS ? Hives ? admitted
[hard to read]
1864 Jun 6 LAYCOCK Eli admitted
1865 Apr 11 LAYCOCK Eli
absent from examinations
1864 Jun 20 LAYCOCK Eli jnr admitted
1864 Feb 29 LAYCOCK Francis admitted
1863 Sep 14 LAYCOCK Fred Smith admitted
1863 Nov 9 LAYCOCK Lydia admitted
1864 May 9 LAYCOCK Lydia admitted
1864 Apr 18 LAYCOCK Walter admitted
1865 Sep 4 LAYCOCK Walter Readmitted
1865 Jul 10 LITTLE? Sophia admitted
1865 Oct 23 LITTLEWOOD Mrs
said she would have to give up sweeping school, she could no longer stand it
1865 Aug 21 LOCKWOOD Mary Readmitted
1865 Mar 13 LOCKWOOD Mary admitted
1865 Sep 25 LONGBOTTOM Edwin admitted
1865 Feb 6 LONGBOTTOM Sarah Ann admitted
1864 Dec 5 LONGBOTTOM William admitted
1863 Oct 12 LOOLT ? Ellen admitted
1865 Nov 24 MARSDEN George
does not show satisfactory progress
1863 Sep 11 MARSDEN Godfrey punished for bad conduct towards pupil teacher Eli Morton
1863 Sep 21 MARSDEN Jane admitted
1863 Nov 9 MARSDEN Jane admitted being the third of the same name in the school
1865 Jan 9 MARSDEN Jane admitted
1864 Mar 22 MARSDEN Joe
put back into second class
1865 Aug 9 MARSDEN Martha A
on report for idleness at needlework
1863 Nov 16 MARTIN Mrs
visited to speak with master about her boy
1865 May 1 MEGSON Albert admitted
1864 Aug 4 MERCER John Eli
Aunt requested that he not be kept so close to study
1864 Aug 29 MITCHELL Eli admitted
1864 Nov 7 MITCHELL Joseph admitted
1864 Aug 29 MITCHELL Joshua admitted
1865 Mar 13 MITCHELL Joshua admitted
1863 Oct 26 MITCHELL Sarah Ann admitted
1864 Aug 29 MITCHELL Sarah Ann admitted
1863 Dec 15 MORTON David punished
(brother of pupil teacher Eli Morton) for throwing a stone at another pupil cutting near eye
1863 Jul 1 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
went to west town school to be examined
1863 Jul 9 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
unwell, not at lessons
1863 Aug 5 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
teaching History and composition
1863 Aug 28 MORTON Eli
late half hour late to lessons
1863 Oct 7 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
lesson on miracle of Christ healing nobleman’s son
1863 Oct 20 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
following masters examination of 2nd class in arithmetic, shown some defects in his teaching of it
1863 Oct 21 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
pleased to hear that in the habit of visiting parents of those in his class to make them mindful of importance of them making their children attend night lessons
1863 Nov 16 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
had to remain until 6pm to commit lessons to memory
1863 Nov 19 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
observed master’s lessons on Communion of the Saints
1863 Nov 24 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
35 minutes late
1863 Dec 4 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
did not come to lessons, unable to wake in time
1863 Dec 10 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
remained after school to get lessons up to date
1863 Dec 11 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
came to lessons at 7am
1863 Dec 15 MORTON Mr
displeased with harsh punishment his son received for throwing a stone and complained
1863 Dec 15 MORTON Mr
complained about the master being harsh with son pupil teacher Eli Morton
1863 Dec 16 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher
not at school to receive his lessons
1864 Jan 4 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher absent to attend funeral of brother in law
1864 Jan 11 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher absent unwell
1864 Jan 15 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher absent unable to get up
1864 Jan 22 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher lesson to 1st class on Lords first miracle
1864 Mar 15 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher bible lesson to 2nd class on wanderings of Israelites
1864 Apr 21 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher not at lessons
1864 Jul 18 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher commenced double entry book keeping
1864 Sep 1 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher went off to Scotland for a week or more 1st to 8th
1864 Sep 23 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher went to Dewsbury and engaged himself as a book keeper for Messrs Cardwell Iron Foundry
1865 Jun 5 MORTON Eli
helping in school and next day on 6th
1865 Jul 18 MORTON Eli
ex-Pupil teacher assisted in the school a whole day
1865 Aug 23 MORTON Eli
ex-Pupil teacher came to assist in school and on 24th Aug also
1865 Aug 31 MORTON Eli
ex-Pupil teacher took 1st class and principal teachers worked among the lower classes
1865 Sep 5 MORTON Eli ex-Pupil teacher assisted in the afternoon with a division of the 3rd class
1865 Sep 8 MORTON Eli
ex-Pupil teacher assisting while principal teacher at Leeds
1865 Oct 2 MORTON Eli
ex-Pupil teacher officiating for John Teale who is at Buxton
1865 Oct 19 MORTON Eli
ex-Pupil teacher assisting
1865 Oct 26 MORTON Eli
ex-Pupil teacher assisted in school for the afternoon
1865 Nov 1 MORTON Eli
ex-Pupil teacher came in the afternoon to assist in school and on 2nd Nov
1865 Nov 14 MORTON Eli
ex-Pupil teacher assisting in school as principlal’s wife is ill and for rest of week assisting
1865 Dec 13 MORTON Eli
Pupil Teacher given special lessons between 5 and 7 o’clock
1863 Oct 19 MOSS Mary readmitted
1863 Oct 26 MOSS Mary admitted
1864 Jun 6 MOSS Thomas admitted
1863 Aug 5 NEARY Revd D.C.
School inspector report received
1863 Sep 16 NEARY Revd D.C.
School inspector visited, heard class read and examined 2nd class in arithmetic
1863 Sep 18 NEARY Revd D.C.
School inspector visited, gave lessons to 1st class in scripture, reading and geography
1865 Jan 19 NEARY Rev’d D C visited school
1865 Feb 3 NEARY Rev’d D C
settled with Haigh and Smith for school fires up to Feb 1865
1865 May 3 NEARY Rev’d D C
received letter from committee of council on school improved performance
1865 Oct 19 NEARY Mr visited the school
1865 Sep 25 NETTLETON Alexander admitted
1865 Jul 17 NETTLETON Emily admitted
1865 Feb 13 NETTLETON Emma admitted
1865 Nov 24 NETTLETON Kate does not show satisfactory progress
1864 Jun 6 NORTH Annie admitted
1864 Jun 2 NORTH Ebenezer admitted [hard to read]
1864 Jun 23 NORTH Philip Henry truant
1865 Jul 31 NORTH Philip Henry
Sent home because mother objected to paying school fees owing, amounting to 3/6
1864 Apr 18 OAKES George admitted
1864 Feb 1 OKLEY Eliz admitted
1865 Mar 20 OLDROYD Zillah having stayed away from school some time, returned
1865 Mar 21 OLDROYD Zillah admitted on promise from mother that she would attend regularly
1864 Feb 1 OSWALD Mary Jane admitted
1863 Nov 12 PARKER Mrs of Bronsholeae Hall visited and was pleased with intelligent looks of children
1865 Jun 28 PEACE Frank
2 boys laid in wait and punished him when returning home from school
1865 Mar 13 PEACE John William admitted
1863 Aug 4 PEACE Mary
mother came to school to request that Mary should not have such heavy night tasks as health is not good
1864 Jan 13 PEARCE Mrs enquiring about authority letter, cautioned boys to be more gentle in play
1864 May 9 PEARCE Eli admitted
1864 Mar 23 PERKINS Mr
Scripture Reader came to school to teach 1st class on the Catechism of the Ch of England
1864 Apr 1 PERKINS Mr
Scripture Reader gave scripture lesson to 1st class
1864 Apr 8 PERKINS Mr lectured 2nd class on Palestine
1864 Apr 19 PERKINS Mr visited but did not take a class
1864 Apr 22 PERKINS Mr took 2nd and 4th class in scriptures
1864 Jun 16 PERKINS Mr visited and took 2nd class in scriptures
1864 Sep 14 PERKINS Mr gave 3rd class a lesson church Catechism
1864 Sep 16 PERKINS Mr took 1st class in scriptures
1864 Sep 19 PERKINS Mr visited and took a class
1865 Jan 19 PERKINS Mr visited school
1865 Jan 31 PERKINS Mr visited, heard 1st division of the 3rd class read
1865 Mar 1 PERKINS Mr visited and took a class on scriptures
1864 Feb 1 PHILIP Thomas admitted
1863 Oct 5 PHILIPS Rachael admitted
1865 Jan 16 PICKARD Annis admitted
1863 Sep 21 PICKERSGILL Jane admitted
1863 Aug 5 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher Teaching composition
1863 Aug 21 POOLE Sarah late didn’t awake on time
1863 Dec 17 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher not at school to receive her lessons
1863 Jul 1 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher went to west town school to be examined
1863 Jul 10 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher gave scripture lesson to infants, rather lacking in simplicity
1863 Oct 7 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher lesson on miracle of Christ healing nobleman’s son
1863 Oct 7 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher lesson on miracle of Christ healing nobleman’s son
1863 Nov 16 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher had to remain until 6pm to commit lessons to memory
1863 Nov 20 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher 20 Minutes late
1863 Nov 26 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher heard first class read from Old Testament
1864 Jan 11 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher 20 minutes late
1864 Jan 15 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher absent unwell
1864 Jan 20 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher given Stow’s Training System to read over
1864 Jan 22 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher lesson to 3rd and 4th class on Lords first miracle
1864 Jan 25 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher conduct not satisfactory
1864 Feb 8 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher absent in afternoon to attend cousin’s funeral
1864 Mar 15 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher bible lesson to 1st class on wanderings of Israelites
1864 Apr 27 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher scolded for late arrival
1864 May 5 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher absent – unwell
1864 Jun 21 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher absent attending aunts funeral
1864 Aug 30 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher received circular from Ripon Training College
1864 Sep 13 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher gave a scripture lesson to the 1st class
1864 Sep 27 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher gave a scripture lesson
1864 Nov 21 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher absent unwell
1864 Dec 16 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher last day of teaching in the South Ossett Sch as PT, goes to try for scholarship Monday next
1865 Jan 16 POOLE Sarah
Pupil Teacher paid £10 for the last months ending Dec 31st 1864
1865 Jan 25 POOLE Sarah
ex Pupil Teacher passed in the second class of Queens Scholars
1865 Jan 27 POOLE Sarah
ex Pupil Teacher went to Ripon Training College
1865 Jul 7 POOLE Sarah
ex-Pupil teacher visited school with a friend
1864 Jan 18 PRIESTLEY Joseph admitted
1864 Jan 18 PRIESTLEY William admitted
1863 Nov 12 RAMSDEN Mrs of London visited and was pleased with intelligent looks of children
1865 Jan 9 RAWORTH admitted two children of this family name to infants school, [first names not recorded]
1865 Jan 30 RAWORTH Harry admitted
1865 Jan 23 REDFERN Eliza admitted
Trainee pupil teacher
1865 Jan 30 REDFERN Eliza Readmitted
1865 May 17 REDFERN Eliza
Trainee pupil teacher commenced assisting in teaching in preparation for her Pupil Teachership
1865 May 25 REDFERN Eliza
Trainee pupil teacher not at lessons
1865 Aug 2 REDFERN Eliza
Trainee pupil teacher not at lessons
1865 Aug 22 REDFERN Eliza
Trainee pupil teacher had to leave school ill
1865 Sep 21 REDFERN Eliza
Trainee pupil teacher lessons badly learnt
1865 Sep 26 REDFERN Eliza
Trainee pupil teacher had to stay to get lessons
1865 Oct 4 REDFERN Eliza
Trainee pupil teacher Late at lessons
1865 Oct 11 REDFERN Eliza
Trainee pupil teacher not at lessons
1865 Oct 12 REDFERN Eliza
Trainee pupil teacher gave a lesson to the 4th class on the whale
1865 Nov 23 REDFERN Eliza
Trainee pupil teacher arithmetic badly worked
1863 Nov 9 RICHARDS Henry admitted
1865 Aug 9 RICHMOND Jane on report for idleness at needlework
1864 Oct 25 ROBINSON John admitted
1865 Jan 16 SAXTON Edward Readmitted
1865 Jan 9 SAXTON Emma admitted
1864 Dec 19 SAXTON Mary admitted
1864 Feb 29 SCOTT Ellen admitted
1865 Oct 24 SENIOR Mrs refused to admit because of their irregular attendance and no promise of improvement
1864 Mar 14 SHAW Charles admitted
1864 Mar 14 SHAW Frederick admitted
1865 Apr 11 SHAW Fred absent from examinations
1864 Mar 2 SIMPSON Eliz Ann from 3rd class was about to leave school because she could not come for 2nd part of week
1864 Feb 22 SIMPSON Mary Ann admitted
1863 Sep 8 SMITH Alice requested she be kept home till she gets a little older
1865 Jan 2 SMITH Eliz Ann admitted
1863 Oct 23 SMITH Elliot
Censured for disobedience to John Poole
1864 Nov 9 SMITH Elliot commenced a system of book keeping
1864 Nov 22 SMITH Elliot Monitor sent home ill – scarletina
1865 Feb 3 SMITH Elliott
Trainee pupil teacher sets up school fires ready for lessons
1865 Mar 16 SMITH Elliott punished for disobedience
1865 Mar 29 SMITH Elliott
Trainee pupil teacher unwell
1865 May 18 SMITH Elliott
Trainee pupil teacher for the afternoon
1865 Sep 11 SMITH Elliott
Trainee pupil teacher retuned to school after along illness
1865 Sep 26 SMITH Elliott
Trainee pupil teacher had to stay to get lessons
1865 Oct 31 SMITH Ellis commenced sweeping the school
1863 Sep 21 SMITH James Archer admitted
1864 Jun 14 SMITH Martha went for a walk without parents knowledge
1865 Feb 27 SPURR Hartley admitted
1863 Aug 31 SPURR William truant just as he did at his previous schools
1864 Apr 18 STANSFIELD Samuel admitted
1864 Dec 12 STEAD Scholy? readmitted [hard to read]
1864 Feb 15 STOKER Eliza admitted
1863 Jul 1 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher went to west town school to be examined
1863 Aug 5 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher Teaching Reading
1863 Oct 15 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher absent
1863 Oct 23 TEALE Arthur John
Censured for roughness in playground
1863 Oct 28 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher after examining 3rd class in arithmetic and finding lack of progress master showed him their ignorance
1863 Nov 3 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher granted leave of absence to attend uncle’s funeral
1863 Nov 17 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher observed masters lessons on 2 of Lord’s miracles to 1st class
1863 Nov 20 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher 15 minutes late
1863 Nov 25 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher allowed to leave school at 3:15 to fetch medicine from Wakefield for his father
1863 Dec 10 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher remained after school to get lessons up to date
1864 Jan 22 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher lesson to 2nd class on Lord’s first miracle
1864 Feb 5 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher 15 minutes late to lessons
1864 Feb 17 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher left school for the day due to sickness
1864 Mar 1 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher absent – unwell long period 1st-7th and then a few more days
1864 Jul 18 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher commenced double entry book keeping
1864 Aug 19 TEALE Arthur John asked for leave to accompany his father
1864 Nov 16 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher showed how poorly the 3rd class had advanced under him in arithmetic
1864 Nov 29 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher left school at 3:30pm to attend funeral of a late pupil
1864 Dec 19 TEALE Arthur John
Pupil Teacher late and exercises badly done
1865 Feb 20 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher not at lessons in the morning laid in too long
1865 Mar 22 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher requested to stay home in the afternoon as his uncle had died
1865 Mar 23 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher permitted to remain home until after uncle’s interment as father is unwell
1865 Mar 27 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher not at lessons
1865 Mar 28 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher not at school, unwell, father sent note. Off until 31 March 1865 (last day of school year)
1865 Apr 27 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher poorly, allowed to go to sisters for half hour to get some refreshment
1865 May 23 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher not at lessons
1865 Jun 29 TEALE John
Started drawing a ????? of St Pauls to exhibit at forthcoming Wakefield Industrial Exhibition
1865 Aug 8 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher not at lessons this morning
1865 Sep 20 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher not at lessons unwell with headache
1865 Oct 2 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher off duty, at Buxton, Eli Morton officiating for him
1865 Oct 11 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher not at lessons
1865 Oct 13 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher absent, no reason given
1865 Dec 13 TEALE John
Pupil Teacher given special lessons between 5 and 7 o’clock
1865 Jun 7 THOMAS Miss of Alverthorpe School visited
1865 Jul 3 TOWNSEND Francis William admitted
1865 Nov 8 THOMPSON Mr of Manor House visited the school
1863 Oct 5 VICKERS George Edwin admitted
1863 Oct 5 VICKERS John Henry admitted
1864 Nov 23 VICKERS John Henry of 3rd class died of inflammation of the brain which induced scarletina 1858-1864
1865 Mar 21 VICKERS Nancy admitted
1864 Apr 18 WARD Andrew admitted
1864 Apr 25 WARD Andrew removed.
Pupil Teacher John Teale called on family to get ages and was told they will not be attending anymore
1865 Sep 18 WARD Andrew admitted
1864 Apr 18 WARD Olive admitted
1863 Sep 21 WHITAKER Sophia admitted
1865 Aug 21 WHITE Albert Readmitted
1865 Jul 10 WHITE Thomas admitted
1864 Jun 2 WILBY Adeline admitted
1863 Nov 10 WILBY Annie
Sent home for leaving school to go to a dance school, but teacher was ill so she returned to school, to be sent home
1864 Oct 17 WILBY Annie dau of Edwin Wilby
1864 Nov 21 WILBY Annie admitted
1865 Mar 24 WILBY Eliza
Mother wishes her to go to Mrs Burton’s School on Monday to learn music
1863 Oct 5 WILBY Emily admitted
1863 Sep 22 WILBY Emma Jane injured
Finger cut by one of doors while playing
1864 Jun 20 WILBY Fred punished
for going home without leave before doing his night lessons
1864 Jun 24 WILBY Fred punished
of 2nd class for putting dung in the mouth of another infant
1864 Jun 29 WILBY Fred taken home ill
1864 Aug 30 WILBY Harry admitted
1863 Dec 15 WILBY Herbert injured another pupil threw a stone at him and cut near his eye
1864 Jul 19 WILBY Jane sent home because mother would not pay same fees as others
1863 Aug 17 WILBY Joseph Benjamin admitted
1863 Nov 6 WILBY Joseph expelled for bad conduct, swearing and lying
1865 Aug 29 WILBY Joshua
Mr Joshua Wilby’s men claimed the outer offices today
1864 Jun 13 WILBY Mary Alice admitted
1863 Oct 5 WILBY Sarah Ellen admitted
1863 Aug 11 WILBY Thomas punished for truancy
1864 Jun 13 WILBY Thomas admitted
1864 Jun 13 WILCOCK Arthur admitted
1865 Nov 27 WILLIAMSON Martha admitted
1863 Sep 28 WILSON Jane Ann admitted
1864 Feb 29 WOOD Rose Ann admitted
1863 Sep 28 WRIGLEY Hannah admitted
1863 Sep 28 WRIGLEY Jane admitted
1865 Apr 24 admitted 11 boys and 11 girls [no names recorded]
1865 Jul 24 admitted 3 new scholars [no names recorded]
1865 May 6 Pupil Teacher received their Stipends for past 9 months (a fixed regular sum paid as a salary or as expenses to a teacher)
1865 May 15 admitted several scholars into infants [no names recorded]
1865 Nov 9 got a ton of coal from Terry and Greaves Pit 1865 Oct 16 admitted 6 new children [no names recorded]
September 2022


Many in Ossett have memories of Mr Klat. You may recall his shop that stood on the corner of Church Street and Dale Street.

Zbigniew Franciszek Klatkiewicz was born in Oporów, Poland on March 28 1922. He had dreamed of being a pilot ever since he was a child. But, as his dreams began to come true, World War II broke out and his family lost sight of him for over half a century.

Zbigniew Klatkiewicz’s war had begun whilst he was still a cadet at Szkola Podoficerow Lotnictwa dla Maloletnich (SPLdM), the Polish Air Force Non Commissioned Officer’s School for Minors. Prospective candidates were between the ages of 16 and 17 years and had to attend two days of rigorous examinations, be physically fit and possess the recognised aptitude required by the Polish Air Force (PAF). Zbigniew’s first year would likely have consisted of drill, physical training and formal learning of military regulations. By the end of the year the authorities would have selected those who would go forward for pilot training.

Zbigniew Klatkiewicz (far left) as a 17 year air cadet.

Due to the pressure to train more pilots a satellite airfield was opened at the end of July 1939 and this is where Zbigniew Klatkiewicz was on September 1 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. At 6am almost thirty German airplanes attacked the school. It is reported that over 60 aircraft out of the 200 on the ground were destroyed and many others damaged. The bombs fell into the anti aircraft ditch, where the students had taken cover. The airfield was not prepared for defense – the only bomb shelter was badly disguised and the anti aircraft ditch was clearly visible from above. Thirty two were killed and many more were wounded. As a result of the attack, the Polish Air Force encouraged the students and their instructors to escape to England or France. The decision to evacuate was based on the notion that after the fall of Poland, its navy, soldiers and airmen would be needed in the defence of France and Britain.

Zbigniew and his sisters

On September 5 1939 SPLdM cadets, including 18 year old Zbigniew, set off from Moderówka to Warsaw, but on the way they were directed to Łuck (Lutsk) and from there to Sniatyn (both now located in the Ukraine) where there was a pre-war Polish border with Romania. In September 1941, Sniatyn came under German administration, but had previously been briefly under Romanian, and then Hungarian, control. Between September and December, hundreds of the town’s 3,000 Jews were murdered in death pits in the nearby forest. In April 1942 deportations began from the ghetto at Sniatyn to the death camp at Belzec. By September almost the entire Jewish population had been transported there and murdered.

On September 17 Zbigniew and the other cadets crossed the border and were interned. Almost all those interned in transit camps in Hungary and Romania escaped between the autumn of 1939 and the summer of 1940. The Hungarian and Romanian governments became anti-Polish while the people remained largely supportive and assisted in escapes. Conditions in the camps were very poor and medical support at best totally inadequate. The cadets managed to escape the camp, either by bribery or due to the lack of supervision by the guards. Many headed for the Polish Embassy in Bucharest where their photographs were taken, passports were made and forged visas under assumed names were issued.

Zbigniew became ill with dysentery and so his escape from the camp was delayed. Once his health improved sufficiently, he secured for himself the necessary forged documents and eventually arrived, via Syria, in France.

Zbigniew was one of thousands of Polish servicemen who made their way to France. He said: “After six weeks they (the French) moved the Poles to Lyon, where they waited for further piloting instructions. However, it all went slowly and the French sent the Poles to the front as infantry with rifles from the Napoleonic era and with ten cartridges”. It was only later that Zbigniew won “a decent rifle after some German was killed”.

They retreated all the time in the direction of Toulouse, where he threw away everything he had. He was left with only a rifle, a haversack and a pouch. He walked from Lyon to Toulouse – a distance of over 400km. From Toulouse the Polish were driven to the Mediterranean. They had hoped that they would find a ship to take them onward, but they failed, making it necessary to move back through the Pyrenees to the Atlantic, where Zbigniew said he “managed to get on the penultimate ship from France to Africa“. The Germans tried to intercept the ship but failed and, after 10 days of sailing, Zbigniew reached Africa.

The first Polish pilots arrived in Britain on December 8 1939 and by the end of July 1940 the total of Polish airmen on British soil had reached 8,384. The Polish named Britain “Wyspa Ostatniej Nadziei” – “The Island of the Last Hope“.

The British, like the French before them, were doubtful about the flying skills of the Polish pilots but the fact that the British airmen were exhausted and the air force undermanned eventually overcame any reservations. It soon became clear to the British that the Polish were extremely skilled pilots and they quickly gained a reputation for being fearless to the point of recklessness.

Zbigniew Klatkiewicz arrived in England in 1941 and in May 1942 he graduated from RAF Henlow, Bedfordshire. During the war years, RAF Henlow became one of the largest RAF Maintenance Units in the country and was used to assemble the Hawker Hurricanes which had been built at the Hurricane factory in Ontario, Canada. After test flying in Fort William, they were disassembled and sent to Henlow in shipping containers and reassembled.

On May 25 1943 Zbigniew began combat training at RAF Finningley, Doncaster and graduated in August that same year. He was then incorporated into the 300th Squadron, a bomber squadron which was formed at Bramcote, Warwickshire on July 1 1940. During WW2 the RAF base was best known as the front line bomber command base and as a centre of excellence for training pilots and air crew. Robin Hood Airport now sits on the former site of RAF Finningley.

Zbigniew said: “I was very lucky. I made a lot of flights, until at the end of January 1944, my machine was shot badly, two engines fell on bombardment at one of the first airports, the machine fell apart. The whole crew went out, though no one was injured. Only I was crushed. I broke my left collarbone and a pair of ribs”. On March 20 1944 Zbigniew was sent to rest after combat flights at an air base in Blackpool.

Blackpool became the RAF’s largest training area during WW2. The Tower was requisitioned and had 10 feet removed to enable the fitting of a Radar Aerial. Another requisition was Burton’s, a Restaurant come Ballroom. This was used for testing Wireless Operator’s on their Morse Code – hence the phrase ‘gone for a Burton’.

Stanley Park Municipal Airport, which is now Blackpool Zoo, opened in 1931. The airport was commandeered in 1939 by the Royal Air Force as No3 Technical Training School; Wellington Bombers were also assembled there. RAF Squire Gate, now Blackpool International Airport, was used as a fighter squadron base; it was also a training base. Hurricanes and Defiants were flown from here by British and Polish squadrons.

After a month of recuperation Zbigniew travelled to Scotland to RAF Evanton where he served as a staff pilot, tirelessly flying navigators into the air to train over the featureless mountains and lakes. The airfield was by the seashore of the Cormarty of Firth, 16 miles north of Inverness.

From Scotland Zbigniew found himself assigned as staff pilot, instructor and test pilot to RAF Manby, Lincolnshire. RAF Manby was built as an Armament Training School and was responsible for training armament officers, bomb aimers, air gunners and armourers, using a variety of aircraft ranging from Hawker Hinds to Wellingtons.

After the war fewer than 3,000 Poles returned to their homeland; 2,800 emigrated from the UK to other countries of residence, and 500, mostly flying personnel, joined the RAF.

Zbigniew’s parents, Marta and Marcin, didn’t know what had become of their son. He had simply vanished. They had spent many years looking for him with the aid of the Polish Red Cross (Polski Czerwony Krzyż – PCK). Not until 1947 did the family learn that Zbigniew had survived the war and had settled in England.

After a courtship which lasted at least two years, on Christmas Eve 1946 Zbigniew Klatkiewicz proposed to Marjorie Iseton. They were married in the Spring of 1947 in Sedgewick, Durham. Marjorie, born on July 29 1922, was the oldest of two daughters and before her marriage she had been a typist. Her parents, Thomas and Ethel née Dyke ran a draper’s shop, selling children’s clothing. Her younger sister Constance (born December 3 1923) worked in the shop with them.

Zbigniew and Marjorie on their wedding day in 1947

In January 1947, Zbigniew finally managed to establish contact with his family in Poland. After all of his previous letters had been “returned to sender”, he almost gave up hope of ever finding them. He said he was overjoyed to finally be in touch with everyone and to know that everyone was “all right and healthy.” Zbigniew’s parents were still alive then. His father Marcin died in 1950 and his mother Marta in 1961.

In August 1948, Sergeant Pilot Zbigniew Klatkiewicz transferred to the Polish Aerospace Adaptive Corps (PRC) at RAF Hednesford, Staffordshire. He left military service in February 1949. Zbigniew Klatkiewicz was awarded the Polish Order of the Virtuti Militari which recognises and rewards outstanding military valor above and beyond the call of duty. It is one of the oldest decorations for valor in the world and is equivalent to the US Medal of Honour and the British Victoria Cross. He was also awarded the Polish Cross of Valour (Krzyż Walecznych) which is awarded to one who has demonstrated deeds of valor and courage on the field of battle. He also received: the Air Crew Europe Star, a medal awarded to Commonwealth aircrew who participated in operational flights over Europe from UK bases, between September 3 1939 to June 5 1944 (outbreak of war until the start of the D-Day Normandy Invasion), the 1939-1945 Star and the Defence and War medals.

Also in 1949 Zbigniew and Marjorie had their first son, Bernard who was born in Newcastle. By the summer of 1950 the family had moved to Wakefield where Zbigniew took a job in a bakery. They lived at 19 Duke of York Street, just off Jacob’s Well Lane. Their second son Paul was born in Wakefield in 1954. They then moved to Ossett where they opened a grocery shop at the junction of Dale Street and Church Street. “Klat’s”.

Zbigniew did plan to visit his family in Poland, but he was discouraged by the political situation. It’s certainly no coincidence that he waited until September 1991 to visit his sister in Poznań, with Marjorie and his granddaughter; 1991 saw the first parliamentary elections since the fall of communism and Soviet troops started to leave Poland.

All the remaining family were awaiting his arrival in Ostroróg and, as he greeted his sister Jadwiga, Zbigniew who was 69 years old, was overcome with emotion. He hadn’t seen her since he was 17. There was a huge celebration at the Mercure Hotel, after which he then travelled on to the home of his nephew where he greeted his relatives whom he had not seen for over 50 years. He had been there only two hours when he was taken ill and a doctor had to be called. Dr Tadeusz Tanalski diagnosed a heart attack.

An ambulance took Zbigniew to hospital where he stayed for almost three weeks. However, his broken heart could not be cured and Zbigniew Klatkiewicz died on September 21 1991 in the Szamotuły hospital.

Marjorie flew his Zbigniew’s coffin back to England where he was buried at the cemetery in Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire with other Polish airmen from 300 Squadron. Sadly, the Polish Air Force’s 300 Squadron suffered the highest number of deaths of any Bomber Command unit.

The family in Poland cherish the memory of their uncle and they tell their children about Zbigniew Klatkiewicz, who left his home in Oporów in 1938. And how, in 1991 when Poland was a free state, he returned to his homeland to die among his own people.

Much of this research had been translated into English from Polish. My grateful thanks to Michael Klatkiewicz, the grandson of Zbigniew Klatkiewicz, for pointing me in the right direction.


Healey to Denton Lane 1790 – 1910



I quote the late Kenneth Bartlett, Local Historian of Horbury who put the following at the beginning of his work and told me many times personally – “I am not a ‘computer person“……. well I am not a ‘storyteller person’ I collect facts and figures, produce maps and leave the researcher to write his/her own story

Please note that I have not included material, (except Deed References and details) regarding the South Ossett Mills; Sowood Farm and ‘The Rocks’  and also information about the large houses and biographies of important people of Ossett as these subjects have been expertly covered on the Ossett History Site,  (

The Deeds are often very difficult to interpret and it is always wise to check the material wherever possible. I have included references for that purpose.

NB I cannot be held responsible for any of my work being used in legal matters! !

(Unless stated otherwise all the References are for the West Yorkshire Archive Service. I am extremely grateful for the help that I have received from the staff in order to produce this work.)

Abbreviations: a – Acre; r – Rood; p – perch; Outbldgs – Outbuildings; Appts; – Appurtenances.

 If you have any contribution, photos or other information (providing you have proof of authenticity etc.) that you would like including I would be pleased to do so. Also, if you find any errors I would be grateful if you could let me know.

I hope you find my work useful and informative

(I am tempted to call this work the ‘South Ossett Jigsaw’ as there are many missing pieces!)

 Joan P Smith 2017


My original intention was to research the history of Storrs Hill house as I believed that it was built by a direct ancestor of my children, Graham, Carolyn and Alyson Carter. I remember seeing a lovely old ‘Grandfather Clock’ in the home of Doris Carter, their Grandmother, after her mother Julia (nee Lister) died. This clock was very unusual as, instead of numerals on the dial, it had the letters GEORGE LISTER. She was storing it for her nephew George Lister Shires. This led me to think that George Lister must have been very prosperous. On George Lister’s Gravestone it states ‘GEORGE LISTER OF STORRS HILL HOUSE,

George Lister Gravestone

and so when I came across an old photo of STORRS HILL HOUSE, on Storrs Hill Rd., OSSETT. I thought it was the one that he built! Hence, the decision to research its history. My research soon spread (as in my previous projects) firstly to the whole of Storrs Hill Rd., then across to Healey Lane and eventually back across to the boundary with Horbury at Denton Lane! However, very soon after I began my research I discovered that the Storrs Hill House shown in the photo was not built until circa 1860?

Descendants of George LISTER born1798, died 1866 and his wife Martha (nee OLDROYD) (They had a very large family- the following are the descendants that I am connected to)

Fred LISTER, (his youngest son)

Julia LISTER married William SHIRES

Doris SHIRES married John CARTER

Harold CARTER married Joan Patricia WORTH

       Children :- Graham, Carolyn and Alyson CARTER

George Lister acquired Upper Long Close (Plot 33 on 1843 Tithe Award). He was described as a ‘Fulling Miller’ at Horbury Bridge. He later built properties on this land, one of which he lived in and I assume he named ‘Storrs Hill House’. This plot of land is almost in Horbury Bridge. The houses must have been demolished some time after Martha Lister died in 1881. 




HEALEY LANE TO DENTON LANE  (Sowood Bend) 1790 – 1910


Southwood Medieval Map JPS


In order to show the researcher the site of the various Plots mentioned I have created my own map for the area concerned, using my own, named, Medieval and 1843 Tithe Maps for Ossett.

For your guidance to the plot names and sizes I have annotated this map from the

1843 Tithe Award


1843 Healey to Denton Lane Plot names & sizes

Jonathan OLDFIELD Surgeon & Jane, 1st Pt; Joseph THORNS, Gent the Other Pt, Messuage/Dwellinghouse at Sowood Green & several closes of arable meadow in Ossett formerly occupied with the mess/dwell by Mr Joseph INGHAM & his undertenants but late by Mr Robert FLIGG, undertenant;. Laith Croft, Middle Croft & Low Croft & Wheatroyd; the Wheatroyd Pighill & 3 Waterside Closes. Also several pieces of ground in Healey, Healey Gate Shutt sold to Robert FLIGG (Ref: 1792 DK 87 122)

Timothy FOZARD WILLThomas FOZARD – devisee. 19th May (Plots – Square Close or Square Brearey – 2a 1r ) Also land at Healey – Plots 38 & 41? (Ref: 1795 DQ 97 95)

Thomas FOZARDJohn BEATSON Square Close and 2 closes of land Upper Brearey and Far Brearey 8a 3r

(Ref: 1795 DQ 97 96)

LAND CHANGES 1790 – 1795

NEW 1790 - 1795

 John BEATSON & Thomas FOZARD (oldest son of Timothy), John MARSHALL Trustee & Nancy FOZARD widow 1st Pt. . John WILSON & David SCHOLEFIELD. The Other Pt.   Plot- Far Brier Ing , 3a   (Ref: 1798 DZ 307 409)

John WILSON to David SCHOLEFIELD (Same as Ref: 1798 DZ 307 409) ( Ref: 1798 DZ 308 410)

 Thomas FOZARD, clothier, heir at law of Timothy FOZARD, who died intestate & John MARSHALL of Penistone, trustee 1st Pt. Joseph WILSON of Ossett clothier the Other Pt. And Release of 5 Pts between Thomas FOZARD, John MARSHALL 1st Pt, John BEATSON? 2nd Pt, Anthony GLOVER 3rd Pt, Joseph WILSON 4th Pt & John WILSON 5th Pt. Piece of land called Brearey Ing, late in tenure of Thomas FOZARD but now Joseph WILSON. 4a.   (Ref: 1798 DZ 349 465)


 John SMYTH – in his Will bequeathed his land on Ossett Common End (now known as Horbury Rd.,) to his son John SMITH (sic) (Ref:1801 EK 216 292


Joseph THORNES 1st Part Benjamin HALLAS the younger, William HALLAS & John PHILLIPS the Other Pt. 3 closes – Waterside Closes 6a. Late in the occupation of Joseph THORNES (Ref: 1804 EQ 295 334)

 Rev. John SANDERSON of Darfield, Solicitor, Executor of the Last Will & Testament of John SANDERSON, late of Darfield dec’d 1st Pt and David WILBY the other Part. Common side Close 3a. (Ref: 1804 ER 436 601)

LAND CHANGES 1795 – 1804

NEW 1796 - 1804


 John CROWDER of Brotherton 1st Pt John GREENWOOD, Surgeon and Apothecary the Other Pt. Of & concerning those 2 closes, parcels of land in Ossett called the Over Master Closes 4a 2r 9p late occupied by John ILLINGWORTH, the younger but now in the possession of the said John Greenwood together with all rights etc. (Ref: 1805 ET 479 601).

John CROWDER to David WILBYLane Close 6a 1r 20p, in occupation of Joseph FOZZARD. (Ref: 1805 EU 96 123)

 David WILBY & Ann his wife 1st Pt. John PULLEIN of Upton the Other Pt. Lane Close 6a 1r 20p and all that close named Commonside Close now in occupation of Joseph FOZARD (Ref 1805 EU 104 134)


William Jones KENDALL of Wakefield, David DEWS of Ossett clothier & George SMITH of Dewbury clothier(assignees of the estate of John WILSON of Ossett clothier) and the said John WILSON 1st Pt & John GREENWOOD of Ossett, Surgeon the Other Pt & Release of 4 pts between John SCHOLEFIELD of Horbury Gent 1st Pt William Jones KENDALL, David DEWS & George SMITH etc. the 2nd Pt & John WILSON 3rd Pt and John GREENWOOD the 4th Pt. Of & concerning that close, piece of land on Ossett Common called the Far Briar Ing 3a or thereabouts formerly the estate of Timothy FOZARD dec’d. then Thomas FOZZARD and late in the tenure of John WILSON but now John WHITAKER and his assigns. Together with all rights etc… (Ref: 1807 EZ 654 974)

 LAND CHANGES 1805 – 1810

NEW 1805 - 1811

Ossett Inclosure Certificate


Inclosure Award 1807- 1813

(The work was not completed until 1813 because of the death of the original Commissioner)

 There isn’t a complete Inclosure map of Ossett, only various parts which I have merged together and many small images of ‘ancient enclosures’ like the ones shown here.

Top of Healey Lane, showing Ossett Green Rd., (now South Street)

Horbury Bridge Rd (The Green) cropped

Healey Lane to Denton Lane

Healey to Denton Lane 1813 for publication

Bottom of Healey Lane

Bottom of Healey Lane new image


(I have included samples of some of the Deeds (shown above the translation) to illustrate the difficulties of transcribing and interpreting!


 John NETTLETON of Storrs Hill, Ossett 1st Pt & John GREENWOOD of Ravens Lodge, Dewsbury, Surgeon the Other Pt… Of & concerning all & so much as is freehold & held by Deed or Charter & in all those 2 closes of arable land situated in Ossett formerly known as the Upperfield but now divided in two & called Storrs Hill Closes containing 5a or thereabouts, now in the occupation of John NETTLETON or his assigns (Ref: 1811 FO 404 517 10th April)   (NB The Nettletons and Illingworths were connected to the Marsdens) 


 1811 FQ 75 93 Alderson pg 3cropped

The Rev’d. Jonothan ALDERSON; DUKE OF LEEDS and others to John GREENWOOD – Land on Southwood Green measuring 1r 3p; Bounded by Horbury Bridge Rd; Abraham SAXTON; John GREENWOOD & Duke of LEEDS (occupied by David PICKARD, now John WILSON) (Ref: 1811 FP 14 13)

 The Rev’d. Jonothan ALDERSON; DUKE OF LEEDS. And others to John WARD Land measuring 15p. Bounded by Horbury Bridge Rd & other properties of DUKE OF LEEDS & allotment of Thomas SMITH’S devisees (now occupied by Thomas ELLIS) (Ref: 1811 FP 2 2)

 The Rev’d. Jonothan ALDERSON; DUKE OF LEEDS and others to David ELLIS. Cottage,workshop etc. on Ossett Green/Southwood Green. Measuring 33p. Bounded by Horbury Bridge Rd; The road leading to Healey; and allotment of David DEWS. (Ref: 1812 FR 349 363)

 NB. Southwood Green or Sowood Green are shown in different places on 2 maps – at the top of Healey Rd. and the top of Storrs Hill Rd., (see Medieval Map displayed earlier)


Robert RAMSDEN of Carlton in Notts. Esq. 1st Pt & John CROWDER of Brotherton the other Pt. – Near Laith Close (or Croft) 2a 1r 11p; Far Laith Close (Croft) 3a 12p; QuarryClose 6a 3r 3p; West Cinder Hill ? 4a 1r 3p East Cinder Hill? 5a 3r 3p; Low Rough Close 3a 25p; Near Rough Close 3a 25p; Low Great Close 4a 21p; Upper Great Close 5a 2r 18p; Lower Broom Close 4a 5p; Near Upper Broom Close 3a 1r; 28p; now in the occupation of …..TOTAL 64a 3r 29p (Ref: 1813 FU 315 328)


 John PULLEIN of Wkfd Gent, Devisee of Thomas FOZARD 1st Pt Benj BAINES, James BRIGGS, Robert SAXTON, Robert Fligg, John, David & Samuel ELLIS, James ARCHER,Thomas HARRAP, Benjamin FARRAR, Samuel SCOTT, Joshua ELLIS, Abraham ARCHER, David BRIGGS, David ILLINGWORTH, The Other Pt. Release in 17 Pts – same names plus Randolph PHILLIPS Close called Brier Ing 3a (Ref 1814 GA 458 564)


 John GREENWOOD, Surgeon 1st Pt. John NETTLETON of Storrs Hill, Farmer the Other Pt. 2 closes formerly 1 close named Upperfield but now divided and called Storrs Hill Close 5a now in the occupation of John NETTLETON, his assigns together with all rights etc. (Ref: 1815 GH 317 359)

LAND CHANGES 1812 – 1817

NEW 1812 - 1817


1818 GT 415 410 PT 1

Jane CONINGTON relict of James CONINGTON & John LOFT & Mary his wife 1st Pt. John ELLIS of Ossett, clothier the Other Pt. 2 equal & undivided moieties of Messuage & Shop on Sowood Green, late in the occupation of Joshua ELLIS & Benjamin ILLINGWORTH. Of & concerning etc. Plot of land ‘Low Lee Croft’ 2 acres and 27 perches (Very difficult to read). (Ref: 1818 GT 415 410)


 James Dodgson CHARLESWORTH Gent, Thomas BAYLDON, Gent and John DENTON, Clothier – Assignees of the Estate of Francis MARSDEN. Commission of Bankruptcy. Francis MARSDEN 1st Pt, Joshua ILLINGWORTH, farmer the Other Pt and Release of four Pts (ALL RE. KIRKGATE IN WAKEFIELD). AND ALSO all so much as is freehold and held by Deed of those 4 messuages/dwellings, outbldgs & appts belonging, situate at Storrs Hill, Ossett, formerly in the several occupation of Francis MARSDEN, clothier, Isaac BARKER, Martha MARSDEN & Joseph LEE, their respective assignees, also land known as Cow Pasture and Rose? Inclosure. Cow Pasture close containing 4a formerly in occupation of Francis MARSDEN, but now or late of Joseph BATTY, William MARSDEN, Joseph BARKER, John SYKES and Joseph ILLINGWORTH (Ref: 1819 HB 347 404)


 James ARCHER of Ossett 1st Pt – Benjamin HALLAS, William HALLAS, & many names the 2nd Pt and Randolph PHILLIPS the Other Pt. 3 Waterside Closes 6a Lately in possession of B & W HALLAS but now all those names. Together with Mill House, Bldgs etc. Also land called ‘Brear Ing? 3a (Ref: 1822 HE 387 429)

 Robert FLIGGSBenj, BAINES – Part of Waterside Closes (Ref: 1822 HO 200 200)

 Francis BRIGGS– Gent 1st Pt, Elizabeth HARROP, wife of John 2nd Pt and George HARROP, Cloth Manufacturer 3rd Pt.   (SAME AS 1819 & 1877 DEEDS) (All those 2 closes of land arable meadow or pasture (formerly one close) situate near to & adjoining on Storrs Hill Sth Ossett, known as Storrs Hill Close, formerly occupied by Joseph ILLINGWORTH the elder, dec’d, then Wm ILLINGWORTH, dec’d, lately John ILLINGWORTH dec’d but now John HARROP and all that dwelling house, ‘shopping,’ stable or cowhouse & other bldgs erected & built on the 2 closes of land. Together with rights etc.) ( Ref:1822 HP 54 56)   Plots 62 & 63 in 1843

 SCHOLEFIELDElizabeth NETTLETON , widow – Will of John NETTLETON ( 1822 KF 595 558)


 Jane CONINGTON late of Kirkby now Horncastle widow, relict of James CONINGTON (& others as in previous deed) 1st Pt William DAWSON late of Lofthouse, parish of Rothwell now Outwood, yeoman 2nd Pt. William WELLFIT of Manby? In Lincoln Esq the 3rd Pt, Joseph PRIESTLEY of Wkfd Gent 4th Pt and Joshua DIXON of Leeds, Gent 5th Pt. Of & Concerning messuage/dwellinghouse/tenement with yard, stable outbldgs etc & all that cottage adjoining containing 37ps and also that close called Near Laith Croft 5a 3r 13p & Far Laith Croft 4a 1r 20p, also allotment adjoining 17p and also other allotment 2a 22p all which said premises are situated in Ossett abutting lands of John CROWDER S & W Horbury Bridge Rd. E by several tenures of Titus FOZZARD and Benjamin FOZZARD, their assigns & all that close called Upper White Close, otherwise Storrs Hill 5a 1r 8p and also close of arable land called Lower White Close otherwise Storrs Hill 4a 32p which said 2 closes lying together in Horbury abutting Horbury Bridge Road W & N and lands of Robert WALSHAW ( Ref:1823 HX 304 297)

Thomas WHITE of Wkfd. Wine Merchant & William WHITE of Wkf.d the Other Pt. 2 closes of land, arable, pasture, in Ossett – Low Master Close 5a 16p; Middle Master Close 3a 2r 34p, lately of Isaac WALTON. E by ?? W by Wm MILLS & John BOWER and S by River CALDER   (Ref: 1825 IC 430 408)    


William MILLS to John BOWER, – ???? Surviving devisee of John CROWDER of Brotherton 1st Pt & David CHARLESWORTH of Horbury Bridge, Innkeeper the Other Pt. 3 closes of land in Ossett known as East ???? Hill (heretofore the ?????flatt Alias Sanderhill???? –( very difficult to read) heretofore Bridge Flatt alias Bridge Close 24a 20p occupied by David CHARLESWORTH, John ILLINGWORTH & Charles LEDGARTH?? – also mentions Quarry Close & Upper Broom Close ( Ref:1825 IE 682 638)

 Lease- William MILLS and John BOWER (surviving devisees of John CROWDER) 1st Pt. William Walter WHITE of Wakefield, Wine Merchant the Other Pt. Release – William MILLS and John BOWER 1st Pt; John CROWDER, Rev. John Holdsworth MALLORY, John PERFECT & Thomas CROWDER the 2nd Pt. Thomas WHITE of Wakefield 3rd Pt and the said William Walter WHITE 4th Pt. Of & Concerning 2 closes of land, arable, pasture, in Ossett – Low Master Close 5a 16p; Middle Master Close 3a 2r 34p, lately of Isaac WALTON. E by ?? W by Wm MILLS & John BOWER and S by River CALDER Ref: 1825 IE 692 650)


 Joshua THORNS the younger, Maltster 1st Pt & Christopher? BECKETT, James BROWN, John MARSHALL & John GOTT the Other Pt. & Release between Joshua THORNS 1st Pt and John Francis CARR. & Robert CARR 2nd Pt. Christopher BECKETT, John BECKETT & John GOTT 3rd Pt and Jonathan WILDE ? 3 closes Laith Croft; Middle Croft & Low Croft ? together 9a 2r formerly estate of Wm BINGLEY, and afterwards Robert FLIGG and were part………..of Robert FLIGG or his trustees by Joseph THORNS the father of Joshua & devised to him by his father’s Will. Concerning land on Sowood Green, 1p – bounded E by Churchwardens & Overseers of the Poor, W by Ancient Premises of Joshua THORNS. N by Healey House Rd., S by Joshua THORNS 1r 10p E by Horbury Bridge Rd.W by Ossett Green Rd N by allotments awarded to David DEWS and DUKE of LEEDS & S by Joshua THORNS other allotments on Sowood Green 33p. E by Ossett Green Rd W by Ancient Premises N by Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor S by James CONNINGTON, John LOFT and Elizabeth CODD (Ref: 1827 IZ 680 650) Plot 103 ETC?

Joseph PRIESTLEY Gent 1st Pt; Joshua DIXON of Leeds, Gent 2nd Pt William DAWSON 3rd Pt. Rev Thomas WESTMORLAND Vicar of Sandal Magna 4th Pt. Benjamin DIXON of Wkfd Gent 5th Pt. Of & Concerning All that Messuage/tenement, barn stables etc and adjoining cottage by admeasurement 37p & also the close called Near Laith Croft. 5a 3r 13p & also Far Laith Croft 4a 1r 2p & allotment 2a 22p all situated in Ossett abutting on lands of John CROWDER S & W and the Horbury Bridge Rd E & late in the tenure of Titus & Benjamin FOZZARD but now Benjamin OAKES & John WILSON. And also the Upper White Close or Storrs Hill containing 5a 1r 8p & also Lower White close or Storrs Hill containing 4a 32p lying together in Horbury (the last two closes) abutting Horbury Bridge Rd. W & N; & Robert WALSHAW S; & late in the tenure of John & William ILLINGWORTH but now John BAINES (Ref: 1827 IX 213 207)

LAND CHANGES 1818 – 1827

NEW 1818 - 1827


Joseph NETTLETON of Ossett, Butcher; Joseph BROOK of Ossett Clothier; John GREENWOOD Dewsbury, Surgeon & Robert NETTLETON of Batley, clothier 1st Pt. Harry Lees EDWARDS of Halifax Esq., the Other Pt. Release between Joseph NETTLETON, Joseph BROOK & John GREENWOOD 1st Pt Robert NETTLETON 2nd Pt Elizabeth NETTLETON, widow 3rd Pt, William BARKER, Sowthowram 4th Pt & Harry Lees EDWARDS 5th Pt. Of & concerning Little Common Close adjoining Great Common Close, containing 2a 30p (Ref: 1828 KG 56 60)

 David CHARLESWORTH and Thomas & Joseph HEBBELTHWAITE of Netherton Hall 1st Pt. Geo TOMLINSON of Wakefield yeoman and Robert ARTHINGTON of Hunslet, Brewer the Other Pt. Of & concerning – East Cinder Hill, Low Rough, Near Rough, Lower Broom, Upper Broom closes and the north part of the Bridge Close. 24 a 20p. (Re Deed dated 21st June 1825 between Wm MILLS & John BOWER 1st Pt & David CHARLESWORTH 2nd Pt, Benjamin LOCKWOOD 3rd Pt & John CROWDER & OTHERS 4th Pt (SEE 1836 MN 29 23) (Ref:1828 KI 71 63) is this a mortgage?


 John KEMP of Sandal Magna & George ROBERTS of Wakefield devisees of Joshua ILLINGWORTH late of Sandal Magna deceased 1st Pt. Benjamin OAKES of Ossett the Other PT. Cow Pasture, 4a and also ?? 1r 20p, awarded to Francis MARSDEN By Commissioners of Inclosure Act. E by ancient land late of Francis MARSDEN. W by John GREENWOOD N by Horbury Bridge Rd & S by another allotment of Francis MARSDEN. And also Storrs Hill land 3r 6p E by ancient enclosure belonging to Francis MARSDEN W by John GREENWOOD N by another allotment of Francis MARSDEN & S by Joseph ILLINGWORTH which was purchased by the said Francis MARSDEN including all cottages, buildings etc. (Ref: 1829 KI 477 364)


 Benjamin BAINESWILL All rights & interests in New Dyehouse at Healey. All the remainder of his Real Estate & of & concerning all his Land & Tenements vested in him or mortgaged In the presence of Thomas? Of Ossett, Gent., John DENTON, Thos. WILBY & hereby required to be registered by Samuel BAINES of Wilsden, Dissenting Minister, as Guardian of Thomas BAINES one of the Devisees named. (Ref: 1830 KT 547 513 5th February)

Lease between Joseph NETTLETON, Joseph BROOKE, John GREENWOOD & Francis NETTLETON, Innkeeper, 1st Pt. Henry Lees EDWARDS, of Halifax the other Pt. Release being – same 4 names as before- 2nd Pt and Elizabeth NETTLETON, widow 3rd Pt; William BARBER, Southowram 4th Pt; Henry Lees EDWARDS 5th Pt. Great Common & Little Common now in the occupation of William ILLINGWORTH size 2a 1r 23p (see 1828) (Ref: 1830 KW 144 151)


 Lease between Edward HINCLIFFE of Cooper Bridge, York, Coal Merchant 1st Part and David GIGGAL the other Part, and Release between Edward HINCHLIFFE 1st Part and David GIGGAL 2nd Part and William RHODES of Horbury 3rd Part. Of and concerning all such part or parts…….close, piece, parcel of land situate at Ossett aforesaid being formerly part of the waste ground called Ossett Common and awarded by the Inclosure Act to Benjamin BAINES containing by admeasurement 1a 3r & 16p and in the tenure or occupation of the said Edward HINCHLIFFE, his assigns & undertenants (Ref: 1831 LA 304 266)



 William DAWSON, late of Outwood but now Stanley, Gent 1st Pt Sam’l ELLIS of Ossett clothier the Other Part & the Release between William DAWSON 1st Pt Reverend Thomas WESTMORELAND clerk 2nd Pt Benjamin OAKES of Ossett clothier 3rd Pt & Sam’l ELLIS 4th Pt, Joshua ELLIS 5th Pt Benj DIXON of Wakefield Gent 6th Pt. Of & Concerning all that messuage, dwellinghouse, yard, stables outbldgs etc. with cottage thereto adjoining. Also all that Close of Land called Near Laith Croft 6a 8p occupied by Benjamin OAKES. Also all that tenement, dwellinghouse with barn, outbldgs belonging. Also all that Close of Land called Far Laith Croft 4a 3r 31p now in the tenure of John WILSON Also all those cottages adjoining in the occupation of William LITTLEWOOD & Thomas DAWSON? Now or late of Titus FOZZARD & Benj FOZZARD, Near Laith Croft 5a 3r & Far Laith Croft 4a 1r 20p. Now or late of John CROWDER S & W and the Horbury Bridge Rd, N & E   Also cottage adjoining close called the Near Laith Close 37p and close containing 5a 3r 13p       Also close called Far Laith Croft 4a 1r 20p; allotment nearby containing 17p & other allotment containing 2r 22p   (Ref: 1832 LI 156 154)


John GREENWOOD, Ossett Surgeon 1st Pt. Thomas HEPWORTH Maltster 2nd Pt, Thomas HEPWORTH as Executor ???? 3rd Pt George GREENWOOD Surgeon and Sarah his wife (daughter of Thomas BARKER, dec’d. 4th Pt. John DIBB Pontefract, Linen Draper, Samuel HURST of Pontefract, Maltster and John TRUEMAN of same place, Banker, Trustees named in Last will & testament of Thos. BARKER dec’d 5th Pt & Roger HURST (trustee of the residue of the estate etc. (can’t read the 6th Pt) Of & Concerning all that land/meadow etc. Near Breary or Brier Ing 3a 3r 38p bounded by Wheat Royd N; Far Breary or Brier Ing S; and by Healey Lane W, late in the occupation of John GREENWOOD but now Mrs Hannah PARKER, which same close is also described in same Indenture of Release as the Brier Ing and as containing 4a. Also all that close of land called the Near Master Close cont 1a 2r 38p late in occupation of John GREENWOOD but now William ELLIS. Also all that close adjoining called the Far Master Close 3a 1r 20p bounded by the Far Brier Ing W; Pale Close NE, property of Mr CROWTHER E; property in occupation of Abraham ARCHER S also described in Indenture of Lease & Release; 9p. Also all that close called the New Close 2a 2r in the occupation of Thos DEWS but now Robt CLAY? Bounded by Dimple Wells etc. Also other land not in same area.(Ref: 1833 LK 610 558)

 Isaac? LODGE late of Ossett, now Wortley cotton manufacturer 1st Pt William BATT Of Manchester, Hannah his wife 2nd Pt. David GIGGAL of Giggal Hill, Yeoman 3rd Pt & Joseph ILLINGWORTH Butcher 4th Pt. Of & concerning such pt or pts as if of freehold & held by Deed all that close of land situate at Storge Hill (sic) called Common Side Close or Storrs Hill Close 3a 2r formerly in tenure of John RAYNER but now David GIGGAL his assigns etc. (Ref: 1833 LN 505 486)

 BECKETT – RHODES, Benjamin DIXON, Josh THORNS, Maltster etc. Several closes Laith, Middle, Low – and Wheat Royd 9a 2r Plots 104 & 46 or just 45 & 46? (Ref: 1833 LQ 426 437)


Mary ILLINGWORTH, widow, Joshua DEWS of Ossett, Mason & Elizabeth his wife & Thomas SHAW Snr Wakefield, Ironmonger 1st Pt.Joseph BRIGGS the Other Pt. Release between Mary ILLINGWORTH, widow, Joshua DEWS of Ossett, Mason & Elizabeth 1st Pt, Thomas SHAW Snr 2nd Pt and Joseph BRIGGS 3rd Pt. Of & concerning Cottage/Dwelling with garden and allotment adjoining situate on Ossett Common containing 1r 2ps bounded by Horbury Bridge Rd and by allotment of John WILBY and also allotment at Ossett Common End 1a 36ps & described in Ossett Inclosure Award as – E by Horbury Bridge Rd & Duke of Leeds & the said John WILBY. S by David GIGGALL & which said cottages are in occupation of Joseph CLEGG & Geo PICKARD etc… (Ref: 1834 LS 337 358)

 John AKED of Thornhill, Gent 1st Pt. Mary BENTLEY of Legrams, Bradford widow, 2nd Pt. & Joseph THORNES of Ossett, Gent 3rd Pt. Messuage/Dwelling, Maltkiln Engine, House, Steam Engine etc at Sowood Green, also several closes The Laith Croft, Middle Croft, Low Croft & Wheat Royd. The 3 first mentioned now forming 1 close containing 9a 2r. heretofore the estate of William BINGLEY, then Robert FLIGG. Also allotments in Ossett and also at Sowood Green 1p E by Encroachment belonging to Overseers of the Poor, W by ancient premises belonging to Joshua THORNES, N by Healey Lane Road & S by allotment awarded to Joshua THORNES. Also other allotments on Sowood Green consisting 1r 10p. E by Horbury Bridge Rd., W by Ossett Green Rd., N by allotment awarded to David DEWS & Duke of Leeds & S by allotment awarded to Joseph THORNES. Also other allotments on Sowood Green (including an encroachment containing 33p. E by Ossett Green Rd., W by ancient premises now or late of Joshua THORNES, N by encroachment of Overseers of the Poor & S by allotment. awarded to James CONINGTON, John LOFT and Eliz. CODD. Also other allotment at Ossett Common End 1r 12p E by Horbury Bridle Road, W by allotment awarded to James BRIGGS N by award of David GIGALL & S by award to Joshua THORNES THE ELDER!!! and in all that close of land/meadow called the Ox Close, formerly stated to contain 4a but since found to contain 5a 1r 10p and which last mentioned close was the estate of Robert FLIGG & purchased of him or his Trustees by Joseph THORNES, the father of Joshua and all that other close called Oldroyd Hill 3a 3r 3p (now 4a 10p) late of the estate of Samuel Bennett SMITH ( Ref: 1834 SF 712 785)

LAND CHANGES 1828 – 1834

NEW 1828- 1834


 Joseph TOMLINSON 1st Pt Nathan MITCHELL of Ossett Common the Other Pt. 2 cottages, dwellings etc. belonging, adjoining Ossett Lights and sometime in tenure of Thomas CLEGG & Wm BUTTERFIELD & later converted into 3 cotttages occupied by Joseph TOMLINSON, Joseph SMITH and Benjamin BATTYE & also all that land called the Low (or Near) Croft ?containing 1 acre and ? perches & now in the occupation of Nathan MITCHELL (near plot 104) (Ref: 1835 MA 66 45)


Mills & Bower to Marsden 1836 MK 415

 Jonathan GIGGAL of Giggal Hill clothier & Mary his wife 1st Pt George BRIGGS clothier of Ossett 2nd Pt & James BRIGGS 3rd Pt. Of & Concerning all that allotment of land on Ossett Common 3r 27p bounded E by Horbury Bridge Rd. W by allotment awarded to James? BRIGGS N by allotment awarded to John FARRER? S by allotment late of Geo. PICKARD? but now George BRIGGS etc. (Ref: 1836 ME 701 676 )

Joseph BRIGGS to William ???? 2a 20p named ‘One Acre’??? illegible ( Ref: 1836 MF 131 136 ) Is this on Ossett Common End ???

Wm MILLS & John BOWER, devisees of John CROWDER 1st Pt and Thos. WHITE the Other Pt. Release between Wm MILLS & John BOWER 1st Pt, Edwd HINCHCLIFFE,Gent 2nd Pt., Thomas WHITE 3rd Pt & John Sanderson ARCHER, Gent 4th Pt. Of & concerning Veins & Seams of Coal lying under the several closes of arable & pasture, named Low Master Close 5a 16p and Middle Master Close 3a 2r 34p, lately in the tenure and now lately David CHARLESWORTH, his assigns etc. (see 1824 IC 430 408) (Ref: 1836 MG 208 183)

John SCHOLEFIELD 1st Pt Francis NETTLETON of Wkfd Innkeeper 2nd Pt John NETTLETON of Storrs Hill Gent. 3rd Pt. Re decease of Elizabeth NETTLETON ? & also all messuages/cottages bldgs closes of land etc. situate at Storrs Hill which the said Elizabeth NETTLETON now enjoys for the term of her natural life?? the same 6th Pt which Francis NETTLETON is entitled to at the……I.can’t understand all this? (Ref: 1836 MG 232 207)

Memorial of an Indenture of Lease and Release bearing dates 3rd and 4th of August 1836 between William MILLS of York and John BOWER of Southall in the said County, Gent, Surviving trustees of the last Will & Testament of John CROWDER the Elder late of Brotherton in the said County, Esq., deceased, of the 1st Part and Benjamin MARSDEN of Storge (sic) Hill in Ossett in the said County, Skinner of the Other Part and the Release made BETWEEN the said William MILLS and John BOWER of the 1st Part, the said John BOWER of the 2nd Part the said Benjamin MARSDEN of the 3rd Part and John MARSDEN of Ossett aforesaid Clothier of the 4th Part. All and Concerning all that close, piece or parcel of land situate, lying and being at Storge Hill in the township of Ossett aforesaid called the Low Great Close, being formerly part of a close of land formerly called ‘Speight’ Close otherwise Storrs Hill Close but afterwards called Great Close and now divided into 2 closes called the Upper Great Close & Low Great Close, containing by admeasurement 4 acres and 21 perches, more or less, formerly in the occupation of Richard HOPWOOD subsequently Messrs John and William ILLINGWORTH, late of Joseph ILLINGWORTH and now of the said Benjamin MARSDEN and also a right of way or roadway ? the width of fifteen feet lately formed over and upon the northwest side of the said Close also the Upper Great Close being the remainder of the said Close called Great Close with full and free liberty to the said Benjamin MARSDEN, his heirs & assigns, servants appointees with carts and carriages, horses, asses, labourers etc., to pass & repass etc. (usual stuff afterwards about coal & other rights) (Ref: 1836 MK 415 418) 62 & 67 ??

William MILLS of York Esq John BOWER Of Southall.? York, Gent 1st Pt between John BOWER 1st Pt Benj. OAKES 2nd Pt and Samuel ELLIS of Ossett Manufacturer, trustee named by or on behalf of Benjamin OAKES of the 3td Pt. Of & Concerning; All that Allotment……..containing 3a 1r 20p known as Storrs Hill Allotment now in the tenure or occupation of Benj. OAKES & which said hereditaments & premises described as LOT 15? – E by Horbury Bridge Rd W & N by John CROWDER the elder, late of Brotherton, dec’d & S by Joseph TOLSON. (re Commissioners of Inclosure Act 1807 – 13) And also all that singular one moiety or equal half part into 2 equal parts?? (Ref: 1836 ML 497 469)  IS THIS A MORTGAGE??


 David CHARLESWORTH to Manchester & Leeds Railway. Land in Ossett required for railway. Done by Deed Poll 1a 1r 15ps (Ref: 1838 MW 585 538)


 William MILLS and John BOWER Trustees of John CROWDER 1st Pt and John GAWTHORPE Cloth Miller of Horbury Bridge the Other Pt. 2 Closes formerly 1 close called the Lower Ing but now divided into 2 closes called Lower Brier Ing 1a 3r 26p and Upper Brier Ing 2a 1r 2p now in the occupation of Thomas MOSS (Ref: 1839 ND 685 651)

William MILLS and John BOWER 1st Pt and David CHARLESWORTH. the Other Pt North bank of the River Calder – now divided into 2 pts 4a 1r 14p, formerly Richard HOPWOOD later John THOMAS, but now John MOSS– The Great Peacock Close 5a; Lower Long Close 3a 3r 19p, The Gt Rough Close 6a 3r 3p and the West…. hill 4a 1r 3p late in the occupation of Michael PARKER, since of Widow Parker & now recently erected & converted from 5 cottages with stables & outbuildings & also all that close of land adjoining called the Cow Pasture 4a and also land at Storrs Hill including the encroachment 1r 20p awarded by Commissioners of Inclosure Award to Francis MARSDEN E by Francis MARSDEN W by John GREENWOOD N by Horbury Bridge Rd., S by Francis Marsden And also other allotment on Storrs Hill cont. 3r 6p awarded to Francis MARSDEN described as bounded by Francis MARSDEN W by John GREENWOOD N by Francis MARSDEN, S by Joseph ILLINGWORTH, purchased by Francis MARSDEN of the Commissioners which 5 cotts/bldgs/closes etc., mentioned in the description formerly occupied by Joseph ILLINGWORTH, Isaac BARKER, Francis MARSDEN, Sam’l AUDSLEY, Wm. MARSDEN & Joseph BATTYE – now occupied by Nancy OAKES, the elder; Messrs OAKES & David WILBY ( Ref: 1839 NE 201 185)

WESTMORELAND TO ELLIS Thomas WESTMORLAND clerk, Vicar of Sandal Magna 1st Pt. Samuel ELLIS of Ossett, clothier the Other Pt. Messuage/tenement/dwellinghouse with yard, shops**, barn, stable ete. Theretofore belonging with cottage thereto adjoining. Also all that close of land called (including buildings) Near Laith Croft. 6a 8ps. late in the tenure of Benjamin OAKES and now Samuel ELLIS. Also all that other messuage/dwelling etc. belonging. And also that close of land called Far Laith Croft to the said messuage/dwelling etc belonging containing 4a 3r 31p late in the occupation of John WILSON.Also cottages/tenements adjoining late tenure of William LITTLEWOOD & Thomas NEWSOME all before described now or late of John CROWDER. S & W and the Horbury Bridge Rd. N & E all messuage adjoining etc. 37p and all that close called the Near Laith Close 4a 3r 13p and close called Far Laith Close 4a 1r 20p. Also allotment adjoining containing 17p and other allotment 2r 25p (Ref: 1839 NE 48 46) MORTGAGE ????                        (** These are not shops as we know them, probably weaving shops etc.)

 John BOWER, trustee of John CROWDER dec’d 1st Pt. George GREENWOOD the other Pt. Release between John BOWER 1st & 2nd Pt; George GREENWOOD 3rd Pt & Thomas GREENWOOD of Dewsbury 4th Pt. Of & concerning ‘Wheat Royd’ 4a 3r 20p, formerly occupied by Joseph THORNES IN 1??8 THEN Isaac & Abraham WARD W by Healey Lane E by George GREENWOOD (Ref: 1839 NH 507 447) (VERY DIFFICULT TO READ!)

 Mark CLEGG of Ossett, clothier & Jemima his wife 1st Pt. Joshua ELLIS of Ossett clothier the other Pt . Close of land at Storge hill called Common side close, or Horse Close 3a 2r. Formerly occupied by John RAYNER, afterwards David GIGGALL & now the Devisees of the Will of Mark CLEGG (Ref: 1839 NI 398 455)


Lease between John BOWER, Gent (surviving trustee of John CROWDER the elder, dec’d of the 1st Pt. Release between John BOWER the 2nd Pt & Geo PICKARD of Ossett 3rd Pt & George PRESTON of Horbury 4th Pt All that.???.. called the Over or Upper Master Closes (now divided into parts) containing 4a 2r 2p now in the occupation of George WARD. Together with all rights etc to and from South Corner of Lower Pale Close. (Ref: 1840 NM 512 543)   (PLOT 36 )

John BOWER 1st Pt John BRIGGS the Other Pt. Release to George BRIGGS 1r – north end of inclosure adjoining SOWOOD HOUSE (Is this Sowood Farm?)1a 3p awarded to John CROWDER (Ref: 1840 NQ 147 124)

 John BOWER Trustee of Will of John CROWDER dec’d. 1st Pt George GREENWOOD the Other Pt. 2 dwellings on Sowood Green, 30p. Also land containing. 1r 10p. E by Ossett Green Rd.,W by land before described, N by allotment of Duke of Leeds S by Joseph INGHAM & Elizth his wife, (awarded by Inclosure Act). Also the Croft, containing 1a 8p. Also Lower Pale Close 4a formerly in the occupation. of John Wm ILLINGWORTH ( Ref: 1840 NQ 148 126)

 John BOWER Trustee of Will of John CROWDER dec’d 1st & 2nd Pt George GREENWOOD & Sarah 3rd Pt & John DIBB & Sam’l HURST 4th Pt ‘Broomcroft‘ 6a 3r 14p also Upper Pale Close 7a 2r 7p in occupation of John & Wm ILLINGWORTH in 1805 but now Abraham WARD (Ref: 1841 NT 629 493)


Benj. MARSDEN of Storge Hill, skinner, 1st Pt Thomas Mitchell CHARLESWORTH of Horbury Solicitor 2nd Pt David CHARLESWORTH of Horbury Bridge, Farmer & Cloth Miller 3rd Pt. Of & concerning that close of land at Storge hill in Ossett & Horbury, Low Great Common Close formerly part of a close called Speight Close or Storrs Hill Close and now divided into 2 called Upper Great Close and Low Great Close 4a 21p in the occupation of Richard HOPWOOD, subsequently Messrs, John & William ILLINGWORTH, afterwards Joseph T?? late of the said Benj MARSDEN & now T. M. CHARLESWORTH. Also right of way etc. width of 15 feet lately formed upon the NW side of the said close (Upper Low Gt Close) (Ref:1841 OD 413 325)

 Benjamin MARSDEN Junr (Born 1800) died in 1844 aged 43. (Jane his wife died prior to him on 5th April 1840) leaving a daughter Sarah Ann MARSDEN (born 1833) For more information about the MARSDEN families please see my “Clarendon Villas” project on my website ( and Alan Howe’s excellent work on the Sowood area on Ossett History website (

LAND CHANGES 1835 – 1842

NEW 1835- 1842


Healey to Denton 1843 named



Mark CLEGG of Ossett, clothier & Jemima his wife 1st Pt. Joshua ELLIS of Ossett clothier 2nd Pt. Joshua ILLINGWORTH of Ossett, Butcher & Robert ILLINGWORTH clothier 3rd Pt & George PICKARD of Ossett Woolllen Manufacturer & Shopkeeper 4th Pt & George PRESTON of Horbury, shopkeeper 5th Pt. All that close of land at Storge HillCommonside Close or Horse Close 3a 2r formerly in the possession of John RAYNER, his assigns then David GIGALL & now or lately Mark CLEGG. (Ref: 1844 OX 128 143)

 John SCHOLEFIELD of Horbury 1st Pt Robert NETTLETON of Batley 2nd Pt Joseph THORNES 3rd Pt. Messuage/Dwelling and half an acre of land at Sowood Green occupied by Joshua DEWS. Also 3 cottages in front lately occupied by John Whitaker, Grace Lodge & Rachael Giggal. Also 2 Blacksmiths Shops (Ref:1844 OY 477 458)


 Richard TOLSON of Bradford, Gent, Edwin GREENWOOD of Keighley & Sophia Ann BUTTERFIELD of Southport, widow 1st Pt. Joseph THORNES 2nd Pt & John AKED of Bradford & Nathan BENTLEY of Horton, Worsted Manufacturer 3rd Pt, Messuage/dwelling with maltkiln at Sowwood Green and several closes- Laith Croft, Middle Croft & Low Croft (should these be LEE, not LAITH?) & Wheatroyd 9a 2r. Also other allotment 1r 10p E by Horbury Bridge Rd. W by Ossett Green Rd & N by allotments of David DEWS. Also Allotment 1p E by Church Wardens W by Ancient Premises of Josh THORNES N by Healey Rd S by Josh THORNES. Also other allotment 1r 10p E by Horb Bridge Rd., W by Ossett Green Rd N by allotments of David DEWS & Duke of Leeds & S by .??. awarded to ..??….THORNES. Also other allotments including 33p E by Ossett Green Rd W by ancient premises of Josh THORNES N by Churchwardens & S by James CONINGTON John LOFT and Eliz. CODD. Also other allot. 1r 12p E by Horb Bridge Rd W by James BRIGGS N by allot of David GIGGAL & S by Josh THORNES the elder. Also in Ossett The Upper Ox Close 4a (but since found to be 5a 1r 10p) Also Oldroyd Hill 3a 3r 33p (but now 4a 10? p) (Ref: 1845 OZ 432 434)

 Thomas CROWTHER of Liverpool. Merchant, Trustees of ….John CROWTHER Gent late of Brotherton deceased 1st Pt. John GAWTHORPE of Horbury Bridge, Cloth Miller 2nd Pt. Mary BAYLDON of Horbury spinster 3rd Pt. Land in Ossett now divided into 2 parts called ‘ Upper Cherry Tree Close’ (Plot 35 in 1843) containing 4a 2r 9p. the former estate of John CROWTHER and now in the occupation of Martha FARRER. (1843 plots 34 & 35 owned by William Mosley PERFECT (Ref: 1845 PE 429 438)


Lease & ReleaseThomas CROWTHER of Liverpool. Merchant, Trustees of ….John CROWTHER Gent late of Brotherton deceased – Last Will & Testament of John CROWTHER 1st Pt George LISTER of Horbury Bridge Miller 2nd Pt & John BAYLDON Gent the 3rd Part. All that close piece/parcel of land situate in Ossett called ‘The Upper Long Close’ containing 4a 29p now in the occupation of Widow FARRER together with appts, subject to a foot, horse & carriage road 15ft wide now enjoyed for all purposes over & along the S end & part of the W side of the said close saving & excepting mines etc. (Ref: 1845 PE 429 439)

BOWER Exors to CROWDER & others (made 10th April Reg. 5th May); Benj. HEMSWORTH, of Monk Fryston Hall & Elizabeth his wife (formerly Elizabeth BOWER spinster) John HEAP of Scarborough, Gent. Edward Lake HEAP of Huddersfield Gent & John Crowder PERFECT of Settle Esq. – the Executors of John BOWER late of Smeathalls, Co of York Gent. dec’d the last surviving trustee of John CROWDER, then late of Brotherton dec’d (known as John CROWDER the Testator) 1st Pt – Benjamin HEMSWORTH & Elizabeth (the only child & heiress at law of John BOWER 2nd Pt. Eliza Frances CROWDER of Cheltenham, spinster, Rev John Hutton CROWDER of Edinburgh, clerk, Edward Forster CROWDER Lieut. In Her Majesty’s 6th Reg. of Foot, stationed in Dublin, William Goodwin CROWDER of Cheltenham, Gent, Anne Julia CROWDER same place, spinster & Thomas Mosley CROWDER the six only children of John CROWDER, then late of Cheltenham, a Colonel in the Army, dec’d, one of the children of the said John CROWDER The Testator and thereafter referred to as John CROWDER the son – of the 3rd Pt Thomas CROWDER of Liverpool, Merchant, another child of John CROWDER the Testator the 4th Part Julia MALLORY of Wilton House, Chester, widow (formerly Julia CROWDER spinster another of the children of John CROWDER Testator 5th Pt The said John Crowder PERFECT, William Mosley PERFECT of Pontefract, Gent, William BROUGHTON of Cheltenham Captain in the Royal Navy and Eliza his wife (formerly Eliza PERFECT spinster, Charles PERFECT of Tickhill Co of York, Surgeon, Frank PERFECT of Leeds, Merchant, Catherine PERFECT of Settle, Spinster, Henry Goodwin PERFECT, of Bradford, Merchant, Frances Lucy PERFECT, Lucy Julia PERFECT and Emma PERFECT all of Settle, spinsters, (All children of John PERFECT, late of Pontefract, Banker, dec’d and Elizabeth his wife, also dec’d (formerly Elizabeth CROWTHER spinster & another of the children of John CROWDER the Testator) 6th Pt. The said Thomas CROWDER, Wm Mosley PERFECT & Charles PERFECT 7th Pt OF & CONCERNING Messuage/Dwellinghouse, formerly 2 dwellings, barns, stables etc., several parcels of land: The Allotment 1a 3p; The Lane 1r 19p; The Little Croft 1r 18p; The Great Croft 1a 1r 27p; The Near Park 3a 3r 10p; The Far Park 3a 1r; The Warren Close 8a 2r 2p; The Lane End Close 6a 2r 6p – All situate in Ossett, formerly occupied by John and William ILLINGWORTH but then Sam’l WARD. ALSO in Ossett Upper Cherry Tree Close – divided into 2 closes containing together 4a 2r 9p in the occupation of Martha FARRER. Quarry Close 6a 3r 38p occupied by Sam’l WARD; Near Laith Croft & Far Laith Croft together 5a 1r 23p occupied by Edward HANSON; Upper Long Great Close 5a 2r 18p occupied by Benj OAKES. (Ref: 1845 PF 190 186)


Thomas CROWDER, Wm Mosley PERFECT and Charles PERFECT 1st Pt; David ELLIS 2nd Pt;  Samuel OAKES Manuf. Chemist 3rd Pt & Joseph ELLIS Chemist 4th Pt. All that land called the 5 Warren Closes formerly part of Warren Close now divided into 3 – Near, Mid & Far Warren Close 3a Bounded by the Mid Warren Close sold to Samuel ELLIS on the N; by property of Mr OAKES on the S; a public highway from Ossett to Horbury Bridge on the E and by the Lane End Close, sold to Geo. PICKARD on the W, formerly in the occupation of John & Wm ILLINGWORTH, then Samuel WARD, then John HILL and now Samuel OAKES (Ref:1846 PL 655 658)

Thomas CROWDER, Wm Mosley PERFECT and Charles PERFECT 1st Pt David ELLIS 2nd Pt. Samuel ELLIS Cloth Manuf. 3rd Pt. All the south end or remainder of the large Barn Fold adjoining Little Barn, Mistal, Stable etc 3r 3p divided from the north end of the remainder of the large Barn fold yd & from messuage/dwellings, croft & other premises from Lot 1 at auction of estates of late John CROWDER the Testator. All those 3 closes called by several names – Near Warren Close being formerly part of Warren Close & now in 3 closes Near, Middle & Far Warren Closes containing 2a 2r 2p and The LANE 1r 19p all which south end of the large Barn Close situated in Ossett formerly in the occupation of John & Michael ILLINGWORTH, then Samuel WARD and now David ELLIS. together with all rights etc. (Ref: 1846 PL 656 659)

Thomas CROWDER, Wm Mosley PERFECT and Charles PERFECT 1st Pt; David ELLIS 2nd Pt. Samuel ELLIS Cloth Manuf. 3rd Pt. And David ELLIS 4th Pt. All that Close called Middle Warren Close. N by Warren Close S by Far Warren Close E by public highway from Ossett to Horbury Bridge and W by Lane End Close. (Ref: 1846 PL 657 660)

Thomas CROWDER, Wm Mosley PERFECT and Charles PERFECT 1st Pt George PRESTON Shopkeeper of Horbury 2nd Pt & Ann PRESTON Spinster 3rd Pt. Quarry Close 6a 3r 38p (subject to occupation road 15′ wide over the south side).(Ref:1846 PL 658 661)Thos CROWDER; Wm. Mosley PERFECT; & Charles PERFECT 1st Pt. Geo PICKARD Grocer, 2nd Pt Geo PRESTON of Hbry 3rd pt. All that close of land in Ossett called the Lane End Close 6a 2r 6p (Ref: 1846 PM 558 597)

Thomas CROWDER; Wm. PERFECT; & Charles PERFECT 1st Pt. Benj TERRY, Gent of Bolton Cottage, Calverley. The Other Pt. Close of land – Lower Pale Close 3a 1r 30p and also those 2 closes Near Laithe Croft 2a 1r 11p & Far Laithe Croft 3a 12p occupied by Edward HANSON (Ref: 1846 PR 391 410)

 William OAKES of Flanshaw, Yarn Manufacturer 1st Pt Nancy OAKES the elder of Storrs Hill, widow 2nd Pt. The said William OAKES, Sam’l OAKES of Ossett Manufacturer,, thereafter described as the younger, Henry OAKES and Philip OAKES both of Flanshaw, Yarn Manufacturers , Hannah OAKES, Nancy OAKES the younger and Eliza OAKES all of Storrs Hill, spinsters 3rd Pt and Samuel OAKES of Huddersfield Grocer thereafter described as the Elder 4th Pt. Of & concerning all that freehold allotment etc with barn, stable foldstead etc recently erected upon part of the allotment by Benjamin OAKES situate at Storrs Hill containing by admeasurement with the said farm premises 3a 1r 29ps known as Storrs Hill Allotment, late in the tenure of Benj OAKES dec’d but now Hannah OAKES bounded E by Horbury Bridge Rd W & N by ancient Inclosure formerly of John CROWDER dec’d & S by allotment awarded to Joseph TOLSON on Ossett Incl Act. And all & singular one undivided moiety or equal half part the whole into 2 equal parts to be divided ……….. and in all that messuage/dwelling with 2 cottages etc. recently erected & converted from 5 cottages with stables & outbldgs. And also all that close of land adjoining called the COW PASTURE 4a and also allotment of land at Storrs Hill including the incroachment 1r 20p awarded by Commissioners of Inclosure Act to Francis MARSDEN E by Francis MARSDEN W by John GREENWOOD N by Horb Bridge Rd S by Francis MARSDEN W by Joseph GREENWOOD N by Francis MARSDEN S by Joseph ILLINGWORTH purchased by Francis MARSDEN of the Commissioners which 5 cottages bldgs, closes etc mentioned in the description formerly occupied by Joseph ILLINGWORTH, Isaac BARKER, Francis MARSDEN, Saml AUDSLEY, Wm MARSDEN & Joseph BATTYE – now occupied by Nancy OAKES the elder, Messrs OAKES & David WILBY (Ref: 1846 PR 397 379)


Thomass CROWDER; Wm. PERFECT; & Charles PERFECT 1st Pt. Benj. TERRY the other Pt. Of & concerning Upper Low Great Close 5a 2r 18p late in the occupation of Benj. OAKES. (Ref: 1847 PX 203 195)


LISTER to SCHOLEFIELD Mortgage. George LISTER of Horbury Bridge, cloth miller 1st Pt & John SCHOLEFIELD Gent the other Pt. 4a 20p- late in the occupation of Widow FARRAR but now George LISTER. All that close piece/parcel of land situate in Ossett called The Upper Long Close Together with dwellings, outbuildings etc erected or being erected (Ref: 1848 PX 628 626)


George LISTER (now residing near Horbury Bridge), township of Ossett Cloth Miller 1st Pt John SCHOLEFIELD of Horbury Gent the other Pt. All that close piece/parcel of land situate in Ossett called The Upper Long Close‘ all that messuage & dwellings erected and all alterations and improvements thereon. Tog with appts etc. (Ref:1849 QG 542 588) (Don’t understand these two deeds!)

Richard HIRD? Of Huddersfield Gent 1st Pt Ann PRESTON spinster of Wakefield 2nd Pt & Geo. PRESTON Farmer & Geo. PICKARD 3rd Pt. All that close of land called Quarry Close in Ossett 6a 3r 38p formerly in occupation of Wm. ILLINGWORTH, then Samuel WARD, late of John HILL & now …….CROWTHER subject to Occupation Rd., 15′ wide over the South side or end to be forever repaired etc., by Geo PRESTON & Geo PICKARD. their assigns etc. Other rights mentioned – lanes near Warren Close (David ELLIS) Lane End Close (belonging to Geo PICKARD) (Ref: 1849 QK 188 210)

 LAND CHANGES 1844 – 1850

1844 - 1849



 WILL OF JOHN MARSDEN. Of Storrs Hill, Ossett, skinner. 30th day of January 1850. (Died 11th December 1849). Joseph Marsden of Storrs Hill Ossett, Fellmonger, the brother of the Testator John Marsden was sworn in as Executor. “I devise all real estates vested in me as mortgage or trustee with my Brother Joseph Marsden and my sister Hannah Marsden upon such trusts and subject to such equities as shall at my decease be subsisting, concerning, the same respectively. I give and devise the Dwellinghouse, Parlour, Shop and Croft of land situate on Giggle Hill in Ossett aforesaid now or late in the several occupations of myself, my brother Joseph Marsden and Philip Briggs with rights members and appurtenances unto my sister Hannah Marsden for and during the term of her natural life and upon her decease I give and devise the same Dwellinghouse, Parlour Shop & Croft of land unto my niece Sarah Ann Marsden, her heirs and assigns for ever. I give and devise my two fifths shares in Breary Mapplewell Close in Ossett aforesaid unto my sister Hannah Marsden for and during the term of her natural life and after her decease I give and devise the same 2/5ths shares in Breary Mapplewell Close unto my nephews John Marsden Laycock and Alfred Laycock. To hold to them their heirs and assigns for ever as Tenants in Common and not as Joint Tenants. I give and bequeath unto my niece Sarah Ann Laycock the legacy of £50 to be paid to her when she attains the age of 22 yrs by my Executor and Executrix hereinafter named. I give devise & bequeath all the residue and remainder of my real and personal estate not hereinbefore disposed of (but subject to the payment of my just debts funeral and testamentary expenses and the expenses of proving and registering this my Will), unto my said Brother Joseph Marsden, his heirs executors administrators and assigns. I appoint my said Brother Joseph Marsden and my sister Hannah Marsden Executor and Executrix of this my Will and I hereby revoke all former and other Wills by me heretofore made.             Witnessed & signed 12th December 1848                                                                                                                                                       Sworn Under £200   Prerogative 5th March 1850


 John NETTLETON of Wkfd, Gent 1st Pt Benjamin TERRY of Bradford, Gent 2nd Pt; John BAYLDON of Horbury Gent, John HAGUE of Dewsbury Esq; Edward MEYNELL Esq., Robert SCOTT of Wkfd Esq., Devisees & Executors of John SCHOLEFIELD of Horbury deceased 3rd Pt. 1/6th part or share etc. in the messuage/dwelling house situate at Storrs Hill called SOWOOD HOUSE,(Sowood Farm??) formerly in the occupation of John NETTLETON deceased then Rev.   ? BAYLDON & now Benjamin MARSDEN together with Barn, yard stable etc., & also all those 7 cottages at Storrs Hill & near to the said messuage in the several occupation of William BATLEY, Thomas PYRAH, George WOOD, Thomas HUNTINGTON, James JACKSON, Wm. BROADHEAD & Charles ALLEN. and other closes in Ossett known as CALF CROFT; THE ING; THE 2 OX CLOSES and the MAPPLEWELL otherwise LIGHTS & allotments adjoining 25a in the occupation of Charles H MITCHELL (Ref: 1852 RN 213 228)


WILL of David ELLIS dated 19th Dec 1850. Dwelling in Ossett, where he dwelt, with workshops adjoining. Also Square Close or Square Brearey Ing in Healey Lane Side PROBATE to David ELLIS one of the Devisees (Ref: 1853 RB 719 1123)

Scholefield to Mitchell. Exors of Thomas HAIGH of Horbury Bridge. Thomas Mitchell 2nd Pt? 2 messuages/dwellings with shop & appts, formerly estate of David PICKARD the elder deceased NO DETAILS (Ref: 1853 RT 711 822)


John PULLEIN of Wkfd Gent, Devisee of Thomas FOZARD, Benj BAINES & many others. Close called Brier Ing 3a (Ref: 1854 GA 458 564)

John AKED of Thornhill, Gent 1st Pt. Mary BENTLEY of Legrams, Bradford widow, 2nd Pt. & Joseph THORNES of Ossett, Gent 3rd Pt. Mess/Dwelling, Maltkiln Engine, House, Steam Engine etc at Sowood Green, also several closes The Laith Croft, Middle Croft, Low Croft & Wheat Royd. The 3 first mentioned now forming 1 close cont. 9a 2r. heretofore the estate of William BINGLEY, then Robert FLIGG. Also allotments in Ossett and also at Sowood Green 1p E by Incroachment belonging to Overseers of the Poor, W by ancient premises belonging to Josh. THORNES, N by Healey Lane Road & S by allotment awarded to Josh. THORNES. Also other allotments on Sowood Green consisting 1r 10p. E by Horbury Bridge Rd., W by Ossett Green Rd., N by allotment awarded to David DEWS & Duke of LEEDS & S by allotment awarded to Joseph THORNES. Also other allotments on Sowood Green (including an encroachment containing 33p. E by Ossett Green Rd., W by ancient premises now or late of Josh. THORNES, N by encroachment of Overseers of the Poor & S by allotment. awarded to James CONINGTON, John LOFT and Eliz. CODD. Also other allotment at Ossett Common End 1r 12p E by Horbury Bridle Road,*** W by allotment awarded to James BRIGGS N by award of David GIGALL & S by award to Joshua THORNES THE ELDER!!! and in all that close of land/meadow called the Ox Close, formerly stated to contain 4a but since found to contain 5a 1r 10p and which last mentioned close was the estate of Robert FLIGG & purchased of him or his Trustees by Joseph THORNES, the father of Joshua and all that other close called Oldroyd Hill 3a 3r 3p (now 4a 10p) late of the estate of Samuel Bennett SMITH (Ref: 1854 SF 712 785)

(Horbury Bridle Rd. is now Horbury Rd.,)


Will of Charles PERFECT (made 1842) of Bawtry, Apothecary. Probate granted to Richard CHAMBERS one of the Devisees. All his lands etc. (Ref: 1857 QB 722 1107)

Probate: Last Will & Testament of John Crowder PERFECT (dated 1st Aug 1838) formerly of Pontefract but now Settle. Probate granted to Elizabeth PERFECT, widow, the surviving devisee under the said Will (Ref: 1857 TB 255 442)


LISTER & Mortgagees to HIRST, John BAYLDON Gent 1st Pt. John PICKERSGILL Tavistock Sq., Middx Merchant, Frederick Robert JONES of Birk House Almondbury Land Agent & Richard BATTYE of Brazenose College, University of Oxford, Esq. 2nd Pt. George LISTER of Ossett 3rd Pt and Roger HIRST of Horbury Yeoman 4th Pt. All that close piece/parcel of land situate in Ossett called ‘The Upper Long Close’ 4a 29p, formerly in the possession of Widow FARRER now George LISTER or his tenants ALSO all those several messuages & dwellings with outbuildings erected by the said GEORGE LISTER on the said close of land or some part of thereof and now in the respective occupation of the said George LISTER and of William DEWS & Abraham HELLEWELL . Tog with appts etc. (Ref: 1858 UI 183 215)

LAND CHANGES 1850 – 1858

1850 - 1858


 Joseph ELLIS of Ossett, Chemist & Druggist of the 1st Pt and John, Philip and Eli ELLIS, all of Ossett Cloth Manufacturers the Other Pt. All that one undivided 4th pt that Joseph ELLIS should be entitled to: Of and Concerning Firstly, all those 2 closes called Near Laith Croft and Far Laith Croft containing together (including the site of the mill, warehouse, cottages etc 10a 3r 39p. Bounded NE by Ossett Green Rd., SE by Storrs Hill, SW by land purchased by Joseph, John, Philip & Eli ELLIS of the Trustees of John CROWDER Esq and Secondly hereinafter described and NW by other land formerly of John CROWDER (and all that messuage/dwelling situate on the said close called the Near Laith Croft and lately in the occupation of Mary ELLIS dec’d. And also all warehouses, weaving shops, burling places, stables, cottages etc. now in the occupation of Joseph, John, Philip and Eli ELLIS. And also 2 cottages at the NE corner of the said close called Far Laith Croft and now or late in the occupation of Titus SMITH and William LITTLEWOOD. And also all that Mill, Manufacturing, Engine House, Boiler, Dyehouse, Reservoir etc. used for cloth manufacturing by Joseph, John Philip and Eli ELLIS and now in their occupation and all buildings erected and conveyed to Samuel ELLIS dec’d the father of the said parties (see 23rd June 1832 LI 156 154). Secondly land known as Near Laith Croft 2a 22r 10p and also messuage/dwelling on SW side of Near Laith Croft, now in the occupation of Joseph ELLIS and barn also in occupation of Joseph, John, Philip & Eli ELLIS and also cottages adjacent, said messuage now or late in occupation of John BEAUMONT and also land situated on NW side of the last described land known as The Near Park or Middle Park 3a 3r 10p and also the other close on NW side called Far Park 3a 1r which last described 3 closes are bounded NE by hereditaments first described, E by Storrs Hill, S & SW by hereditaments now or late of David ELLIS and NW by land formerly of John CROWDER and also 5 plots of land described in a certain sale of the estate of Joseph THORNES – Lots 10,11,12,13 & 14 situate on Ossett Common called Giggal Hill (see Indenture dated 23/2/1854 between Joseph THORNES 1st Pt and Joseph, John, Philip & Eli ELLIS the other PT) (Ref: 1859 UO 566 647)

Wm. HOLT, Gent 1st Pt. Richard CHARLESWORTH, Farmer the Other Pt. Several closes in Ossett – Little Peacock Close 3a 2r 30p; Great Peacock Close 5a 1r 3p; also West Cinder Hill 6a 3r 39p, East Cinder Hill 8a 19p and Bridge Close 10a 5p; all in possession of Richard CHARLESWORTH. Also equal half part share in Close of land at Horbury BridgeBottom of the Storrs Hill lane Close or ‘Jonas’? close containing 1a 3r. 5 dwellings in occupation of David CHARLEWORTH, Thomas BARSTOW, Samuel LEDGARD, Richard PICKARD, Joseph BROOKE & George ADAMSON but now or lately Richard CHARLESWORTH ( Ref: 1859 UP 283 318)

John GAWTHORPE of Healey, Innkeeper 1st Pt. Wm GAWTHORPE of Horbury Bridge, Cloth Miller & Ann CLAFTON of Healey, widow the Other PT. Two closes (formerly one close called the Lower Ing now divided into 2 closes and called several names) containing Lower Brier Ing 1a 3r 26p & Upper Brier Ing 2a 1r 2p. In the occupation of Thomas MOSS. And also that messuage used as an Inn called The Millers Arms with barn, stables etc. adjoining. formerly erected by John GAWTHORPE on one of the closes some time ago in his own occupation but now his son John GAWTHORPE the younger. And also all those 12 cottages, Millwright shop & other bldgs also erected by John GAWTHORPE on one of the closes & now in several occupations of John GAWTHORPE & other tenants. And also all that other close, now divided into 2 pts Upper Cherry Tree Close 4a 2r 9p. Together with all appts etc. (Ref: 1859 UQ 127 147) (See 1862 WP 569 626 and 1862 WU 652 684)


Samuel OAKES of Huddersfield, Grocer 1st Pt William OAKES of Flanshaw, Yarn Manufacturer. Henry OAKES of Flanshaw, Gent, Nancy ELLIS (formerly OAKES) 2nd Pt and Eli ELLIS 3rd Pt. All that land with barns, stable etc, recently erected by Benjamin OAKES at Storrs Hill 3a 1r 29p called Storrs Hill Allotment, formerly in the tenancy of Benjamin OAKES Dec’d, then Hannah OAKES but now Eli ELLIS. Bounded E by Horbury Bridge Rd., W & N by Ancient Enclosures, formerly of John CROWDER dec’d., S by Joseph TOLSON (awarded to John Crowder on 1813 Incl Award) and all messuages/dwellings, 2 cottages, warehouses at Storrs hill (partly newly erected & partly from the 5 cottages already erected and all that land called the COW PASTURE 4a and also land at Storrs Hill 1a 20p (awarded to Francis MARSDEN in 1813) E by Ancient Enclosures late of Francis MARSDEN, W by John GREENWOOD (1813) N by Horbury Bridge Rd., and S by Francis MARSDEN and all that land at Storrs Hill 3r 6p (awarded to Francis MARSDEN) (Ref: 1861 WK 339 392)


John, Philip & Eli ELLIS 1st Pt John HARGRAVE, of Burley 2nd Pt and Steven WHITHAM 3rd Pt. 2 closes – Nr Laith Croft and Far Laith Croft including Mill Warehouse, messuage etc 10a 3r & 39p. NE by Ossett Green Rd. SE by Storrs Hill? SW by land of the said J, P & E ELLIS(Ref: 1862 WO 518 553) (LOTS MORE – I THINK ITS THE SAME AS 1866 ELLIS)

 John WRIGHT Gent 1st Pt John GAWTHORPE of Ossett late an Innkeeper but now a Cloth Miller 2nd Pt and William SENIOR of Wakefield, Gent 3rd Pt. Two closes (formerly one close called the Lower Ing now divided into 2 closes and called several names) containing Lower Brier Ing 1a 3r 26p & Upper Brier Ing 2a 1r 2p. And also that messuage used as an Inn called The Miller Arms with barn, stables etc. adjoining. formerly erected by John GAWTHORPE on one of the closes some time ago in his own occupation but now his son John GAWTHORPE the younger. And also all those 12 cottages, Millwright shop & other bldgs also erected by John GAWTHORPE on one of the closes & now in several occupations of John GAWTHORPE & other tenants. And also all that other close, now divided into 2 pts Upper Cherry Tree Close 4a 2r 9p. Together with all appts etc. (Ref: 1862 WP 569 626)

 John GAWTHORPE of Healey Cloth Miller 1st Pt William STEWART of Wakefield, Solicitor the Other Pt. Two closes (formerly one close called the Lower Ing now divided into 2 closes and called several names) containing Lower Brier Ing 1a 3r 26p & Upper Brier Ing 2a 2r 2p. formerly in occupation of Thomas MOSS then John GAWTHORPE but now John GAWTHORPE the younger. And also that messuage used as an Inn called The Miller Arms with barn, stables etc. adjoining. formerly erected by John GAWTHORPE on one of the closes some time ago in his own occupation but now his son John GAWTHORPE the younger. And also all those 12 cottages, Millwright shop & other bldgs also erected by John GAWTHORPE on one of the closes & now in several occupations of John GAWTHORPE & other tenants. And also all that other close, now divided into 2 pts Upper Cherry Tree Close 4a 2r 9p. formerly the estate of John CROWTHER dec’d, afterwards in occupation of Martha FARRER & lately John GAWTHORPE but now John GAWTHORPE the younger. Together with all appts etc. (Ref: 1862 WU 652 684) See 1862 WP 569 626 and 1859 UQ 127 147

 LAND CHANGES 1859 – 1862

1859 - 1862


Wm OAKES, & Joseph ELLIS 1st Pt. Thomas Edwin OAKES 2nd Pt , Ann OAKES the 3rd Pt and Eli ELLIS the 4th Pt. Far Warren Close (pt of Warren Close) 3a bounded by Samuel ELLIS, Mid Warren Close N, by …………..S by Public Highway from Ossett to Horbury Bridge, E and by the Lane End Close (sold to Geo. PICKARD) W (formerly in the occupation of John & William ILLINGWORTH then Samuel WARD, then John HILL, late of Samuel OAKES and now Eli ELLIS. And all that messuage, coachhouse, outbuildings etc. built on part of the close now in the occupation of Eli ELLIS, which was conveyed to Samuel OAKES deceased by Indenture (9th Oct 1856 between Thos CROWDER, Wm Mosley PERFECT and Charles PERFECT 1st Pt, David ELLIS 2nd Pt, Samuel OAKES 3rd Pt and Joseph ELLIS 4th Pt (Ref: 1863 XN 324 360)

John ILLINGWORTH of Storrs Hill 1st Pt & Francis BRIGGS Rag & Mungo Merchant the Other Pt. 2 closes of land (formerly in one) near & adjoining Storrs Hill & called Storrs Hill Close, formerly occupied by Joseph ILLINGWORTH the Elder, dec’d but now Joseph ILLINGWORTH with Dwellinghouse, stables, cowhouse etc. also occupied by Joseph ILLINGWORTH (Ref: 1863 XU 61 145)




Firstly Middle Warren Close (including buildings!)(now in 2 closes) 2a 3r 4ps Warren Close some time ago divided into 3 – Near, Middle & Far) North by David ELLIS; partly by William ELLIS (the remaining portion of Mid Warren Close) & partly by late Philip ELLIS. E by road from Ossett to Horbury Bridge and partly by said remaining portion of Middle Warren Close W & South by said Eli ELIS; W by Messrs PICKARD (formerly occupied by Simon SCHOLEFIED but now by the said John & Eli ELLIS. And also all that messuage or dwelling house with the ‘shopping?? And other outbldgs erected on part of the said close formerly in the occupation of Mrs ROLLINSON and Messrs NETTLETON

Secondly all that messuage or tenement near to the wharf of the Calder& Hebble Navigation at Horbury Bridge with the yard, stable & gardens adjoining formerly in the tenures of John HIRST and William HIRST (See Deed 1851) Proprietors of Calder & Hebble Navigation 1st pt & Joseph GAWTHORPE

Thirdly plot of land 3a 1r 32p (Ref: 1865 YL 752 813)


Nathaniel GIGGAL, widower, Weaver 1st Pt; Henry SANDERSON Painter & Decorator the Other part. Plot of land at Ossett (formerly waste ground called Ossett Common End & awarded to David BAINES (by Comm. of Inclosure Award). E by Horbury Bridge Rd. W by Property of Reps. of late Geo. PICKARD, N by other property part of said allotment belonging to Nathaniel GIGGAL and S by the other part of said allotment sold by Nathaniel GIGGAL to William ALLAT & containing on the East end 15 yds W end 19 yds 6 inches, N 40 yds 15 inches & S 28 yds 6 inches and containing on the whole 500 sq yds     (Ref: 1866 ZA 713 826)

Nathaniel GIGGAL, widower, Weaver 1st Pt; Edmund WILBY weaver (married since 1834) the other Pt. Plot of land 430 sq yds. set out from part of a close of land awarded to Benjamin BAINES who subsequently conveyed the same close to Edward HINCHLIFFE,who then conveyed it to David GIGGAL who devised the same to Nathaniel GIGGAL, Bounded E by and has a frontage of 10 yds to a public road leading from Horbury. W by a close of land belonging to David PICKARD. S by land recently sold by Nathaniel GIGGAL to Henry SANDERSON & N by other piece of land lately sold to Messrs Benjamin & Henry GIGGAL by Nathaniel GIGGAL   (Ref: 1866 ZG 457 509)

Stephen WHITHAM of Harrogate 1st Pt and Joseph, Philip and Eli ELLIS of Ossett the other Pt. Plot sized 3a 2r 2&1third p; NW by Storrs hill Rd., ? by Ossett Green S and E by other hereditaments belonging to J.P & E ELLIS. Secondly Plot 7a 27 & 2/3 ps. NW by Storrs hill Rd., W & SW partly by John BRIGGS Devisees and partly by hereditaments of J. P & E ELLIS. AND ALL THAT MANSION HOUSE now in the course of erection and 2 other messuages with land and buildings etc. (Ref: 1866 ZH 94 108) (PARK HOUSE PLOT 48 ???)

DEED 1866 ZH 95 109 

1866 Deed 109

Deed 109 a

Deed 109 b

John ELLIS, Philip ELLIS, Eli ELLIS of Ossett, Cloth Manufacturers the 1st Pt, John and Eli ELLIS 2nd Pt, Philip ELLIS 3rd Pt and Edmund TEALE of Ossett, Bookkeeper 4th Pt. Of & concerning Plots of land, ‘Mansion house’**, (Is this the house named ‘Sowood House’ marked on the old map, also known as the ‘Manor House’?? )  dwelling House, hereditaments etc comprising the 1st of 2 schedules. Firstly plot of land at Ossett 3a 2r 2and 1 third p. Bounded NW by Storrs Hill Rd W by Ossett Green S & E by other hereditaments of J, P & E ELLIS. Secondly that other plot of land cont. 3a 1r 21 and 1 third p. Bounded NW by Storrs hill Rd W & S ????? partly by hereditaments belonging to John BRIGGS devisees & partly by other hereditaments belonging to J, P & E ELLIS on the SE by land & hereditaments described in the 2nd schedule & NE by land & hereditaments described in 2nd schedule and also that messuage/dwellinghouse with outbuildings upon the lastly described plot & now in the occupation of George HARRISON and John BEAUMONT all delineated on Plan (NO PLAN). Second Schedule plot of land cont 3a 1r 32p NW partly by hereditaments secondly described in First Schedule & partly by plot described on SW by other hereditaments to J, P & E ELLIS, SE side thereof by public footway and NE by land & hereditaments recently purchased by Philip ELLIS and also that MANSION HOUSE & outbuildings now in the course of erection (( “PARK HOUSE” ?)) on the said plot. Secondly, all that other plot of land in Ossett cont. 1r 14 and 1third p NW by Storrs hill Rd SW by land & hereditaments secondly described in the first schedule on the SE by part of land & hereditaments lastly thereon before described & NE partly by land & property of David ELLIS & partly by land & hereditaments recently purchased by Philip ELLIS (Ref: 1866 ZH 95 109)


Park House became Ossett Grammar School in September 1907


David ELLIS of Ossett, Gent the 1st Pt, Philip ELLIS of Ossett, Cloth Manufacturer the Other Pt, Near Warren Close bounded SW by another plot of land lately purchased by Philip ELLIS of David ELLIS which also formed part of Near Warren Close. E by the remaining part belonging to David ELLIS and/ or to be separated by a fence belonging to Philip ELLIS on the N by property of Messrs ELLIS Bros. and S by Middle Warren Close conveyed to David ELLIS which included that portion of the said Road 15ft wide on the northern side thereof containing 1a 1r & 3ps Together with appts. re Indenture 9th Oct 1846 between Thomas CROWDER of Liverpool, Merchant; William Mosley PERFECT late of Pontefract but then of Lancaster Gent and Charles PERFECT of Tickhill, Surgeon? 1st Pt David ELLIS 2nd Pt and Samuel ELLIS of Ossett Cloth Manufacturer 3rd Pt (Ref 1866 ZK 538 592)

 AND CHANGES 1863 – 1866

 1863 - 1866


Charles DIXON of Morley, Manufacturer & Ann his wife 1st Pt; Eli ELLIS of Ossett Manufacturer the Other Pt. Of & concerning all that close, piece, parcel of land called the Far Warren Close (formerly part of Warren Close now divided into 3 – Near, Middle and Far Warren Close, containing 3a bounded by Middle Warren Close (sold to Samuel ELLIS) north by property belonging to ………..(blank) South by the Public Highway from Ossett to Horbury Bridge, East by Lane End Close (sold to George PICKARD) which said close/land was formerly in the occupation of John & Wm ILLINGWORTH, afterwards Sam’l WARD, then John HILL, late of the said Sam’l OAKES and now of the said Eli ELLIS. And all that messuage/dwellinghouse, coachhouse, outbldgs etc. ERECTED on part of the said close now in the occupation of Eli ELLIS and all other hereditaments described in an indenture dated 12th June 1863 between Eli ELLIS 1st Pt and Ann DIXON (then OAKES) spinster the Other Pt. etc……..15th June (Ref: 1871 658 405 485)


Memorial of a Will, George BRIGGS late of Ossett Manufacture dated 15th Nov 1869. All his third part or share in the Storrs Hill Mill, Mill yard, Stables and Warehouse etc. Also, dwellinghouse, kitchen with vacant ground in front at South Ossett occupied by his son David BRIGGS. Also third share in Public House, Beerhouse and 12 cottages, weaving shop etc. Will required by Emma RHODES (Nee BRIGGS) one of the Devisees. Will witnessed 8/3/1875 (Ref: 1875 733 231 239)


Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England 1st Pt James Henry McCHEARE of Leeds Cleric in Holy Orders 2nd Pt & Joshua ELLIS, Cloth Manufacturer 3rd Pt. Land in Ossett containing 1a 7ps now in the occupation of Benjamin WILSON (No Description) AND same date & details 1st & 2nd Pt George HARROP 3rd Pt. 2a 2r 13p occupied by Messrs Jessop RUDDLESDEN (Ref: 1876 751 468 530 & 531)


John HARROP of Sth Ossett & Elizabeth his wife 1st Pt. Francis BRIGGS of Ossett, Gent the Other Pt. All those 2 closes of land arable meadow or pasture (formerly one close) situate near to & adjoining on Storrs Hill Sth Ossett, known as Storrs Hill Close, formerly occupied by Joseph ILLINGWORTH the elder, dec’d, then Wm ILLINGWORTH, dec’d, lately John ILLINGWORTH dec’d but now John HARROP and all that dwelling house, ‘shopping’ stable or cowhouse & other buildings erected & built on the 2 closes of land. Together with rights etc. (Ref: 1877 793 330 380) (Harrop’s wife was Elizabeth Illingworth)


WILL of Philip ELLIS late of Park House, Ossett , Woollen cloth Merchant and Manufacturer dated 26th August 1874. All messuages, dwellings, mills etc. – probate to Eli ELLIS one of the Devisees named in the Will. (Ref: 1878 807 274 326)


Memorial of Indenture dated 14/12/1878 Between Thomas SENIOR? Solicitor 1st Pt, Jane GAWTHORPE of Healey, widow, Edmund BRIGGS cloth manufacturer & Joseph THORPE of Horbury Bridge, millwright 2nd Pt. Squire GAWTHORPE of Healey, Cloth Fuller 3rd Pt, Sarah GAWTHORPE, widow 4th Pt & the Local Board for the Dist. of Ossett cum Gawthorpe; hereafter called the “Local Board” 5th Pt. Piece of land at Healey 1a 3r. N by land of Ossett & Horbury Gas Co., S by Chas. WHEATLEY E by Trustees of Geo. GREENWOOD W by other land of the trustees of John GAWTHORPE the elder. The said piece is part of 2 closes formerly 1 close called Lower Ing, then divided into 2, called by several names & containing the Lower Brier Ing 1a 3r 26p and the Upper Brier Ing 2a 1r 2p formerly in the occupation of Thos. MOSS but which is now 1 close in the occupation of the Local Board (Ref: 1879 827 66 68)

 LAND CHANGES 1867 – 1880

 1867 - 1880


 Francis BRIGGS– Gent 1st Pt, Elizabeth HARROP, wife of John 2nd Pt and George HARROP, Cloth Manufacturer 3rd Pt. 2 Closes of land formerly 1 close near to & adjoining Storrs Hill in Sth Ossett & known as Storrs Hill Close in occupation of Joseph ILLINGWORTH the elder, then Wm ILLINGWORTH, then John ILLINGWORTH but now John HARROP & also that dwelling, shop, stables etc erected on the 2 closes (Ref: 1881 857 448 486) see 1877 793 330 380

Thos SENIOR of Bradford Solicitor 1st Pt, Jane GAWTHORPE widow, Joseph THORPE of Horbury Bridge, Millwright & Edward BRIGGS, cloth manufacturer 2nd Pt, Squire GAWTHORPE of Healey 3rd Pt. & John KING, of Horbury Bridge, Oil Distiller 4th Pt – Lands at Healey AND secondly all that close of land called Upper Cherry Tree Close formerly containing 4a 2r 9p of John CROWDER dec’d. (Ref: 1881 868 101 130)

 ((Incidentally I was born on King Street, Horbury Bridge in 1936. My father worked in the Office of the Oil Distillery, (owned by John Reid & Sons at that time))

Memorial to be registered of the last Will and testament of GEORGE LISTER late of Storrs Hill in Ossett Cloth Miller bearing date 1862 . Of & concerning all his (testator) real estate but as to Estates vested in him upon trust or by way of mortgage subject to the Equities affecting the same respectively. Which said Will by the said Testator was witnessed by George Moses Berry, Mary Sutton wife of Robert Sutton of Storrs Hill etc. and said will is required by FRED LISTER of Ossett the surviving trustee of MARTHA LISTER the Devisee named in the WILL to be registered……. signed 15th Aug 1881 by Fred Lister (Ref: 1881 868 59 68)

Memorial to be registered of the Probate of the last Will and testament of MARTHA LISTER late of Storrs Hill in Ossett, Widow, bearing date 19th Aug 1867. . Of & concerning all her (testator) real estate whatsoever. Probate granted to FRED LISTER one of the Devisees. (Ref: 1881 868 59 69)

LISTER TO SUTTON. David ROBERTS of Horbury, William BROOKE of Spring End 1st Pt. Fred LISTER of Ossett 2nd Pt and Robert SUTTON of Storrs Hill, Ossett 3rd Pt. The Upper Long Close (now in 2 closes) 4a & 29ps formerly in the occupation of Widow FARRER and afterwards by George LISTER, deceased but now Fred LISTER (including 4 dwellings, outbldgs etc erected by George LISTER now in the occupation of Robert SUTTON, Martha Ann DEWS, William ASQUITH, George William DEWS and Joshua GODLY (Ref:1881 868 61 71)                      

Thomas SENIOR of Bradford Solicitor 1st Pt, Jane GAWTHORPE widow, Joseph THORPE of Horbury Bridge, Millwright & Edward BRIGGS, cloth manufacturer 2nd Pt, Squire GAWTHORPE of Healey 3rd Pt. & John KING, of Horbury Bridge, Oil Distiller 4th Pt – Lands at Healey AND secondly all that close of land called Upper Cherry Tree Close formerly containing 4a 2r 9p of John CROWDER dec’d (Ref: 1881 868 101 130)


Benjamin BUTTERWORTH of Holmfirth, Gent, Chas. Wm Frederick TAYLOR of Almondbury & Wm Henry STEWART of Wakefield 1st Pt. George HARROP of Horbury Manufacturer 2nd Pt. Plot of land 5a 16p formerly 2 closes called the Laith or Lee Croft, Middle Croft & Low Croft & Wheat Royd, formerly in the occupation of Joseph THORNES, then Joshua HARROP & Geo HARROP but now George HARROP, near Healey Lane N by Healey lane, S & W by property of the Reps. of Geo GREENWOOD. E by property of Geo. RADLEY and the said George HARROP formerly described as – “Firstly that plot of land containing 1a being the Sth West end of the close formerly in 3 closes called Laith, Middle & Low Croft but then Laith or Lee Crofts” and also plot of land containing 1a 1r 35p adjoining to part of the last described being the N.E part of Wheat Royd all adjoining Healey Lane, now or late occupied by Joseph THORNES & bounded by Healey Lane by property secondly described of Geo GREENWOOD & J ELLIS, Secondly all those 2 plots of land being the remainder of Wheat Royd 2a 2r 26p (Ref: 1883 890 641 765)

 John HARROP of Ossett, Geo. RICHARDSON, Bank Manager & Abraham POLLARD manuf. 1st Pt, Geo RADLEY Manuf. 2nd Pt & Eli TOWNEND 3rd Pt. 5030 sq yds S by other Pt of the said close N by Healey Lane. E by other property of Geo. RADLEY & W by Geo. HARROP, in occupation of Eli TOWNEND (Ref: 1883 897 146 208)

George HARROP to Eli TOWNEND, Rag & Mungo Merchant Of & concerning Plot/piece of land containing 10,796 sq yds approx. N by Healey Lane S by land contracted to J W SMITH (see below) E by land late of George RADLEY but recently sold to Eli TOWNEND. W by Trustees of George GREENWOOD dec’d. Secondly all those plots being the remaining part of Wheat Royd 2a 2r 26ps Upper & Low Lee Crofts (Ref: 1883 897 148 209)

 George HARROP of Horbury , Manufacturer 1st Pt and John William SMITH of Ossett Rag & Mungo Merchant, the Other Pt. Of & concerning all that plot, piece of land at Ossett containing 21,938 sq yds more or less. Bounded N by other property lately sold to Eli TOWNEND, S by Trustees of the late George GREENWOOD E by George RADLEY. Recently sold by him to John William SMITH and W by other property of the Trustees of George GREENWOOD (dec’d) all of which are part of the piece of land containing 1a being the SW end of a close of land formerly in 3 closes called Laith Croft, Middle Croft and Low Croft, but then the Laith Croft otherwise Lee Croft. And also that other plot containing 1a 1r 33ps adjoining to the last plot being the NE part of a close of land called the Wheat Royd. All which are adjoining upon Healey Lane lately in the occupation of Joseph THORNES and Bounded by Healey Lane, George GREENWOOD, George RADLEY & John ELLIS Secondly 2 plots being the remaining part of Wheat Royd 2a 2r 26p adjoining Healey Lane & late in the occupation of Joseph THORNES, Bounded by Healey Lane, George GREENWOOD and the said plot of land lately described. All of which previously described cont. 5a 16p and all that other plot 1a 1r 12ps part of plot called the Low Lea Croft (connected to the other plots) – All on Indenture dated 8th Nov 1867 between Geo RADLEY & George HARROP   (1883 897 149 210 12th July – 1796 sq yds sold to Eli TOWNEND) (Ref: 1883 897 148/50 209/211)

DEED Connected to above plots George HARROP TO George RADLEY (Ref: 1883 899 213 271)

Benjamin WATSON, Wakefield, Wholesale Grocer & John Thos HALL, Bank Accountant 1st Pt. Kirk Thomas METCALF & William SISSONS & Edward OLIVER, all of Leeds Common BREWERS & WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANTS at Leeds, known as:KIRK, MATTHEWS & Co. 2nd Pt & Richard GODLEY, of Malkroyd Lane in Dewsbury, Contractor 3rd Pt. and Robert RUSH of Norristhorpe, near Heckmondwike, Publican & George RUSH of Vulcan Rd., Dewsbury, Grocer 4th Pt. Allotment of land at Ossett Common measuring10p Bounded N by Highway from Ossett to Horbury W by land awarded to Duke of Leeds (Inclosure Act) W by Horbury Bridge Rd.,& S by John WILBY,( carrier ). Also 5 dwellings erected on said land & hereditaments occupied by William GODLEY (Ref: 1883 905 162 223) (Junction Inn, formerly “The Quiet Woman”)

The Quiet Woman (2)


Memorial of Will (dated 28/7/1871) of John ILLINGWORTH of Sth Ossett. All his Real Estate. Probate to Elizabeth HARROP, Devisee (Ref: 1884 906 530 699)

Elizabeth HARROP wife of John HARROP, clothier of Sth Ossett 1st Pt, the said John HARROP 2nd Pt & George HARROP of Horbury, Manufacturer. 3rd Pt. 2 closes of land, formerly 1 close lying near land adjoining Storrs Hill – The Storrs Hill Close, formerly in occupation of Joseph ILLINGWORTH the elder, then Wm ILLINGWORTH, then John but now John HARROP and dwelling, shop, stable etc. erected on the 2 closes (Ref: 1884 906 531 700)


 Eli ELLIS Grantor – mentions Far Warren Close – 3a – also Charles DIXON and Ann 1st Pt and Eli ELLIS the other (Ref: 1885 1 704 393)

 James William CLOSE of Leeds, accountant, Trustee of the Estate of Edmund BRIGGS, South Ossett, Manufacturer & Bankrupt 1st Pt. Oliver BRIGGS, Edmund ELLIS & Henry Castile SCOTT, cloth manufacturers the Other Pt. All that 1/14th part of J.W, CLOSE as Trustee & all that piece of land 2r 20p ((part of a close of land at Ossett Common end containing 1a 36p, formerly the estate of Joseph BRIGGS dec’d. North by Horbury Bridge Road (formerly Horbury Bridle Lane, now Horbury Rd.,), South by land formerly of George BRIGGS but now Oliver BRIGGS. West by land of the representatives of James BRIGGS but now by property of representatives of George BRIGGS, John BRIGGS & Joseph BRIGGS & East by residue of said close, formerly of Joseph BRIGGS but now Frank BRIGGS. Also scribbling Mill etc…. (Ref: 1885 10 816 434)

BRIGGS Family – re Bull Close/Croft on Ossett Common End. (Ref: 1885 10 816 433 & 4

Storrs Hill Allotment 3a 1r 29p; Cow Pasture 4a;& Far Warren Close (Ref:1885 20 24 13) ALL ELLIS

Mentions Middle Warren Close 2a 3r 4p……..Thirdly 3a 2r 2 and a third p; 1 plot 3a 1r 21p ………and a dwelling house with outbuildings and a plot of land 3a 1r 35p with the MANSION HOUSE!!!! (Ref: 1885 20 25 26)


John ELLIS and Eli ELLIS 1st Pt W R Union Banking the Other Pt. Firstly all that close/piece/parcel of land (now in 2 closes) situate & being the greater part of Middle Warren Close which formed part of Warren Close (including buildings) 2a 3r 4p. Thirdly Far Warren Close (Ref: 1886 5 469 256)

Eli ELLIS 1st Pt W R Union Bank the Other Pt Storrs Hill Allotment 3a 1r 29 p Cow Pasture. Thirdly Far Warren Close (Ref:1886 5 474 257)

Mark BRIGGS Gent 1st Pt; William BRIGGS 2nd Part; Oliver BRIGGS, Edmund ELLIS & Henry Castile SCOTT, cloth manufacturers 3rd Pt. 2 undivided 1/6th parts/shares & all other parts, interests etc. of Mark BRIGGS & William BRIGGS in all that piece of land (part of Bull Close) on Ossett Common End containing (including so much of an intended New Street 10 yds wide) – re. Indenture 13th Jan 1873 between Philip CRAWSHAW 1st Pt & Edmund BRIGGS, Mark BRIGGS & William BRIGGS, Oliver BRIGGS, Edmund ELLIS & Henry Castile SCOTT the other Pt. 3273 sq yds. NE by property of Philip CRAWSHAW sold to Thomas HARROP, NW partly by Oliver BRIGGS & partly by ……………. SW by Messrs BRIGGS & George DYSON & SE ……………centre of intended New Street. (Ref: 1887 8 502 272)

John HARROP , George RICHARDSON, (retired Bank Manager( and Abram POLLARD Manufacturer 1st Pt. George RADLEY, Gent the Other Pt. Buildings & Land at Sowood Green and also 3 closes called Laithe Croft, Middle Croft & Low Croft now called Laithe Croft (Ref: 1887 12 602 316)


John KING to OSSETT GAS Co., land and cottages on Healey Lane. N by Healey Low Mill & other land of the Gas Co. On or towards property of the Local Board, S by Charles WHEATLEY & W by other cottages of John KING & retained by him. 9 cottages,& outbuildings. Area of 9874 sq yds (see information about Lower Ing (Ref: 1881 866 101 130) (Ref: 1888 26 597 290) Very Long Deed!!


1888 26 597 290 10.32.45


Eli TOWNEND Deeds of all properties deposited with Wakefield and Barnsley Union Bank (Ref: 1889 33 537 287)

Memorial of Will of David ELLIS Gent; who Died 16th May 1889 at his dwelling house, Storrs Hill House, …………….., gardens outbldgs etc. 13 cottages nearby. Also 2 Burling Houses at Storrs Hill and also residue & remainder of his Real Estate & Personal Estate (Ref: 1889 37 22 140)

Edmund ELLIS Manufacturer 1st Pt, Arthur & David ELLIS the Other Pt. Undivided third part & all other parts of Edmund ELLIS. Firstly plot containing. 2r 20p part of a close called Ossett Common End containing 1a 36p, formerly estate of Joseph BRIGGS Dec’d Bounded N by road from Ossett to Horbury Bridle Rd. S by land formerly of Geo. BRIGGS but now Oliver BRIGGS. W by land formerly of Representatives of James BRIGGS but now to Reps of George BRIGGS, John BRIGGS and Joseph BRIGGS E by residue of said close formerly belonging to Joseph BRIGGS but now Frank BRIGGS. and all those Scribbling Mills erected with Weaving Mill, Steam Engine etc. Secondly plot of land (Bull Close) on Ossett Common End including 10 yds for New Street (13/1/1873) between Philip CRAWSHAW 1st Pt Edmund BRIGGS, Mark BRIGGS, Wm BRIGGS, Oliver BRIGGS, Emma ELLIS & H. Castile SCOTT 2nd Pt 3273 sq yds. SEE 1885 10 816 433/4 (Ref:1889 38 481 258)

Henry RADLEY of Ossett, Rag & Mungo Merchant; Samuel BENNET of Horbury, Dyer; Geo Edward BRIGGS Dyer 1st Pt. John Wm SMITH of Ossett Rag & Mungo Merchant 2nd Pt and Eli TOWNEND of Ossett Rag & Mungo Merchant 3rd Pt. All those 10 plots at Sowood Green (Healey Lane) measuring 7955 sq yds in total. E by other property of Henry RADLEY, Samuel BENNET & Geo Edward BRIGGS; W by property formerly of H RADLEY and conveyed by him to J W SMITH & Eli TOWNEND (in 2 Indentures 12th July 1883) Towards the North by Healey Lane, S by Trustees of Geo GREAVES Dec’d described on Indenture coloured green  (Ref: 1890 1 235 116)

John Wm SMITH 1st Pt Eli TOWNEND the Other . Land at Sowood Green measuring 2036 sq yds.(Ref: 1890 1 235 117)

LAND CHANGES 1881 – 1890

1881 - 1890 .jpg


Top of Healey Rd. 1890 - 1893



Storrs Hill Corner to Sowood Bend 1890



Henry RADLEY of Ossett, Rag Merchant, Samuel BENNETT of Horbury, Dyer, Geo. Edward BRIGGS, Dyer 1st Pt. Frederick AUDSLEY, Rag Merchant the Other Pt. 12 cottages in Ossett in occupation of John CONYERS, Arthur SMITH, William PARKINSON, Joseph AUDSLEY, Alfred SPENCER, Judith ILLINGWORTH, Geo Edward BRIGGS, William SMITH, Geo PHILLIPS, Sam’l Newton CRAVEN, Arthur BOOCOCK & Joshua CONYERS together with stables, outbuildings etc. containing 5172 ? sq yds Bounded N by Healey Rd., S by property sold by Henry RADLEY, Sam’l BENNETT & Geo Edwd BRIGGS to Mrs Sarah MYERS; E partly by the said property of Sarah MYERS and part by ‘Glebe’ properties and W by Henry RADLEY, Sam’l BENNETT & Geo Edward BRIGGS. The estate late of George RADLEY (Ref:1891 4 232 111)

Fredk AUDSLEY of Ossett Rag Merchant 1st Pt John CROWTHER Rag Merchant the Other Pt. 12 cottages now or late in occupation of John Conyers, Arthur Smith, Wm Parkinson, Joe Audsley, Alfred Spencer, Judith Illingworth. Geo. Edw Briggs, Wm Smith, Geo Phillips, Saml Newton, Arthur Boocock &Joshua Conyers. Warehouse, stables Carriage House etc., 2172 sq yds. N by Healey Lane, S by Henry RADLEY, Saml BENNETT & Geo, Ed BRIGGS to Mrs Sarah MYERS. E by part by the said property, by certain Glebe properties. W by land of Henry RADLEY, Saml BENNEII & Geo Ed. BRIGGS, set out from part of land belonging to the late Geo RADLEY, recently of Highfield House (Healey!) Gent, dec’d (Ref: 1891 6 777 412)

Eli TOWNEND 1st Pt. Wkfd & Barnsley Union Bank 2nd Pt OSSETT GAS Co. 3rd Pt. All that land called Brier Ing or Brear Ing. Estimated at 3a but now by recent admeasurement 5a 3r. N or NW by Healey Lane S or SE by property of John KING, E or NE by Ossett Gas Co. W or SW by Road leading to Healey Low Mill (Ref: 1891 25 901 494)

 Eli TOWNEND 1st Pt. Wkfd & Barnsley Union Bank 2nd Pt Lancs & Yorks Railway 3rd Pt. 2 pieces of land situate on either side of the main Railway Co. at Healey in Ossett. One on the North side containing 3a 32 and a half perches and the other 24 and three quarters perches. (Ref: 1891 27 219 111)

1891 27 219 111 image

George Edward BRIGGS, of Ossett, Co of York, Rag Merchant 1st Part; Alfred Radley BRIGGS, of Horbury, Chemist & Druggist; Alice MEGSON (formerly BRIGGS) wife of Frank Fearnside MEGSON, of Headlands in Ossett, Commercial Traveller the 2nd Pt. Francis BRIGGS, Newfield House Ossett, Gent 3rd Pt. William BRIGGS, of South Place, Ossett Gent. 4th Pt; Henry WHITEHEAD of the Weavers Inn, Horbury Rd. Ossett, Licensed Victualler 5th Pt. John HARDMAN of Bradford Beerseller, 6th Pt. John GORDON of Bradford, Brewer 7th Pt and WALLER & Son Ltd of Trafalgar Brewery Bradford (the said Purchaser) 8th Pt. Of & concerning all that plot/piece of land at Storrs Hill containing 408 ?? sq yds approx. Bounded N by Storrs Hill Rd.,S & W by other properties of the 1st 2nd 3rd & 4th pts & E by property of the Rev’d Father HARTELL, formerly part of an allotment containing 1a 5ps awarded to James BRIGGS, dec’d. AND also all that Public House called the WEAVERS INN, standing on some part thereof and now or late in the occupation of the BRUNSWICK BREWERY Co Ltd. Together with all rights etc.. (Ref: 1892 22 186 91)

(Sample so that you can see how difficult the deeds are to decipher sometimes!!)

1892 Weavers Inn.jpg


John Wm GREENWOOD of Scarborough, Gent and Robert ALFORD, East Twickenham, Coach Builder ( The Vendors). MAYOR & ALDERMEN etc. of Ossett ‘The CORPORATION’ , The Other Part. Land at Storrs Hill 2a 1r 10p. E by land awarded to Francis MARSDEN & Joseph ILLINGWORTH, W by land awarded to CHURCHWARDENS of OSSETT, N by Horbury Bridge Rd., & S by the Township of HORBURY  (Ref; 1893 20 192 94)

1893 20 192 94

Geo M SAUNDERS, Beckett NICHOLSON 1st Pt, Richard BECKETT and Ann D BECKETT 2nd Pt, Ann D BECKETT 3rd Pt and Eli TOWNEND 4th Pt Land between the Railway and the Calder 2790 sq yds. (Ref: 1893 32 408 185)

1893 32 408 185 .jpg

Geo M SAUNDERS, Beckett NICHOLSON 1st Pt, Richard BECKETT and Ann D BECKETT 2nd Pt, Ann D BECKETT 3rd Pt and Eli TOWNEND 4th Pt and the MAYOR & BURGEES ? of OSSETT known as ‘The CORPORATION’. Land between the Railway and the Calder 2790 sq yds ( Ref: 1893 34 440 213)

George Edward BRIGGS, of Ossett, Co of York, Rag Merchant 1st Part; Alfred Radley BRIGGS, of Horbury, Chemist & Druggist; Alice MEGSON (formerly BRIGGS) wife of Frank Fearnside MEGSON, of Headlands in Ossett, Comm. Traveller the 2nd Pt. Oliver BRIGGS of Ossett, Woollen Manufacturer 3rd Pt. All that undivided 3rd Pt or share or other the part share & interest of them the said G E Briggs; A R Briggs; & A Megson or of the said G E BRIGGS as heir of his father Geo BRIGGS dec’d. All that piece of land 4583 sq yds???. Bounded N by Storrs Hill Rd E partly by properties of Messrs Geo BRIGGS & Sons & W partly by property now or late of Rev. Father HARTILL & part by property of Messrs WALLER & son which forms part of an allotment 1a 5ps awarded to James BRIGGS Dec’d. & also 12 cottages, weaving shop etc. (Ref: 1893 41 351 179)


BANKRUPTCY of Eli ELLIS trading as ELLIS BROS. – very long list of creditors (Ref: 1894 1 902 446)

creditors 4 .jpg


 WR UNION BANKING CO 1st Pt. William WILCOCK the Other PT – Cow Pasture 4a………………..also 1r 20p awarded to Francis MARSDEN (Ref: 1894 7 564 291)

 Crosier HOPKINSON, Old Corn Exchange 1st Pt, Eli ELLIS of Victoria Mills 2nd Pt, WR UNION BANKING CO 3rd Pt. Mid Warren Close (in 3 closes 2a 3r 4p and lots more lands) (Ref:1894 8 974 497)

Geo. William BENNETT of Horbury Dyer and Martha Jane BENNETT Spinster 1st Pt. Geo. William BENNETT of Horbury Dyer and Martha Jane BENNETT and Lilly BENNETT spinster & Sarah Elizabeth BENNETT spinster 2nd Pt. Fredk AUDSLEY of Healey Lane, Ossett, Rag Merchant 3rd Pt. All that Plot of land containing 8077 sq yds. Bounded N by Healey Lane S by representatives of the late George GREENWOOD dec’d E part by property lately scheduled & conveyed to Henry RADLEY, the said Samuel BENNETT and Geo. Edward BRIGGS and the said Fredk AUDSLEY & partly by certain other property also recently sold & conveyed by them to Sarah MYERS. W by land conveyed by Henry RADLEY, Sam’l BENNETT & Geo Edward BRIGGS to J W SMITH (Ref: 1894 12 493 247)

WR Union Banking Co. 1st Pt.,